What Is The Plural Of Menopause
The noun menopause can be countable or uncountable.
In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be menopause.
However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be menopauses e.g. in reference to various types of menopausesor a collection of menopauses.
|As us female baby-boomers trail into middle age and beyond, there will be a lot more discussion about menopause.|
|I wondered if I was starting the menopause, but decided that I was too young.|
|Smokers and childless women are known to go through the menopause at a younger age than other women.|
|Women around the age of 50 are usually considered to be past their menopause if menstruation has not occurred for a year.|
|Women who start menstruating early in life or who have a late menopause have an increased risk of developing breast cancer.|
What Are The Symptoms Of Menopause
You may be transitioning into menopause if you begin experiencing some or all of the following symptoms:
- Hot flashes .
- Night sweats and/or cold flashes.
These symptoms can be a sign that the ovaries are producing less estrogen, or a sign of increased fluctuation in hormone levels. Not all women get all of these symptoms. However, women affected with new symptoms of racing heart, urinary changes, headaches, or other new medical problems should see a doctor to make sure there is no other cause for these symptoms.
Do I Need To Go To My Healthcare Provider For A Perimenopause Diagnosis
You dont always need to see a healthcare provider for a perimenopause diagnosis. Many women notice and tolerate the changes in their bodies without a formal diagnosis. If you have symptoms that interfere with your daily activities, see a healthcare provider.
You should reach out to your healthcare provider right away if you have:
- Blood clots in menstrual discharge.
- Spotting between periods.
- Emotional symptoms interfering with your ability to function on a daily basis.
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What Is A Hot Flash
It’s a sudden feeling of heat and sometimes a red, flushed face and sweating. We don’t know exactly what causes them, but they may be related to changes in circulation.
A hot flush is a hot flash plus redness in your face and neck.
What Happens During Menopause
Natural menopause isnât caused by any type of medical or surgical treatment. Itâs slow and has three stages:
- Perimenopause. This phase usually begins several years before menopause, when your ovaries slowly make less estrogen. Perimenopause lasts until menopause, the point at which your ovaries stop releasing eggs. In the last 1 to 2 years of this stage, estrogen levels fall faster. Many women have menopause symptoms.
- Menopause. This is when it’s been a year since you had a period. Your ovaries have stopped releasing eggs and making most of their estrogen.
- Postmenopause. These are the years after menopause. Menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes usually ease. But health risks related to the loss of estrogen increase as you get older.
Is Having A Hard Time Concentrating And Being Forgetful A Normal Part Of Menopause
Unfortunately, concentration and minor memory problems can be a normal part of menopause. Though this doesnt happen to everyone, it can happen. Doctors arent sure why this happens. If youre having memory problems during menopause, call your healthcare provider. There are several activities that have been shown to stimulate the brain and help rejuvenate your memory. These activities can include:
- Doing crossword puzzles and other mentally stimulating activities like reading and doing math problems.
- Cutting back on passive activities like watching TV.
- Getting plenty of exercise.
Keep in mind that depression and anxiety can also impact your memory. These conditions can be linked to menopause.
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- Menopausal symptoms can be managed with education, lifestyle changes, support and hormone replacement therapy , also known as menopausal hormone therapy .
- In the early postmenopausal years, HRT is an effective therapy for menopausal symptoms. In most women with moderate to severe symptoms, the benefits outweigh the small increases in risk.
- The long-term use of HRT has some benefits, but also has some risks.
- The current role of HRT is for menopausal symptom relief, at the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration required for the control of bothersome menopausal symptoms.
- The decision to use HRT, and for how long it should be used, must be based on individual assessment and needs.
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Can Menopause Cause Facial Hair Growth
Yes, increased facial hair growth can be a change related to menopause. The hormonal change your body goes through during menopause can result in several physical changes to your body, including more facial hair than you may have had in the past. If facial hair becomes a problem for you, waxing or using other hair removers may be options. Talk to your healthcare provider about your options to make sure you dont pick a product that could harm your skin.
Recommendations For Future Research
More high-quality RCTs are needed for each CAM intervention. Among herbal products , RCTs of standardized preparations given in consistent methods would allow for more systematic reviews and meta-analyses of these interventions. Hypnosis is a mind-body intervention that has been shown to reduce the frequency and bothersomeness of menopausal symptoms. Future research is needed to determine optimal delivery of effective self-hypnosis training in order to achieve wider dissemination. In addition, the use of standardized protocols for other CAM interventions would allow for the pooling of results for meta-analyses. Researchers should consider potential mechanisms action in regard to improvements in VMS and other menopausal symptoms. Higher quality studies with larger populations are needed to determine efficacy and safety among all reviewed CAM interventions for menopausal symptoms.
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Venous Thrombosis And Hrt
Venous thromboses are blood clots that form inside veins. Women under 50 years of age, and women aged 50 to 60, face an increased risk of venous thrombosis if they take oral HRT. The increase in risk seems to be highest in the first year or two of therapy and in women who already have a high risk of blood clots. This especially applies to women who have a genetic predisposition to developing thrombosis, who would normally not be advised to use HRT.
Limited research to date suggests the increased risk of clots is mainly related to combined oestrogen and progestogen in oral form, and also depends on the type of progestogen used. Some studies suggest a lower risk with non-oral therapy or tibolone.
Menopause Symptoms And Hrt
Menopause symptoms that may be relieved by HRT include:
- hot flushes and night sweats
- vaginal dryness
- hair loss or abnormal hair growth
- dry and itchy eyes.
Other therapies, including vaginal oestrogen products, antidepressants or other medications, may be used depending on the symptoms and risk factors. Seek advice from your doctor.
Society And Public Perception
, now a of , was a that marketed the HRT products Premarin and Prempro . In 2009, involving Wyeth resulted in the release of 1,500 documents that revealed practices concerning its promotion of these medications. The documents showed that Wyeth commissioned dozens of and commentaries that were published in in order to promote unproven benefits of its HRT products, downplay their harms and risks, and cast competing therapies in a negative light. Starting in the mid-1990s and continuing for over a decade, Wyeth pursued an aggressive “publication plan” strategy to promote its HRT products through the use of ghostwritten publications. It worked mainly with DesignWrite, a medical writing firm. Between 1998 and 2005, Wyeth had 26 papers promoting its HRT products published in scientific journals.
According to Fugh-Berman , “Today, despite definitive scientific data to the contrary, many gynecologists still believe that the benefits of outweigh the risks in asymptomatic women. This non-evidenceâbased perception may be the result of decades of carefully orchestrated corporate influence on medical literature.” As many as 50% of physicians have expressed skepticism about large trials like the WHI and HERS. The positive perceptions of many physicians of HRT in spite of large trials showing risks that potentially outweigh any benefits may be due to the efforts of pharmaceutical companies like Wyeth.
Is Estrogen Therapy A Good Treatment For Me
For many women, estrogen therapy relieves symptoms of vaginal dryness, night sweats and hot flashes. It can also reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
Hormone therapy has fewer risks for younger women. In general, healthcare providers recommend that women who opt to use hormone therapy start it within 10 years of beginning menopause symptoms and use it for less than five years.
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Can You Prevent Menopause Belly
There are also preventive steps you can take to limit how much menopause affects your body shape. Keep in mind that genetics and your prior health history play a role in how menopause affects your body, so these steps might not completely prevent some menopause belly bulge.
- Maintain an active lifestyle. If you are able to be active 3 to 4 times per week, consistently elevate your heart rate, and/or participate in strength training, you may find that you experience fewer menopausal symptoms as your estrogen levels decline.
- Consider quitting smoking. If you smoke and have put off quitting in the past, menopause is a great time to reconsider doing it. As you age, the health effects of smoking continue to increase. If you quit smoking, you may find you have higher energy levels and are more motivated to take care of your body.
- Talk with a doctor about your specific health concerns.Menopause is typically an indicator that youre going to need to take care of your body a little differently and that you may have different health concerns going forward. Adjust your mindset to steward your body as well as you can during the years to come.
Are There Nonhormonal Options For The Management Of Menopausal Symptoms
Hormone therapy may not be the right choice for you. Some medical conditions may prevent you from safely being able to use hormone therapy or you may choose not to use that form of treatment for your own personal reasons. Changes to your lifestyle may help you relieve many of your symptoms without need for hormonal intervention.
Lifestyle changes may include:
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Does Menopause Age Your Face
Menopause face is a real thing. When we go through menopause stages, our faces begin to change in a variety of ways.
Some women will experience 1-2 symptoms, some women will experience 3-4 symptoms, and even still, some women will experience all the symptoms.
Menopause face can lead to loss of collagen, an increase in loose skin, production of wrinkles, thinning of the skin, dry skin, facial flushing, hyperpigmentation and age spots, bags under the eyes, and increased sun damage.
Thats why its important for us to stay on top of these symptoms.
Its important for us to take menopause supplements that increase collagen production. Its important for us to moisturize appropriately to minimize loose skin, thin skin, dry skin, and wrinkles. But above all, its important for us to know what were about to potentially face.
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How Can You Treat Menopausal Symptoms
The remedies with the most robust clinical data are pharmacological remedies such as hormone replacement therapy. These are among the remedies that have been shown to be the most efficacious in mitigating postmenopausal symptoms. For women who cant take hormones or simply prefer not to, there are other non-hormonal medications that have been shown to help with menopause symptoms such as gabapentin and antidepressants, especially in the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor family.
For women suffering from vaginal dryness, vaginal hormonal therapy is an option, as are over-the-counter feminine moisturizers. Approximately 50-75% of women use complementary or alternative therapy to help with symptoms associated with menopause. We now have some evidence that cognitive-behavioral therapy and hypnosis are showing promising results for decreasing the quantity and severity of hot flashes.
Anecdotally, the patients most likely to thrive during this decade have been noted to engage in activities that support a holistic approach to health and wellness. Although there arent many clinical studies that can account for their efficacy, these activities can include yoga, exercise, acupuncture, mind-body-based therapy , and mindfulness practices.
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The History Of Menopause
An awareness of menopause can be traced all the way back to the ancient Greeks. In fact, the roots of the word can be found in Greek as wellmen, meaning month, which is related to the word moon, and pauein meaning to cease or stop. In other words, the time when a womans monthly cycle ends.
Of course, life spans were shorter back then, so theres not much information about menopausal women from those times. In fact, its estimated that in Ancient Greece, at least 50 percent of women died by the age of 34. Additionally, the ancients believed that women were inferior to men and that a womans value was based on fertility, so menopausal women were not the focus of much literature or study.
One thing we do know for certain is that menopause was considered a natural phenomenon until about the 18th century. Over the next 300 years, attitudes shifted, and medical practitioners began to view the phase of life as a disease. As a result, strange and even dangerous therapies to treat menopause evolved.
Why Does Menopause Happen
Natural menopause menopause that happens in your early 50s and is not caused by surgery or another medical condition is a normal part of aging. Menopause is defined as a complete year without menstrual bleeding, in the absence of any surgery or medical condition that may cause bleeding to artificially stop As you age, the reproductive cycle begins to slow down and prepares to stop. This cycle has been continuously functioning since puberty. As menopause nears, the ovaries make less of a hormone called estrogen. When this decrease occurs, your menstrual cycle starts to change. It can become irregular and then stop. Physical changes can also happen as your body adapts to different levels of hormones. The symptoms you experience during each stage of menopause are all part of your bodys adjustment to these changes.
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Will I Start Menopause If I Have A Hysterectomy
During a hysterectomy, your uterus is removed. You wont have a period after this procedure. However, if you kept your ovaries removal of your ovaries is called an oophorectomy you may not have symptoms of menopause right away. If your ovaries are also removed, you will have symptoms of menopause immediately.
Breast Cancer And Menopause
Estrogen therapy is known to benefit postmenopausal women in a multitude of ways, mostly through the relief of vasomotor symptoms associated with postmenopause. Estrogen is also beneficial for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Much controversy exists about the use of estrogen and breast cancer. Some studies show an increased risk of breast cancer with postmenopausal estrogen use others show a decrease. A possible link to cancer is also suggested by the finding that breast cancer risk is increased in women with an earlier age at menarche and a later age at menopause. However, a reduction in risk is observed with early age at pregnancy and the interruption of menstrual hormonal changes. The role of estrogen in the development of breast cancer continues to be studied.
In the Womens Health Initiative , the incidence of breast cancer increased in the estrogen-plus-progestin versus placebo arm of the study however, the incidence of breast cancer decreased in the estrogen-only versus placebo arm of the study .
Additional follow-up in patients from the WHI suggested similar results: Breast cancer incidence and mortality were increased in the estrogen-plus-progestin group as compared with the placebo group. The role of combined estrogen-plus-progesterone therapy continues to be puzzling in the development of breast cancer.
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How Do I Know If Changes In My Periods Are Normal Perimenopausal Symptoms Or Something To Be Concerned About
Irregular periods are common and normal during perimenopause . But other conditions can cause abnormalities in menstrual bleeding. If any of the following situations apply to you, see a doctor to rule out other causes.
- Your periods are changing to become very heavy, or accompanied by blood clots.
- Your periods last several days longer than usual.
- You spot or bleed after your period.
- You experience spotting after sex.
- Your periods occur closer together.
Potential causes of abnormal bleeding include hormonal imbalances, hormonal treatments, pregnancy, fibroids, blood-clotting problems or, rarely, cancer.