Hair Loss Or Androgenic Alopecia: How Does It Happen
Androgenetic alopecia is the term used to call the hair loss phenomenon that occurs in both men and women. Individuals may also experience temporary hair loss or shedding due to telogen effluvium, a disorder that is caused by different triggers like stress or shock. To better understand how female pattern and male pattern hair loss happens, lets look at the three important phases of hair growth:
- Anagen – During this first phase, the follicles will push and grow hair from the roots until it reaches its maximum length. This phase may last between 2 to 7 years.
- Catagen – This is usually a transition period where the hair follicles begin to shrink and the growth of new hair slows down. This typically marks the end of the anagen phase.
- Telogen – The hair cycle begins its resting period and sometimes hair shedding is common in this phase as the hair falls from its roots. It is also during this stage that new hairs grow inside the follicle to prepare for the new cycle of hair growth.
The entire hair growth cycle and the composition of the hair follicle are influenced by hormones. There are two main types of hormones: androgen and estrogen hormones. In male pattern baldness, androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone can affect the size of the hair follicle. Low testosterone and the presence of DHT may cause hair loss in men.
More Causes Of Hair Loss
Genetic predisposition, unusual stress levels, nutrient deficiencies and crash diets can also cause hair loss during menopause.
Hormone replacement therapy is also a common reason for hair loss during menopause. Some specific types of HRT contain progesterone, which you can find from testosterone. Instead of doing some good, this may even worsen the situation because it can affect hormone balance, even more, causing hair loss. Many experts say that although HRT with progesterone is a treatment option for hair loss, it should also be used cautiously.
Aside from all these, medication-induced hair loss is also common. Certain medications hasten the growing phase of the hair, causing them to mature and fall out sooner than expected. If youre taking these kinds of drug, you might want to consult with your pharmacist for alternative replacements.
- Birth control pills
Anti-epileptic medications cause a considerable amount of hair fall. Some studies even suggest that they can cause curling of the hair.
Aside from medications, therapeutic procedures such as chemotherapy and radiation may also cause hair loss. Chemotherapy kills cancer cells, but it also attacks other fast-growing cells in the body, like you hair roots. This is the reason why women going through chemotherapy lose their hair.
To know the exact cause of menopausal hair loss, a detailed medical history and some diagnostic tests can help determine risk factors.
How To Stop Menopausal Hair Loss
Forehanded care is the thing that will help you to save time and money. For some reason, most women neglect the fact that is better to prevent symptoms of menopause and hair loss than deal with them after.
So, for your convenience, here is a list of recommendations for you to follow regularly to prevent this sign.
- Buy professional scrubs. Why professional against menopausal hair loss? Because they are of natural and herbal composition. If you know how to do them on your own, so look for raw materials and mix your unique formula. Keep in mind, scrubs help to stimulate the blood flow to the follicles, and within some time you notice new hair. But, do not scrub too much because you will receive an inverse effect
- Do not wash it too often. Once you do it every day, your hair can get used to such care. If the next day you decide to skip this ritual, wait for some greasiness. If possible, finish this procedure with vinegar rinsing. One spoon on one liter is more than enough. It will help to make it shining and fresh for long
- No hairdryer. Remember menopause and hair loss do not like it. First off, it may provoke hot flashes and dryness of hair. The same concerns hair straightener. However, in case you urgently need to use it, do not forget to spray hair heat protection
- Take a look at your meals. More fruits and vitamins to prevent menopausal hair loss
If nothing helps, you have to visit a trichologist who knows how to deal with ladies who have menopause and hair loss.
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An Overview Of Menopause
Menopause is officially diagnosed in women after they have not experienced a menstrual period for more than one year. The age women experience it varies, but the average age in the U.S. is 51. You will experience many symptoms during menopause, which are caused by a decreased production of estrogen and progesterone in your ovaries.
In the months or years leading up to menopause , you might experience these signs and symptoms:
- Irregular periods
- Weight gain and slowed metabolism
- Thinning hair and dry skin
- Loss of breast fullness
While menopause is inevitable, there are ways to manage symptoms. To learn more about menopause, visit the Mayo Clinic website.
While all of the symptoms caused by menopause can be difficult to deal with, Dr. Dy specializes in treating women who experience hair loss.
Hair Transplantation May Be An Option For Some Women With Hair Loss
Women who are more distressed by their hair loss or have more significant hair loss may consider hair transplantation, says Bruce. This is an expensive and somewhat invasive procedure. Youre taking hair from a donor site, typically at the back of the scalp, and then redistributing those hair follicles to areas where the hair is thinner, she says.
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Is Hair Loss Genetic
Hair loss during menopause can happen as a result of a combination of things, especially as you age: genetics, stress, side effects from a new medication, diet, and the simple fact that our hair gets finer as we get older. Your doctor can help you rule out other potential causes, like hyperthyroidism.
Female pattern hair loss, or androgenetic alopecia, is the most common kind of hair loss in women. Androgenetic alopecia happens as the result of a genetically predetermined shorter growth phase. So after you shed hair naturally , alopecia simply slows down your hairs regrowth. The hair follicles shrink, resulting in thinning hair.
Menopause And Hair Loss: Whats The Connection
When entering the years of menopausal transition, it is a good idea to check the bodys hormone levels. This can help explain symptoms such as hair loss.
When a person experiences hair loss and other symptoms of menopause, it is predominantly due to hormonal changes. With age, the ovaries begin to decrease the amount of sex hormones that are normally produced. As the body responds to the fluctuations in hormones, numerous physical changes occur. Menopausal hair loss is directly related to the decreased production of estrogen and progesterone.
As these hormone levels drop, hair may begin to grow more slowly and become thinner. Over time, the decrease in estrogen and progesterone causes an increase in the activity of male hormones that the body makes. Androgens cause the hair follicles on the head to shrink, which leads to hair loss. These are the same hormones that are responsible for increased facial hair growth in menopausal people.
Among other factors that contribute to hair loss are lack of nutrients, stress, and illness. A health care provider may suggest tests for basic blood count, thyroid function, or hormone levels to identify the cause of hair loss.
Talk To Your Doctor About Cortisone Shots Or Acupuncture For Perimenopause Hair Loss
The data is inconclusive as to whether or not cortisone shots actually work at re-growing hair, but I do know one woman who gets them frequently and says they have really helped her. Cortisone shots are given at the scalp, and the Mayo Clinic suggests they should not be given more often than every six weeks.
While I know of some women who have had luck with acupuncture for hair loss, the British Acupuncture Society states that there is no evidence that acupuncture can treat hair loss as a specific symptom however, it might help with the underlying problem.
What Age Does Menopause Start
While the average age is 51, the majority will go through menopause between the ages of 40 and 58. Theres a transition period, called perimenopause, where you may have menopause symptoms but still have a menstrual cycle. Perimenopausal symptoms can start up to 10 years before the menstrual cycle stops.
Premature menopause occurs before the age of 40. Those who undergo premature menopause may benefit from hormone replacement therapy to help prevent cardiovascular disease and protect bone health.
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Correct The Underlying Hormonal Imbalance
If your difficulty sleeping started – or got WORSE – during menopause… It might be due to hormonal changes and imbalance.
If you can correct that underlying hormonal imbalance… Your sleep can improve to the point where you no longer need to worry nearly as much about good sleep habits, because when you lie down, you sleep.
There’s not always a quick fix for this, but I help women with this all the time. It’s possible.
I’m so passionate about helping you to quickly and easily start using herbs for sleep, hormonal balance, and, yes, hair loss – that I hope you’ll take advantage of my free herbal masterclass while it’s available and FREE.
Estrogen Progesterone And Androgens
Estrogen and progesterone hormones keep your hair in the growing phase the longer the growing phase, the longer and healthier your hair can grow. When your levels of estrogen drop, the growth cycle of your hair shortens and hairs shed before it reaches its maximum length.
A decrease in estrogen and progesterone also triggers an increase in the production of androgens, or a group of male hormones. Androgens do not decrease your number of scalp hairs they miniaturize the hair bulbs, causing a reduction in the volume or body of your hair overall. So, your hair may not be falling out more or failing to grow back, but the hairs growing in to replace the lost ones are thinner and weaker.
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Sun Protection Is A Must
No matter what your skin challenges are, sunscreen is your friend. Slather it on every day, all year round. Sun protection can ward off signs of aging and prevent skin cancer.
Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen thats SPF 30 or higher. Choose one you like so youll be more likely to apply it every morning. If youre going to be outside, reapply every two hours or after swimming, sweating or toweling off.
The suns rays age your skin and increase the risk of skin cancer, Dr. Williams says. Even in the winter, UV rays penetrate the clouds.
Hair Loss Due To Hormones: Will It Grow Back
Hair loss due to hormones is a reality for many people after menopause as well as during pregnancy. But will it grow back? The answer is yes, but there are also things that can help the body along.
Wash hair regularly with a mild shampoo. Treat hair gently. Dont comb or brush hair when its wet. Using the fingers to detangle is a gentler option. Putting hair up in a tight bun or ponytail can cause added stress on the hair and its follicles.
Finally, try to limit the use of hair dryers or irons on hair, as they can dry and damage it.
Here are five tips to prevent hair loss during the menopausal transition and after menopause:
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How Hormone Replacement Treatment Affects Your Hair
Most of us have heard about hot flashes and mood changes during menopause, but what about hair thinning? Many women experience hair loss during menopause, but hormone replacement treatment may be able to help. Thinning hair during menopause can seriously affect your sense of well-being and your self-esteem. However, youre not alone with menopausal hair loss. An estimated 21 million women in the U. S. will experience hair loss at some point in their lives, many of them during and after menopause. Our providers can help you determine underlying causes of hair thinning during menopause and help you find personalized treatment plans to help you feel better.
Hormone replacement treatment can help improve your quality of life during menopause.
What Role Does Hormone Replacement Treatment Play In Hair Thinning During Menopause
Hormone replacement treatment during menopause may help with thinning hair if its related to hormone changes. Our provider may prescribe estrogen replacement therapy to help bring your hormones back into balance and back up to healthy baseline levels if you have low estrogen during menopause. This may help your hair in a few ways.
First, as we learned, estrogen plays a significant role during hair growth. Increasing estrogen levels during hormone replacement treatment may help your hair stay in the growing phase for longer than it would without hormone injections. It can also help your body keep testosterone levels in balance to help reduce the shrinking effects testosterone can have on hair follicles. In addition, some studies show that if you start hormone imbalance treatment early on for menopause symptoms, it may help you maintain your current hair density. This can help you reduce how much hair you lose throughout the course of menopause.
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Finding The Root Cause Of Hair Loss Is Important
If youre bothered by your thinning hair or hair loss, a visit to your primary care doctor is a great place to start, says Bruce. Its likely that female pattern hair loss is probably the cause, but a clinical examination can confirm this, she says.
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If the hair loss doesnt follow the typical appearance of female pattern hair loss, your doctor will likely perform a few tests to explore potential causes.
- A complete blood count test is used to evaluate overall health and can detect many conditions, including anemia, which can cause hair loss.
- Thyroid function tests can reveal thyroid issues that may be related to thinning hair.
- A dietary assessment, or a discussion of what you eat, can determine whether you have a normal healthy diet and any vitamin deficiencies.
- Autoimmune inflammation Your doctor may investigate conditions related to inflammation in the scalp, including autoimmune diseases, which can be associated with hair loss, says Bruce.
- A hormone test may be performed, though a hormone imbalance is rarely the culprit in hair loss, says Faubion.
What Is Female Pattern Hair Loss
The most common type of hair loss in women is called androgenetic alopecia, or female pattern hair loss . Hair follicles shrink, causing the hair to become thinner and finer, with decreased numbers of hairs overall. The hairs growing phase also gets shorter and fewer hairs are in the active growing phase.
Usually in female pattern hair loss, the frontal hairline stays about the same, but there can be a widening of the part and a central thinning of the hair, says Alison Bruce, MBChB, a dermatologist at Mayo Clinic. Dr. Bruce presented information on common causes of midlife hair loss and new therapy options at the North American Medical Society Annual Meeting in Washington, DC, held September 2225, 2021.
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Stress Levels Hormones And Thinning Hair
It turns out high stress levels lead to high stress hormone levels, which wreak havoc with your already struggling female hormones during menopause – ending up as one of the MAJOR CAUSES of hair loss in some women during menopause.
If you’re the mellowest person on your block and just don’t tend to stress about anything – you can probably skip this section.
If stress, however, is something you feel on a regular basis – and especially if it’s become more intense during menopause – and you really want to reverse thinning hair…
Commit right now to reducing stress. I can help make it easier than you expect.
Reducing stress is a two part process.
Part 1: Yes, of course. Meditation, breathing, yoga, exercise, mindfulness, prayer, relaxation… In other words – cultivating a life, thoughts, and practices that help you let go of getting more stressed than necessary day in and day out.
Part 2: But you know what? You can meditate 3 HOURS A DAY and if your stress hormone are raging because of hormonal changes caused by menopause??? Even 3 hours a day of meditation won’t help that much.
I’ve helped SO MANY women rebalance hormones – and then all of a sudden… They could think clearly, they felt like themselves again, and everything was just more – figureoutable. And it was easier to take a few deep breaths and actually feel the stress melting away.
Here’s what it feels like to me
So YES – make stress management a priority. Do something every day to actively reduce stress levels
Things Women Should Know About Menopause And Hair Loss
Women expect hot flashes and mood swings to occur during “the change,” but many women are unaware and unprepared for the fact that they may also find themselves facing hair loss and thinning during this time as well. After menopause, about 40 percent of women experience hair thinning, which is almost the same rate as men. But if this is true, why don’t we see bald women on the street? Unlike male pattern hair loss, hereditary hair loss in women is usually a lot subtler and it can be easy to miss the early warning signs. Women tend to experience thinning over a wide area of scalp, and for many, the first signs and symptoms may come in the form of a smaller ponytail, a wider part line or excessive shedding during brushing and showering.
Hair loss before, during or after menopause — as well as after childbirth — is commonly attributed to hormonal changes. And while most physicians agree that replacing these hormones can alleviate many of the other troubling symptoms of menopause, unfortunately, hormone replacement alone does not seem to radically alter a woman’s “follicular fate,” and can even sometimes make matters worse.
Since September is Menopause Awareness Month, it is a good time to take a look at menopausal hair loss, to help women understand the causes of their hair loss as well as learn what they can do to treat it.
For more by Alan J. Bauman, .
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