How Long Will Menopausal Transition Symptoms Last
Menopause is technically one full year without bleeding, and perimenopause is the stage before the final menstrual period, also known as the menopausal transition. Puberty and perimenopause are similar in that they both involve hormonal changes, and the transitions can take place over several years. Some medical organizations, such as the American Osteopathic Association, refer to perimenopause as reverse puberty in women.
According to NAMS, this phase can last four to eight years, and it comes with symptoms caused by hormone fluctuations, such as mood swings, poor sleep, and hot flashes.
The age at which a woman begins perimenopause can help predict how long the transition to menopause will last, according to research published in the journal;Menopause;in February 2017.;The authors found that perimenopause lasted longer in women who started the transition at a younger age, and the women had more symptoms, such as hot flashes.
Hormone Treatment And Therapy
Estrogen and progesterone therapy
Hormone therapy , or menopausal hormone therapy , consists of estrogens or a combination of estrogens and progesterone . This was formerly referred to as hormone replacement therapy . Hormone therapy controls the symptoms of menopause-related to declining estrogen levels , and HT is still the most effective way to treat these symptoms. But long-term studies of women receiving combined hormone therapy with both estrogen and progesterone were halted when it was discovered that these women had an increased risk for heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer when compared with women who did not receive HT. These risks were most pronounced in women over 60 taking hormone therapy. Later studies of women taking estrogen therapy alone showed that estrogen was associated with an increased risk for stroke, but not for heart attack or breast cancer. Estrogen therapy alone, however, is associated with an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women who have not had their uterus surgically removed.
Hormone therapy is available in oral , transdermal forms . Transdermal hormone products are already in their active form without the need for “first pass” metabolism in the liver to be converted to an active form. Since transdermal hormone products do not have effects on the liver, this route of administration has become the preferred form for most women.
When Does Menopause Occur
Menopause is a normal part of the aging process for women that typically happens after the age of 40. However, some women may go through early menopause, termed premature menopause.
Studies have shown that the age when a woman reaches menopause varies by geographical location. The median age at menopause in various regions around the world is outlined below:
- North America 50.5 to 51.4 years
- Europe 50.1 to 52.8 years
- Latin America 43.8 to 53 years
- Asia 42.1 to 49.5 years
You might be questioning why the age at which menopause occurs is important well, the age at menopause may be an indicator of aging and health. Research has shown that a later age at natural menopause has been associated with a variety of health effects, including:
- Longer life expectancy
- Reduced risk of osteoporosis and fractures
- Increased risk of female cancers
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Vaginal Lubricants For Menopause Symptoms
In women for whom oral or vaginal estrogens are deemed inappropriate, such as breast cancer survivors, or women who do not wish to take oral or vaginal estrogen, there are varieties of over-the-counter vaginal lubricants. However, they are probably not as effective in relieving vaginal symptoms as replacing the estrogen deficiency with oral or local estrogen.
The Onset Age Of Menopause And Influencing Factors
The transition from a womans fertile period to the period in which the ovaries begin to lose their function is achieved gradually. It is for this reason that it is difficult to set down a definite age at which menopause will begin for every woman. This period generally commences in the fourth decade of life and varies from one woman to another. Community-based studies indicate that the distribution of menopausal age displays a bell curve that ranges from age 40, ending around the age of 54, generally clustering around the ages 45-55. In one study, the average age of menopause has been reported as 54 in Europe, 51.4 in North America, 48.6 in Latin America and 51.1 in Asia.
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What Conditions Can Cause Early Menopause
Certain medical and surgical conditions can influence the timing of menopause.
Surgical removal of the ovaries
The surgical removal of the ovaries in an ovulating woman will result in an immediate menopause, sometimes termed a surgical menopause, or induced menopause. In this case, there is no perimenopause, and after surgery, a woman will generally experience the signs and symptoms of menopause. In cases of surgical menopause, women often report that the abrupt onset of menopausal symptoms results in particularly severe symptoms, but this is not always the case.
The ovaries are often removed together with the removal of the uterus . If a hysterectomy is performed without removal of both ovaries in a woman who has not yet reached menopause, the remaining ovary or ovaries are still capable of normal hormone production. While a woman cannot menstruate after the uterus is removed by a hysterectomy, the ovaries themselves can continue to produce hormones up until the normal time when menopause would naturally occur. At this time, a woman could experience the other symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes and mood swings. These symptoms would then not be associated with the cessation of menstruation. Another possibility is that premature ovarian failure will occur earlier than the expected time of menopause, as early as one to two years following the hysterectomy. If this happens, a woman may or may not experience symptoms of menopause.
Cancer chemotherapy and radiation therapy
What Age Do You Expect Menopause
It is true that the age at which we reach menopause is related to the age at which our mothers reached menopause. Women who have had babies late in their childbearing years tend to have a later menopause. Some women may go through early or premature menopause; before the age of 40, and again this may be hereditary. There is not necessarily a link between the onset of puberty and menopause. For example, if your periods started late you will not always have late menopause.
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Healthy Diet And Menopause
Suggestions for maintaining good health through diet at the time of menopause include:
- Choose a wide variety of foods, including plenty of vegetables, fruits, cereals, whole grains and small portions of lean meat, fish or chicken.
- Increase fluids and eat low-fat dairy foods with high calcium content.
Signs Of Menopause: What To Look Out For
Menopause is the natural decline of female hormones in the body. Menopausal women stop having periods because theyre no longer ovulating. Menopause happens at different ages for different women, but the average American woman goes through menopause between 45 and 55. According to the U.S. Office on Womens Health, the average age for menopause in the United States is 52. Symptoms of menopause may begin in the years before you stop getting a menstrual period, referred to as perimenopause. If you have any of the following signs of menopause, it may be time to talk to your OB/GYN about how to treat your symptoms and protect your health.
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How Should I Prepare For Menopause
Menopause is one of womens many important natural life-stages. For some, it is a challenging period of difficult physical and emotional changes. For others, it is a time of personal growth and renewal. And for many women, it is both at the same time. They don’t call it “Menopausal Zest” for nothing!
Here are some suggestions to help you enjoy your menopausal years to their fullest:
- Learn about menopause through recent books, articles and other reading materials.
- Talk to friends and relatives who have already gone through menopause.
- Join a menopause or midlife support-group in your area.
- Have a nutritious diet and enjoy regular exercise.
- Manage your stress by balancing your work and social life.
- Talk with your health care practitioner about your personal health concerns.
- Know that you have choices and can take charge of your health.
What Are The Signs Of Menopause
Menopause is a natural process that happens to every woman as she grows older, and is not a medical problem, disease or illness. Still, some women may have a hard time because of the changes in hormone levels during menopause.
There are many possible signs of menopause and each woman feels them differently. Most women have no or few menopausal symptoms while some women have many moderate or severe symptoms.
The clearest signs of the start of menopause are irregular periods , and when blood flow becomes lighter or heavier.
Other signs may include some of the following:
- weight gain;
- mood swings; and
- urinary tract infections.
Most of the time, these symptoms will lessen or go away after a woman has finished menopause.
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Are You Headed Toward Early Menopause
There are many negative health consequences linked to early menopause, including a higher risk of osteoporosis and fracture, heart disease, cognitive impairment and dementia, and early death, says Dr. Faubion.
If you have questions about when youll experience menopause and if you can do anything to change it, keep reading for answers.
Should I Be Worried About Late
;Posted4 years agobyAndreas Obermair
At what age do you expect menopause to occur?; How does it affect your health and cancer risk?
Menopause occurs when a womans ovaries stop releasing hormones. Naturally, ;a womans production of estrogen and progesterone hormones decrease in her late forties, which may cause menstrual periods eventually stopping. The age where most women become menopausal is between 50 and 54 years. In this context menopause is defined as not having a menstrual cycle for 12 consecutive months. As the hormone levels decrease, this may come with symptoms such as hot flushes, headaches, insomnia, mood swings and depression. Some women dont have symptoms at all. Others may have symptoms at;varying severity for 5 to 10 years.
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What Is The Average Age For Menopause To Start
5 MINUTE READ
Remember when we were younger, waiting for our periods to begin? We yearned for that first hint of red to appear, eager to join other girls in this rite of passage. That age was variable: Some of us began menstruating as early as 10, and some as late as 15.
And now youre left wondering: How old will I be when I go through menopause? Just as when we were younger and waiting for things to begin, were now wondering in reverse: What is the average age for menopause and importantly, what age will menopause start for me? Learn about the average menopausal age and what to expect when you start experiencing a change in hormone levels with this complete guide.
General Recommendations For Ht
Current guidelines support the use of HT for the treatment of severe hot flashes that do not respond to non-hormonal therapies. General recommendations include:
- HT may be started in women who have recently entered menopause.
- HT should not be used in women who have started menopause many years ago.
- Women should not take HT if they have risks for stroke, heart disease, blood clots, and breast cancer.
- Currently, there is no consensus on how long HT should be used or at what age it should be discontinued. Treatment should be individualized for a woman’s specific health profile.
- HT should be used only for menopause symptom management, not for chronic disease prevention.
Before starting HT, your doctor should give you a comprehensive physical exam and take your medical history to evaluate your risks for:
- Heart disease
- Breast cancer
While taking HT, you should have regular mammograms and pelvic exams and Pap smears. Current guidelines recommend that if HT is needed, it should be initiated around the time of menopause. Studies indicate that the risk of serious side effects is lower for women who use HT while in their 50s. Women who start HT past the age of 60 appear to have a higher risk for side effects such as heart attack, stroke, blood clots, or breast cancer. HT should be used with care in this age group.
Women who should not take hormone therapy include those with the following conditions:
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What Triggers A Hot Flash
There are quite a few normal things in your daily life that could set off a hot flash. Some things to look out for include:
- Tight clothing.
- Stress and anxiety.
Heat, including hot weather, can also trigger a hot flash. Be careful when working out in hot weather this could cause a hot flash.
How Long Do Menopause Symptoms Last
Menopause symptoms are reported to last for an average of 7.4 years with some women experiencing them for only a few months or for over a decade.
In general, women suffer from menopause symptoms up to a few years into postmenopause. However, this depends on the individual as some women report experiencing hot flashes well into their 70s and 80s.
Having said that, all postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of developing other serious health complications, such as osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease, and they should have their hormone levels monitored for a proper treatment plan.
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Your Age At Menopause Depends On A Lot Of Factors
Your health, genetics, and lifestyle all play a role in determining when you might reach menopause. For example,;research shows that;risk factors for;early menopause are not having children, starting menstruation early, smoking, and having high blood pressure and diabetes. On the flip side, having more education, a job, and even drinking alcohol seemed to delay the onset of menopause . But the age at which your mom went through menopause is perhaps one of the best predictors of when you might experience it.
You Get Hot Flashes Or Night Sweats
Low estrogen levels cause hot flashes or hot flushes. This is the most common symptom of menopause. According to the U.S. Office on Womens Health, as many as three out of four women have hot flashes. Hot flashes may happen at night and disrupt sleep. Due to the heavy sweating associated with hot flashes, these episodes are known as night sweats.
These symptoms can start during perimenopause when you still have your period. Hot flashes often stick around for around a year after your period stops but it varies from woman to woman.
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How Is Menopause Diagnosed
There are several ways your healthcare provider can diagnose menopause. The first is discussing your menstrual cycle over the last year. If you have gone a full year without a period, you may be postmenopausal. Another way your provider can check if you are going through menopause is a blood test that checks your follicle stimulating hormone level. FSH is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland this gland is located at the base of your brain. However, this test can be misleading during the beginning of menopause when your body is transitioning and your hormone levels are fluctuating up and down. Hormone testing always need to be interpreted in the context of what is happening with the menstrual period.
For many women, a blood test is not necessary. If you are having the symptoms of menopause and your periods have been irregular, talk to your healthcare provider. Your provider may be able to diagnose menopause after your conversation.
What Is Hormone Therapy
During menopause, your body goes through major hormonal changes, decreasing the amount of hormones it makes particularly estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen and progesterone are produced by the ovaries. When your ovaries no longer make enough estrogen and progesterone, hormone therapy can be used as a supplement. Hormone therapy boosts your hormone levels and can help relieve some symptoms of menopause. Its also used as a preventative measure for osteoporosis.
There are two main types of hormone therapy:
- Estrogen therapy : In this treatment, estrogen is taken alone. Its typically prescribed in a low dose and can be taken as a pill or patch. ET can also be given to you as a cream, vaginal ring, gel or spray. This type of treatment is used after a hysterectomy. Estrogen alone cant be used if a woman still has a uterus.
- Estrogen Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy : This treatment is also called combination therapy because it uses doses of estrogen and progesterone. Progesterone is available in its natural form, or also as a progestin . This type of hormone therapy is used if you still have your uterus.
Hormone therapy can relieve many of the symptoms of menopause, including:
- Hot flashes and night sweats.
- Vaginal dryness.
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Why You Might Be Asking: What Age Does Menopause Start
Your friends menopause started in her early 40s.
Your sisters periods didnt stop until she was in her mid-50s.
You know someone who went through menopause in her 30s.
Although the biological process is similar for all of us, the age that natural menopause starts is different for every woman, and can depend on factors like:
Menopause Age: 4 More Influences
Your mother’s age at menopause is a key factor, but not the only one. Here are four others to consider:
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