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What Is The Symptoms Of Menopausal Period

Oral Contraceptives And Vaginal Treatments

Early Perimenopause Symptoms /Perimenopause Periods Menopause / Menopause Treatment

Oral contraceptive pills

Oral contraceptive pills are another form of hormone therapy often prescribed for women in perimenopause to treat irregular vaginal bleeding. Women in the menopausal transition tend to have considerable breakthrough bleeding when given estrogen therapy. Therefore, oral contraceptives are often given to women in the menopause transition to regulate menstrual periods, relieve hot flashes, as well as to provide contraception. They are not recommended for women who have already reached menopause, because the dose of estrogen is higher than that needed to control hot flashes and other symptoms. The contraindications for oral contraceptives in women going through the menopause transition are the same as those for premenopausal women.

Local hormone and non-hormone treatments

There are also local hormonal treatments for the symptoms of vaginal estrogen deficiency. Local treatments include the vaginal estrogen ring , vaginal estrogen cream, or vaginal estrogen tablets. Local and oral estrogen treatments are sometimes combined for this purpose.

Vaginal moisturizing agents such as creams or lotions as well as the use of lubricants during intercourse are non-hormonal options for managing the discomfort of vaginal dryness.

Vaginal Lubricants For Menopause Symptoms

In women for whom oral or vaginal estrogens are deemed inappropriate, such as breast cancer survivors, or women who do not wish to take oral or vaginal estrogen, there are varieties of over-the-counter vaginal lubricants. However, they are probably not as effective in relieving vaginal symptoms as replacing the estrogen deficiency with oral or local estrogen.

My Periods Have Changed Is Menopause Around The Corner

An ob-gyn explains the course of perimenopause.

    Its a common scene in any ob-gyn practice: A patient comes in, concerned that her periods have changed. Whats going on? she asks. Is this menopause?

    If youre a woman in your 40s, a change in your menstrual periods is the hallmark of perimenopause thats what we call the years leading up to your last menstrual period.

    Heres a look at how we diagnose perimenopause and menopause, and what else to expect as you enter this phase of life.

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    What Hormonal Changes Happen During Menopause

    The traditional changes we think of as “menopause” happen when your ovaries no longer produce high levels of hormones. The ovaries are the reproductive glands that store eggs and release them into the fallopian tubes. They also produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone as well as testosterone. Together, estrogen and progesterone control menstruation. Estrogen also influences how your body uses calcium and maintains cholesterol levels in the blood.

    As menopause nears, your ovaries no longer release eggs into the fallopian tubes, and youll have your last menstrual cycle.

    How Does Natural Menopause Occur

    Pin on Menopause

    Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For people undergoing natural menopause, the process is gradual and is described in three stages:

    Perimenopause or “menopause transition”: Perimenopause can begin eight to 10 years before menopause when the ovaries gradually produce less estrogen. It usually starts when you’re in your 40s. Perimenopause lasts up until menopause, the point when the ovaries stop releasing eggs. In the last one to two years of perimenopause, the drop in estrogen accelerates. At this stage, many people may experience menopause symptoms. But you are still having menstrual cycles during this time and can get pregnant.

    Menopause: Menopause is the point when you no longer have menstrual periods. At this stage, your ovaries have stopped releasing eggs and producing most of their estrogen. Menopause is diagnosed when you’ve gone without a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months.

    Postmenopause: This is the name given to the time after you have not had a period for an entire year . During this stage, menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes, may ease for many people. However, some people continue to experience menopausal symptoms for a decade or longer after the menopause transition. As a result of a lower level of estrogen, those in the postmenopausal phase are at increased risk for several health conditions, such as osteoporosis and heart disease.

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    Perimenopause: Rocky Road To Menopause

    What are the signs of perimenopause? You’re in your 40s, you wake up in a sweat at night, and your periods are erratic and often accompanied by heavy bleeding: Chances are, you’re going through perimenopause. Many women experience an array of symptoms as their hormones shift during the months or years leading up to menopause that is, the natural end of menstruation. Menopause is a point in time, but perimenopause is an extended transitional state. It’s also sometimes referred to as the menopausal transition, although technically, the transition ends 12 months earlier than perimenopause .

    Hormone Levels Fluctuate Leading To Menopause

    As you approach menopause, the production of female hormones by the ovaries starts to slow down. Hormone levels tend to fluctuate, and you may notice changes in your menstrual cycle such as:

    • period cycles may become longer, shorter or totally irregular
    • bleeding may become lighter
    • bleeding may become unpredictable and heavy .

    Eventually, your hormone levels will fall to a point where your ovaries stop releasing eggs, your periods stop and menopause is reached.Although fertility after the age of 45 is low, you still need to use contraception to prevent pregnancy. Its recommended to continue contraception until you have had one year without a natural period if youre over 50 years old, or two years without a natural period if youre under 50.

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    What Happens At Menopause

    Women are born with about a million eggs in each ovary. By puberty about 300,000 eggs remain, and by menopause there are no active eggs left.

    On average, a woman in Australia will have 400-500 periods in her lifetime. From about 35-40 years of age, the number of eggs left in your ovaries decreases more quickly and you ovulate less regularly until your periods stop. Menopause means the end of ovulation.

    What Are The 34 Symptoms Of Menopause

    What is the menopause?

    Haley Fritz

    Banafsheh Kashani

    MD, FACOG

    When you think of a woman going through menopause, you might think of symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness, or mood swings.

    These symptoms receive a lot of attention due to the fact that there are over-the-counter and prescription drug remedies designed especially to target them. However, the symptoms of menopause are actually far more complex than these companies let on!

    In total, there are 34 different symptoms that can be attributed to menopause. A woman going through menopause might experience some or all of these symptoms, ranging from mild to severe.

    Read on to learn more about the menopause process and how it might affect a womans health and well-being.

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    When To See A Doctor

    At the onset of perimenopause, a person may wish to schedule regular doctor visits for preventive healthcare.

    Around perimenopause, doctors may recommend certain health screenings that sometimes include a colonoscopy, mammogram, and blood tests.

    An individual should not hesitate to seek a doctors care and advice to deal with disruptive menopausal symptoms. If vaginal bleeding occurs after menopause, a person should also seek medical attention.

    Menopause Symptom: Memory Problems

    You might become forgetful or have trouble focusing. As many as two-thirds of women going through perimenopause say they have problems with memory or trouble focusing.10 Menopausal hormone therapy does not treat or prevent memory loss or brain diseases, including dementia and Alzheimers disease. In a recent study, memory problems were linked to depression and loss of sleep but not to levels of the hormone estrogen.10

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    When Does Menopause Begin And How Long Does It Last

    Most women first begin developing menopause symptoms about four years before their last period. Symptoms often continue until about four years after a womans last period.

    A small number of women experience menopause symptoms for up to a decade before menopause actually occurs, and 1 in 10 women experience menopausal symptoms for 12 years following their last period.

    The median age for menopause is 51, though it may occur on average up to two years earlier for Black and Latina women. More studies are needed to understand the onset of menopause for women of color.

    There are many factors that help determine when youll begin menopause, including genetics and ovary health. Perimenopause occurs before menopause. Perimenopause is a time when your hormones begin to change in preparation for menopause.

    It can last anywhere from a few months to several years. Many women begin perimenopause some point after their mid-40s. Other women skip perimenopause and enter menopause suddenly.

    About 1 percent of women begin menopause before the age of 40, which is called premature menopause or primary ovarian insufficiency. About 5 percent of women undergo menopause between the ages of 40 and 45. This is referred to as early menopause.

    What Is The Average Age A Woman Stops Menstruating

    What Are the Symptoms of Menopause

    The average age of menopause among US women is 51. Most women stop menstruation completely around 4 years after their periods become irregular. Certain factors can increase your risk of early menopause, such as genetics, smoking, type 1 diabetes, a family history of early menopause, and shorter cycles during your youth.

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    Facts You Should Know About Menopause

    • Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 12 months. It is the time in a woman’s life when the function of the ovaries ceases.
    • The process of menopause does not occur overnight, but rather is a gradual process. This so-called perimenopausal transition period is a different experience for each woman.
    • The average age of menopause is 51 years old, but menopause may occur as early as the 30s or as late as the 60s. There is no reliable lab test to predict when a woman will experience menopause.
    • The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is not related to the age of menopause onset.
    • Symptoms of menopause can include abnormal vaginal bleeding, hot flashes, vaginal and urinary symptoms, and mood changes.
    • Complications that women may develop after menopause include osteoporosis and heart disease.
    • Treatments for menopause are customized for each woman.
    • Treatments are directed toward alleviating uncomfortable or distressing symptoms.

    How Can I Treat The Symptoms

    There are a bunch of ways.

    Lifestyle changes. A healthy diet and regular exercise program will help manage your symptoms and boost your health. This is a great time to finally kick any old, unhealthy habits like smoking or drinking too much alcohol. To help with hot flashes, dress lightly and in layers. Avoid triggers like caffeine and spicy foods. And if you stay sexually active, that may help preserve your vaginal lining.

    Prescription medication for hot flashes. If you still have your uterus, your doctor might prescribe treatment with estrogen and progesterone. This is called combination hormone therapy or hormone replacement therapy . It helps with hot flashes and night sweats, and it may help prevent osteoporosis. If you donât have a uterus, you might get estrogen alone.

    Hormone therapy isnât for everyone. Donât take it if you’ve ever had breast cancer, uterine or “endometrial” cancer, blood clots, liver disease, or a stroke. Also don’t take it if you might be pregnant or you have undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.

    If you can’t or don’t want to take hormones, other medications can ease symptoms. They include antidepressants, antiseizure drugs, or blood pressure medications to help with hot flashes and mood swings.

    Prescription and OTC medication for vaginal dryness and sleep problems. You can try topical estrogen, lubricants, and non-estrogen prescriptions for dryness and painful sex. OTC or prescription sleep aids can help if you have trouble falling asleep.

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    Understand Your Bodys Changes At Menopause

    It is important to understand the changes your body is going through before, during and after menopause. There are many different sources of information available. Make sure you seek out reputable websites and brochures that provide up-to-date, non-biased information from organisations that specialise in womens health.

    Some examples include:

    Does The Age My Mother Reached Menopause Mean Anything

    What is Perimenopause?

    Most likely your moms age at menopause will provide a clue. When we look at the things that are the greatest determinants for when someone is going to go through menopause, genetics seems to be one of the most important things, says Streicher.

    A womans race or ethnicity can influence when she goes through menopause, too, she says. Findings from the Study of Womens Health Across the Nation indicate that women of color tend to begin perimenopause and menopause at earlier ages than white women.

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    The question I always ask women when they ask when theyre going to go through menopause is, When did your mom go through menopause? because that is very often predictive, says Streicher.

    Theres a lot of truth in that. You may follow what happened with your mother if she went through menopause early or late, you may, too, she says.

    Certain medical conditions such as autoimmune problems, issues, and can make a woman go through menopause earlier, adds Streicher.

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    Do All Menopausal People Experience A Decrease In Sexual Desire

    Not all people experience a decreased sexual desire. In some cases, its just the opposite. This could be because theres no longer any fear of getting pregnant. For many, this allows them to enjoy sex without worrying about family planning.

    However, it’s still important to use protection during sex if not in a monogamous relationship. Once your doctor makes the diagnosis of menopause, you can no longer become pregnant. However, when you are in the menopause transition , you can still become pregnant. You also need to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections by wearing a condom. You can get an STI at any time in your life . STIs like HPV can lead to cervical cancer.

    Keeping An Active Sex Life

    Menopause can reduce a persons sex drive and lead to vaginal dryness, but it also removes the need for birth control. For some, this can make sex more enjoyable.

    Having sex often can increase vaginal blood flow and help keep the tissues healthy.

    Some tips for maintaining sexual health and activity during menopause include:

    • staying physically active
    • avoiding tobacco products, recreational drugs, and alcohol
    • taking the time to become aroused, which will improve lubrication
    • doing Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor
    • not using any strong soaps around the vagina, as these can worsen irritation

    Also, menopause symptoms lead some people to find satisfying forms of sex that do not involve the vagina as much or at all.

    It is worth remembering that, while a woman cannot become pregnant once menopause starts, it is still important to use barrier protection during penetrative sex to protect against sexually transmitted infections.

    Often, sexual partners will be getting older and may be experiencing menopause at the same time. They, too, may be feeling a drop in sex drive. Opening up about any concerns can help both partners feel better and explore new forms of intimacy.

    Menopause is a stage in life, not an illness. Most women experience natural menopause during midlife. However, surgery and other factors can cause menopause to start earlier.

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    What Other Life Changes Affect Menopause

    Menopause can be a rough time. In addition to the symptoms that may be tough to deal with, a lot of stressful life changes can happen around the same time as perimenopause and menopause.

    Some changes you may go through during this time in your life include:

    • anxiety about illness, aging, and death

    • anxiety about the future, getting older, and losing independence

    • anxiety about being disabled

    • changes in family, social, and personal relationships

    • changes in identity or body image

    • children leaving home

    • getting divorced or losing a partner

    • having a partner become ill or disabled

    • more responsibility for grandchildren

    Menopause And Mental Health

    Your Ultimate Guide to Menopause and Your Bones

    Many women experience symptoms of anxiety, loss of confidence, brain fog and other symptoms relating to their mental health during menopause.

    These psychological symptoms are a result of the changes happening to your body and can have a big impact on your life.

    Sometimes these symptoms are not recognised as menopause symptoms, but if you know what to expect, it can help you decide on what to do to manage the symptoms and feelings you are experiencing.

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    When Are You Actually In Menopause How Is Menopause Calculated Defined Or Diagnosed

    Menopause is defined as taking place 1 year after a woman’s last period. Once you have had a consecutive 12 months with no period you are officially declared to be in the menopause – congratulations! So you can find yourself putting the clock back to zero a few times if your period returns after a few months break.

    Some women have a period even after a 1-year break with no period. So you see why menopause can drive some women crazy – it’s so different and unpredictable!

    What Are Common Menopause Symptoms

    Some common menopause symptoms are:

    • Irregular periods: Periods becoming shorter, longer, heavier, lighter. Skipping periods.

    • Hot flashes: A hot flash is a sudden, sometimes intense feeling of heat that rushes to your face and upper body. Hot flashes can be really uncomfortable, but they usually only last a few minutes. They can happen a few times a day, a few times a week, or a few times a month.

    • Night sweats: Hot flashes that wake you up in the middle of the night.

    • Sleep problems: You may have insomnia trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. You may also start to wake up much earlier than you used to.

    • Vaginal changes: The lining of your vagina may become thinner, drier, or less stretchy. This can cause dryness or discomfort during sex.

    • Urinary or bladder infections: You may have to pee more often or get more frequent urinary tract or bladder infections.

    • Mood changes: Hormone changes can make you feel anxious, irritable, and tired. Your sex drive might change, too.

    • Weaker bones: Your bones will probably weaken during menopause. If its really bad, it can lead to osteoporosis after menopause. Getting plenty of calcium and vitamin D, and exercising for at least 30 minutes most days of the week can help you maintain bone health.

    Some people may have a long and difficult perimenopause, up to 1012 years. But most people find that the common menopause symptoms are temporary and only last 35 years.

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