Growths In The Breast Tissue
The chances of developing growths in the breast, such as fibroids, cysts, and tumors, increases with age. In most cases, these lumps are noncancerous, and most females have them. However, it is important to get a doctor to check any new lumps.
Noncancerous lumps can include the following:
- Fibroids are benign growths consisting of fibrous connective tissue.
- Cysts are round, tender lumps that contain fluid. A complex cyst can contain both solid and liquid components.
- Ductal or lobular hyperplasia occurs when the cells that line the milk ducts grow excessively.
- Fibroadenomas refer to benign tumors comprising glandular and connective tissue. According to the American Cancer Society, fibroadenomas most often affect females in their 20s and 30s.
- Intraductal papillomas are benign tumors that grow inside the milk ducts. They often cause bloody discharge from the nipples.
- Adenosis causes enlarged lobules in the breast. These sometimes contain calcium deposits, which can make them resemble cancer on a mammogram.
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Sore Breasts Before Your Period
One symptom of premenstrual syndrome is the swelling and tenderness of the breasts. Pain can range in severity, though its usually on the lower end of the spectrum.
What causes it? During the hormonal changes cause by menstruation, oestrogen activates the breast ducts to enlarge and progesterone triggers the milk glands to swell . How can you ease breast pain before your period? If youre finding that over-the-counter painkillers arent working for this cyclical type of breast pain, you should see your GP for more options. Your doctor might recommend diuretics or oral contraceptives to help ease more severe pre-period breast pain.
Hot Flushes/night Sweats And Body Odour
Hot flushes and night sweats are the same, the only difference is that night sweats are hot flushes that happen at night!
Hot flushes and night sweats are caused by declining oestrogen levels, this impacts your brainsâ ability to regulate body temperature. Your body thinks it is overheating when it isnt and your brain triggers the body to cool down by sweating and increasing blood flow through the skins blood vessels which causes the flush.
Hot flushes and night sweats are common menopausal symptoms and can vary in severity and duration. For about 20% of women, they can be quite severe and cause a lot of distress impacting work, sleep, and overall quality of life. However, for most women going through the menopause, they only occur occasionally.
Experiencing hot flushes and night sweats can also increase body odour. In addition, symptoms such as anxiety create sweat produced in the apocrine glands. Anxiety sweat is fatty and breeds and feeds on bacteria which creates a more pungent smell.
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Treating Breast Pain After Menopause
Treating postmenopausal breast pain depends upon a woman’s age, symptoms, and general health. Determining the underlying cause is imperative to treatment effectiveness.
Alongside breast pain treatments that focus on natural and effective lifestyle changes – optimized diet, wholesome habits, etc. – there are a couple more options women may pursue for relief:
How Is Nipple Discharge Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will likely want to find out if the discharge is coming from 1 duct or several. Multiple duct discharge is nearly always benign. It is likely due to changes such as ectasia. Discharge coming from a single duct may be more significant. But if mammography shows no abnormality, surgery may not be needed.
Nipple discharge can be different colors and textures. Your healthcare provider may take a sample of the discharge and have it checked in a lab to confirm a diagnosis.
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How Do You Make Your Nipples Stand Out More
You may be able to coax your nipple out by gently stimulating the nipple yourself. Try gently rolling your nipple between your thumb and finger or touching your nipple with a cold, damp cloth. You can also try the Hoffman technique, which was created to help women breastfeed with flat or inverted nipples.
When To Check With Your Doctor
Most midlife breast changes are normal. But you canÃ¢t be sure on your own. Talk to your doctor if you notice any of these problems:
- A lump or a firm or thick area in your breast or under your arm.
- Nipple discharge fluid or changes, such as a nipple that becomes sunken into the breast, also called âinverted.â
- Skin changes, such as redness, dimpling, puckering, or ridges that look like orange peel.
- Unexplained swelling or shrinkage of the breast, especially on one side only.
Most of the time, breast changes are not cancer, but itÃ¢s important to get any new or unusual symptom checked out quickly.
Also talk to your doctor about how often you should get mammograms, since guidelines vary. The American Cancer Society recommends one every year, starting when youÃ¢re 45. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends offering average-risk patients mammograms beginning at age 40. Other groups advise every 2 years when you turn 50 until youÃ¢re 74.
You may need to start sooner if youÃ¢re at high risk.
Your doctor can help you decide whatÃ¢s best for you.
Association of Reproductive Health Professionals: Ã¢Perimenopause: Changes, Treatment, Staying Healthy.Ã¢
National Cancer Institute: Ã¢Understanding Breast Changes.Ã¢
Kataria , K. Indian Journal of Surgery. June, 2014.
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: Ã¢Breast Changes: Should I Be Concerned?Ã¢
Mayo Clinic: Ã¢Breast Cysts.Ã¢
American Cancer Society: Ã¢Fibrosis and simple cysts.Ã¢
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Reasons Why You Have Hard And Erect Nipples
Hard & erect nipples can be caused due to both sexual & non-sexual reasons. Some are cold weather, infection, pregnancy, ovulation, etc. Click to find more.
Research has found that nipples have thousands of nerve endings, making them more sensitive than other parts of the body. There are various types of nipples among women. Hence, women often experience hard and erect nipples. Some reasons why nipples get hard are explained as follows:
Sexual Stimulation Causes Hard And Erect Nipples
The nerves of your nipples and genitals are connected to the same part of the brain. Any stimulation to them creates the same effect as to your genitals. This is why nipples get hard when your partner touches them. Research indicates that stiff and erect nipples are one of the signs of sexual arousal.
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If Caused By Inversion
If you were born with inverted nipples, or developed them over time, and the cause isnt cancer, you can try a variety of treatments, like:
- regular stimulation with your fingers, like the Hoffman technique, which involves pressing your thumbs into the base of your nipple to make it protrude
- use of shells or cups, which stimulate the nipple and make it protrude
- use of a nipple retractor device
When Should I Be Concerned About Breast Pain
If you experience breast pain along with any of the following symptoms, you should contact your GP as soon as possible :
A new lump with the onset of pain a lump that doesnt go away after menstruation
Signs of breast infection, such as localised redness, pus, or fever
Clear or bloody discharge from your nipple
Persistent, unexplained breast pain
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What Causes Breast Tenderness With Dr Suzanne Mcmurry
As far as breast soreness in menopause, there are some factors that can definitely influence this. First, if the women is on bioidentical hormones, or just hormones in general, the dosage may be too high. She should have her hormone levels tested, through blood work, by her gynecologist or primary care doctor.
Second is diet related. This relates to either food sensitivities, specific to Immunoglobulin-G related food allergies. These allergies trigger the immune system, increasing inflammation and resulting in symptoms related to breast tenderness, joint aches, digestive upset, headaches and migraines, just to name a few. Caffeine consumption also has a strong, direct correlation with breast tenderness. If youre drinking more then 1 cup of coffee daily, substitute the rest with decaf or better yet, herbal teas and water, and do this for a week. Does this improve your pain?
Third relates to excess fatty tissue. In menopause, your ovaries are no longer producing estrogen. The main driver in estrogen production at this stage is your fat tissue. Some women store most of their fat in their breasts, others in various other places . This excess fat can give you symptoms related to what you may have experienced during or around your menstrual cycle. Exercise, Epsom salt baths, sauna treatments, all are great ways to eliminate the estrogens released from your fat tissue. These treatments also help to detoxify your body, enabling efficient and effective elimination of hormones.
If Caused By Hormonal Changes
If wrinkling affects your nipples during your period, or if you notice theyre starting to wrinkle during menopause, you might want to consider balancing your hormones. This can be done by:
- eating enough protein, healthy fats, fatty fish, and fiber
- exercising regularly
- avoiding sugar and simple carbohydrates
- managing stress through relaxing activities or by using relaxation techniques like deep breathing
- drinking green tea
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Why Are My Nipples Hard And Sore
While many people have experience hard and sore nipples at some point, it is a condition that you may feel uncomfortable talking to your doctor about. While the discomfort may not be pleasurable, it is not always a sign of a serious problem. There are many different reasons why your nipples may feel hard and sore at some point in your life.
Why Are My Nipples Hard and Sore?
1. Pagets Disease
Pagets disease of the nipple is actually an extremely rare disease. Often, it is diagnosed with breast cancer and about 1 percent of breast cancers have Pagets disease. The causes of this condition are unknown, but it can make your nipples feel hard and sore. You may also experience symptoms like increased sensitivity on the nipple, redness, burning sensations, itching and crusting. If you have Pagets disease of the nipple, you may be given treatments like surgery or radiotherapy.
2. Blocked Ducts
3. Hormonal Fluctuations
There are many reasons why your hormonal levels may fluctuate during your life. This can end up causing your nipples to feel sore or hard. Some of the possible causes of hormonal fluctuations include:
This syndrome can cause sore nipples. Basically, there may be an increased level of estrogen or an estrogen imbalance in the womans body that is causing the nipples to feel sore and hard.
Pre-Menopause and Menopause
4. Breast Rash
6. Breast Cancer
7. Allergies and Sensitivity
Digestive Problems And Bloating
Low oestrogen levels can result in less fluctuating cortisol levels which increases blood sugars and slows down digestion. As oestrogen plays a role in the function of the gastrointestinal system, low levels can cause bloating, indigestion, acid reflux, stomach cramps along with nausea, flatulence, constipation, and diarrhoea.
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I Am 46 Years Old And I Am Experiencing Breast Tenderness And Sore Nipples Usually After A Period Ends It Reminds Me Of How My Breasts Felt When I Was Pregnant
Breast/nipple tenderness is very common on the approach to the menopause, even if you are still getting regular periods. This is often caused by fluctuating oestrogen.
As long as you are not on any other hormonal contraception/medication you could try Menopause Support. This is traditionally used to help gently raise/balance oestrogen levels and may reduce symptoms.
Kelp can often help as well.
Dehydration and constipation can be contributory factors so do make sure that you are drinking plenty of plain water every day – tea, coffee, and fizzy/sugary drinks can make symptoms worse so best avoided!
Just remember to get any breast changes checked out by your doctor as well.
Have you had yourself measured properly for bra size? Towards the menopause breast tissue, size and shape can change quite dramatically and an ill fitting bra, especially if you wear under-wired ones, can cause breast pain too!
Most big department stores offer a free service so it would be worth checking out.
Why Your Breasts Hurt
A lot our patients ask, “why do my breasts hurt?” Breast pain is familiar to most women up to 70 percent of women experience it at some point. That breast sensitivity just before your period is cyclical mastalgia and is caused by .? You guessed it: hormone fluctuations. Those same shifting hormones can cause the girls to get a bit lumpy and swollen as well, so its good to know whats going on. This is often experienced in relation to pregnancy, as similarly disruptive painful sex is often a postpartum symptom. However, hormone-prompted breast pain can also happen in perimenopause, though in the good-news column, most women dont experience breast pain after menopause is complete, hoorah!
While hormones are a big cause of breast pain, theyre not entirely to blame. We asked Naturopathic Doctor Suzanne McMurry of Naturopathic Cancer Treatment to help us understand what causes breast pain particularly when its not necessarily our cycle anymore and what we can do about it.
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Normal Breast Changes During Life
From adolescence to menopause, breast tissue is affected by the hormonal changes associated with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and lactation. Breast tissue can become more tender and lumpy just prior to a menstrual period, and less tender and lumpy after a period.
It is normal and quite common for breasts to be lumpy or have benign nodules.
During the perimenopausal years, when women transition from regular periods to their final period , women often experience increased breast discomfort because of a change in hormone levels that affects breast tissue.
After menopause, the glandular tissue of the breast is largely replaced by fatty tissue.
General Symptoms Of Breast Pain During Menopause
Symptoms of breast pain will vary depending on the individual woman. Pain and discomfort may be constant or intermittent, and pain levels may vary day to day. Some general symptoms of breast pain include:
- Discomfort or pain in one or both breasts
- Breasts too tender to touch, leading to the inability to tolerate a bra or even light clothing due to discomfort
- Sharp, stabbing or throbbing pains
It is important to be aware that your breast soreness may not always be linked to perimenopause. Consult your doctor if any of these additional symptoms arise:
- Pus discharge from the nipple in a clear, yellow or bloody fluid
- Noticeable increase in breast size
- Fever or chest pain
The addition of these symptoms could be an indication that a more serious condition exists. Always consult a doctor to confirm if breast soreness is hormonal or caused by another condition.
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What Are The Side Effects Of Hard Nipples
Hard nipples can occur in response to a stimulus like cold temperature, sexual stimulation, exercise and sport, and some diseases like Pagets breast disease.
In most cases of hard nipples, there is no underlying disease.
But as some women lack medical knowledge and attention, they can worry about breast cancer and get terrified. That can result in severe anxiety and depression.
Some women start trying home remedies and avoid the doctor because they fear the discovery of cancer. But, while its difficult, it is advisable to bring this condition to medical attention to rule out the underlying cause and prevent life-threatening diseases.
Remember, 99% of cancer is curable if they are diagnosed and treated early enough.
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Following are the effects of hard nipples on women:
- Fear of cancer
- Keep the skin of your breast dry
- Avoid highly fragranced deodorants and lotions on your breasts
- Change out of sweaty shirts
- Wear breathable clothes
- Apply sensitive skin lotion
Although there is no evidence that these remedies are very effective, these remedies can definitely lessen the pain in the nipples. These are preliminary steps to take to see if your hard nipples alleviate. If these steps are not resolving the issue, then talk to your doctor.
Management Of Breast Swelling And Tenderness
There are many lifestyle adjustments that can help make breast pain and swelling more manageable:
- Lower caffeine and salt consumption. Excessive consumption of both can be linked to the worsening of swelling and tenderness in the breasts as they can cause water retention.
- Take more vitamin E. Early studies have proven this vitamins benefits for women suffering from cyclic breast pain and swelling.
- Wear a well-fitting bra. This may be one of the simplest and most effective ways of reducing breast pain. Wear it while exercising and sleeping when they are extra sensitive.
- Use warm compresses. Applying a warm compress at the base of each breast can help relieve the pain after a particularly excruciating day.
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What Causes Breast Changes From Menopause
A natural process of aging in menopausal women is our breasts come to grips with the realities of gravity, losing their previous firmness and full shape.
But these changes can involve pain in your breasts, maybe a dull ache, heaviness, tightness, or a burning sensation. Breast pain may be linked to a menstrual cycle, and it is usually not a symptom of cancer. The hormonal changes in a womans body post-menopause cause the skin to lose moisture and elasticity. This has a stretching, sagging effect on the breasts. Many, but not all, older women should expect to change a cup size due to the breast size changes.
Effects of hormone levels on the breasts may include increased pain and lumpiness, which understandably can be worrisome if youre looking for signs of breast cancer. A lump that gets smaller over time is unlikely to be cancer. A lump that remains the same size or gets bigger should be evaluated because of a risk of breast cancer.