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What Does Early Menopause Look Like

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The beginnings of menopause typically start in womens late 30s when the ovaries begin to make less estrogen and progesterone. Many women begin to see changes in their menstrual cycle in their early 40s. It will be different from person to person.

Also bear in mind that for special circumstances like a hysterectomy, chemotherapy, premature ovarian failure, or other medical condition will bring on menopause sooner.

How Safe Is The Mmr Vaccine

The MMR vaccine is very safe and effective. A single dose of the vaccine provides long-lasting immunity. The most common adverse events following the MMR vaccine are pain where the vaccine is given, fever, a mild rash, and swollen glands in the cheeks or neck.

Despite concern in the popular press and among some parents, many carefully performed scientific studies have found no link between the MMR vaccine and autism. A concern of some parents is whether the MMR vaccine contains thimerosal, a mercury-based preservative used in some vaccines distributed in multi-dose vials. The MMR vaccines do not and never did contain thimerosal.

Very rarely, a child may have an allergic reaction to the MMR vaccine. Call your doctor immediately if your child has difficulty breathing, fatigue, loss of color, or wheezing after receiving the vaccine.

Children with minor illnesses, such as upper respiratory tract infections, may be immunized. Fever is not a contraindication to immunization, but if the child has a more serious illness, your pediatrician may advise delaying the vaccine until your child has recovered. Tell your childs pediatrician if your child:

  • Has had seizures in the past or has a parent or sibling who have suffered seizures.
  • Is currently taking medications that may affect his or her immune system.
  • Has a blood disorder.
  • Had a bad reaction to an earlier MMR dose or vaccine.

How Is Premature Menopause Early Menopause And Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Diagnosed

If you begin to have symptoms of menopause before the age of 40, your healthcare provider will do several tests and ask questions to help diagnose premature or early menopause. These tests can include:

  • Asking about the regularity of your menstrual periods.
  • Discussing your family history of menopause at an early age.
  • Testing your hormone levels .
  • Looking for other medical conditions that may be contributing to your symptoms.

Women who have not had a menstrual period for 12 straight months, and are not on any medication that could stop menstruation, may have gone through menopause.

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How Is Premature Menopause Treated

The symptoms and health risks of premature menopause, as well as the emotional issues that may result from it, can be managed with the methods similar to those used for natural menopause. Women dealing with infertility that is brought on by premature menopause may want to discuss their options with their doctor or with a reproductive specialist.

Emotional Impact Of Early Or Premature Menopause

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Premature menopause can be emotionally devastating. Some of the common issues women may face include:

  • grief at the prospect of not having children
  • fear of ‘growing old before their time’
  • concern that their partner wont find them sexually attractive anymore
  • self-esteem problems.

Psychological counselling and support groups may help women come to terms with their experience of early or premature menopause.

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What Are Premature Menopause Early Menopause And Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Premature menopause and early menopause are conditions where a woman goes through menopause at an earlier age than is typically expected. Both conditions can result in women being unable to become pregnant. If there is no obvious medical or surgical cause for the premature menopause, this is called primary ovarian insufficiency . Primary ovarian insufficiency is also referred to as premature ovarian insufficiency.

The name premature ovarian failure is no longer used because women who are told they have early menopause can have intermittent ovulation, menstrual bleeding or even pregnancy after being told they have ovarian failure.

What Are The Symptoms Of Perimenopause

During perimenopause, you can experience a variety of symptoms. The reason: Your ovaries have been making estrogen since your first period. During perimenopause, the estrogen production decreases substantially. Your body has to adjust to functioning with less of the hormone, putting you into estrogen withdrawals. The type and intensity of symptoms vary greatly among women some just feel a little off or don’t notice anything at all.

Others can experience perimenopausal symptoms including:

  • Trouble sleeping
  • Feeling irritable, anxious or depressed
  • Night sweats
  • Hot flashes

About 80 percent of women will experience some form of a hot flash during perimenopause or menopause. Hot flashes happen when your brain has trouble regulating your internal temperature, which is a common response to having less estrogen. The shift in temperature may not be noticeable. Or, it may feel like someone cranked up the thermostat on your core body temperature. You suddenly feel uncomfortably hot and sweaty, or you may wake up drenched in sweat .

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What Other Problems Can Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Cause

Since POI causes you to have lower levels of certain hormones, you are at greater risk for other health conditions, including

  • Anxiety and depression. Hormonal changes caused by POI can contribute to anxiety or lead to depression.
  • Dry eye syndrome and eye surface disease. Some women with POI have one of these eye conditions. Both can cause discomfort and may lead to blurred vision. If not treated, these conditions can cause permanent eye damage.
  • Heart disease. Lower levels of estrogen can affect the muscles lining the arteries and can increase the buildup of cholesterol in the arteries. These factors increase your risk of atherosclerosis .
  • Infertility.
  • Low thyroid function. This problem also is called hypothyroidism. The thyroid is a gland that makes hormones that control your body’s metabolism and energy level. Low levels thyroid hormones can affect your metabolism and can cause very low energy, mental sluggishness, and other symptoms.
  • Osteoporosis. The hormone estrogen helps keep bones strong. Without enough estrogen, women with POI often develop osteoporosis. It is a bone disease that causes weak, brittle bones that are more likely to break.

What Is Premature Menopause

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A woman who experiences menopausal symptoms as early as 40 can be said to be prematurely menopausal. On average, menopause comes when a woman hits the age of 50. Of course, this differs from one woman to another But for the sake of proper terminology, any number lower than 50 is considered early in menopausal terms.

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Who Is At Risk For Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Certain factors can raise a woman’s risk of POI:

  • Family history. Women who have a mother or sister with POI are more likely to have it.
  • Genes. Some changes to genes and genetic conditions put women at higher risk for POI. For example, women Fragile X syndrome or Turner syndrome are at higher risk.
  • Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Age. Younger women can get POI, but it becomes more common between the ages of 35-40.

What Is Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Primary ovarian insufficiency is a disorder that occurs when a womans ovaries stop functioning prematurely . In women with this condition, the ovaries stop producing eggs before age 40. The usual age for egg production to stop, known as menopause, is around 50.

When the ovaries stop functioning and stop producing eggs, they also no longer produce hormones including estrogen. Women with low estrogen levels are at an increased risk of certain health issues. Primary ovarian insufficiency is also known as premature ovarian failure. This diagnosis is currently called insufficiency rather than failure because the ovaries can intermittently function, begin releasing eggs, and even result in successful pregnancy.

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How Is Premature Menopause Diagnosed

To diagnose premature menopause, your doctor will most likely perform a physical exam and draw blood to rule out other conditions, such as pregnancy and thyroid disease. They may also order a test to measure your estradiol levels. Low levels of estradiol, a form of estrogen, can indicate that your ovaries are starting to fail. When estradiol levels are below 30, it may signal that you are in menopause.

However, the most important test used to diagnose premature menopause is a blood test that measures follicle stimulating hormone . FSH causes your ovaries to produce estrogen. When your ovaries slow down their production of estrogen, your levels of FSH increase. When your FSH levels rise above 40 mIU/mL, it usually indicates that you are in menopause.

Symptoms Of Premature And Early Menopause

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The symptoms of early menopause are the same as for menopause at the typical age and can include:

  • menstrual cycle changes, including changes to the usual bleeding pattern, particularly irregular bleeding
  • hot flushes
  • viral infections the evidence is inconclusive, but it is thought that a viral infection, such as mumps or cytomegalovirus, could trigger premature menopause in some women.
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    What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor

    If you have primary ovarian insufficiency, you may want to ask your doctor:

    • What tests do I need?
    • How will primary ovarian insufficiency affect my overall health and wellbeing?
    • Will I need to take hormone supplements? For how long?
    • Where can I find emotional support or counseling?
    • What is my best option for fertility ?

    What Are The Symptoms Of Menopause

    Symptoms of menopause vary from person to person, and each symptom itself can have different levels of intensity. Its also important to remember that menopause symptoms do not just show up as physical but emotional as well. Here is a general list of the array of symptoms any woman going through menopause may experience:

    • Irregular periods
    • Dry skin
    • Painful joints

    Health conditions like illness, hysterectomy, cancer treatments, or smoking can exacerbate some of these menopause symptoms. Also, every womans menopause experience is unique to her. One person may experience a large range of symptoms, while another might experience only two. Be sure to monitor your own changes in your body and try not to measure your own menopause experience against another woman. If you feel like something unusual is happening, you should always consult with your doctor.

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    Changes In Your Skin: Wrinkling And Loss Of Muscle Tone

    When your estrogen levels drop, your collagen production usually slows down as well. And, as youve probably heard, collagen has a role in keeping our skin toned, fresh-looking and resilient. So when you start running low on collagen, it shows in your skin. It gets thinner, drier, flakier and less youthful-looking.

    This is another of those symptoms of menopause that makes you feel older before your time and, in this case, its clear why. You may look a little older than you used to. Worst, this sign often shows up early in menopause. Like bone loss, which occurs rapidly in the first few years of menopause, collagen loss is most rapid at the beginning of menopause as well.

    According to studies, premature menopause leads to more rapid bone loss than menopause that occurs at the normal age so its possible that premature menopause also leads to more rapid collagen loss. The bottom line is, well, more lines on your face and before you expected them.

    How To Cope

    Since this change in your skin occurs because of low estrogen levels, when you increase your estrogen levels , you are likely to see an improvement. Other than this though, there isnt a lot you can do.

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    Q: I’m 39 years old and was diagnosed with premature menopause. What does this mean and what should I do?

    A: Menopause is considered to be premature if it occurs before the age of 40. You’re not alone, though approximately one percent of women have premature ovarian failure their ovaries run out of follicles before their time and consequently stop producing estrogen. Once there is no estrogen to stimulate the uterine lining, it doesnt get built up, there is nothing to slough, and menstruation ceases. The diagnosis of unable to work ovaries is made through a blood test that shows low levels of estrogen, and high levels of follicle stimulating hormone and lutenizing hormone . The pituitary secretes the latter two hormones. Their levels become high when the brain and pituitary are trying harder and harder to get the ovaries to produce estrogen, alas, to no avail.

    There are a number of reasons why premature menopause may occur:

    Autoimmune diseases Lupus, diabetes, kidney failure, and rheumatoid arthritis can predispose a woman to the destruction of her ovarian follicles and affect her ability to produce estrogen. Your doctor should make sure you don’t have these underlying diseases.

    Body radiation and certain chemotherapies for cancer can cause ovarian shut down. And of course women who have had both their ovaries removed during their reproductive years will undergo immediate menopause.

    Also Check: Early Menopause After Tubal Ligation

    Can I Still Get Pregnant After Being Diagnosed With Premature Menopause Early Menopause Or Primary/premature Ovarian Insufficiency

    Unless the ovaries have been surgically removed, it can be difficult to diagnose a woman younger than age 45 with menopause as opposed to primary ovarian insufficiency . Women with POI can have intermittent ovulation, which may or may not be accompanied by a menstrual bleed. Other women may be able to get pregnant through in vitro fertilization with egg donation. It is important to work with a fertility specialist to explore options.

    Options available to you will vary depending on whether you have interest in having children in the future. In some cases, fertility may be restored and pregnancy could be possible. Assisted reproductive technology , including in vitro fertilization might be considered.

    If you do not want to get pregnant while on hormone-replacement therapy, your doctor will talk to you about contraceptive options.

    Talk to your healthcare provider about possible causes of premature or early menopause and your questions regarding fertility.

    Are You Headed Toward Early Menopause

    There are many negative health consequences linked to early menopause, including a higher risk of osteoporosis and fracture, heart disease, cognitive impairment and dementia, and early death, says Dr. Faubion.

    If you have questions about when youll experience menopause and if you can do anything to change it, keep reading for answers.

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    Does The Age My Mother Reached Menopause Mean Anything

    Most likely your moms age at menopause will provide a clue. When we look at the things that are the greatest determinants for when someone is going to go through menopause, genetics seems to be one of the most important things, says Streicher.

    A womans race or ethnicity can influence when she goes through menopause, too, she says. Findings from the Study of Womens Health Across the Nation indicate that women of color tend to begin perimenopause and menopause at earlier ages than white women.

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    The question I always ask women when they ask when theyre going to go through menopause is, When did your mom go through menopause? because that is very often predictive, says Streicher.

    Theres a lot of truth in that. You may follow what happened with your mother if she went through menopause early or late, you may, too, she says.

    Certain medical conditions such as autoimmune problems, thyroid issues, and lupus can make a woman go through menopause earlier, adds Streicher.

    What It Feels Like To Go Through Early Menopause At 35

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    Hot flushes, night sweats, an aching sense of loss. Nia Fisher explains how it feels to go through early menopause

    Its a chilly winter night but Im lying in bed sweating, unable to sleep. Ive thrown my duvet aside and got rid of my pyjamas. Ive spritzed myself with water and turned my fan up high, but the heat is still intense, rising from my midriff towards my head in pulsating waves.

    When I first experienced this unsettling feeling, I didnt know what was going on. Yes, I knew that night sweats were a symptom of menopause, but I thought that only happened to women in their fifties. I was just 35, single and not sexually active, so when I missed a few periods I thought it was odd, but put it down to stress. As an actress appearing in a West End musical, my work schedule was intense, my dad was having treatment for cancer and I was packing to move house.

    I felt more emotional than usual, but it was the constant sweating that disturbed me, so eventually I went to see my GP, who recommended blood tests to measure my oestrogen levels and something called the follicle stimulating hormone in my body. Oestrogen is the most important hormone for regulating your cycle and is essential for reproduction, while FSH helps oestrogen production, so its crucial for fertility. If your level is too high, it can be because your ovaries are struggling to produce oestrogen and the body is working overtime to correct this, indicating youre approaching menopause.

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    What Is The Outlook For Children Who Get Mumps

    When mumps occurs in a child, most children recover fully within a few weeks. Your child can return to school when symptoms have improved and it has been about a week since the swelling started.

    When mumps occurs among adults, the illness is more likely to be severe. Pregnant women who get mumps have a higher rate of spontaneous abortion.

    Once a child has had mumps, it is very unlikely that he or she will get them again in his or her lifetime. The best way to ensure that your child is protected against mumps, however, is to make sure that your child’s immunizations are up to date.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 08/06/2018.



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