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What Are The Symptoms To Menopause

What Conditions Can Cause Early Menopause

The first signs & symptoms of menopause

Certain medical and surgical conditions can influence the timing of menopause.

Surgical removal of the ovaries

The surgical removal of the ovaries in an ovulating woman will result in an immediate menopause, sometimes termed a surgical menopause, or induced menopause. In this case, there is no perimenopause, and after surgery, a woman will generally experience the signs and symptoms of menopause. In cases of surgical menopause, women often report that the abrupt onset of menopausal symptoms results in particularly severe symptoms, but this is not always the case.

The ovaries are often removed together with the removal of the uterus . If a hysterectomy is performed without removal of both ovaries in a woman who has not yet reached menopause, the remaining ovary or ovaries are still capable of normal hormone production. While a woman cannot menstruate after the uterus is removed by a hysterectomy, the ovaries themselves can continue to produce hormones up until the normal time when menopause would naturally occur. At this time, a woman could experience the other symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes and mood swings. These symptoms would then not be associated with the cessation of menstruation. Another possibility is that premature ovarian failure will occur earlier than the expected time of menopause, as early as one to two years following the hysterectomy. If this happens, a woman may or may not experience symptoms of menopause.

Cancer chemotherapy and radiation therapy

A Word On Perimenopause

Medically, menopauseis defined as a time when a woman has not had her menstrual period for at least12 consecutive months . The period before menopause, when you beginnoticing signs of hormonal changes, is defined as perimenopause. During thisphase, the ovaries gradually produce lesser estrogen, and your periods may movebecome farther apart from each other. On the other hand, some women may noticeirregular periods that come closer together and do not follow their previouspattern of being 25-40 days apart. To put it simply, when you experienceperimenopause, your periods become difficult to predict. You may alsoexperience heavier or lighter flow, or notice more blood clots duringperimenopause.

Menopause will kick in when your ovaries produce so little estrogen than it no longer leads to the release of a healthy egg from your ovaries, to trigger menstruation after 14-16 days. Remember, if your last period was less than a year ago, you are not fully menopausal yet, and could still become pregnant. We discuss the various symptoms of perimenopause in a different article, so give that a read too.

What Are The Stages

The process happens slowly over three stages:

Perimenopause. Your cycles will become irregular, but they havenât stopped. Most women hit this stage around age 47. Even though you might notice symptoms like hot flashes, you can still get pregnant.

Menopause. This is when youâll have your final menstrual period. You wonât know for sure itâs happened until youâve gone a year without one. Hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep problems, and other symptoms are common in this stage.

Postmenopause. This begins when you hit the year mark from your final period. Once that happens, youâll be referred to as postmenopausal for the rest of your life. Keep in mind that after more than 1 year of no menstrual periods due to menopause, vaginal bleeding isn’t normal, so tell your doctor if you have any ASAP.

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Insomnia Or Difficulty Sleeping Through The Night

Night sweats dont help anyone get a good nights sleep. Neither do hormone-related shifts that mess with your circadian rhythms,3 and make you need to get up and go to the bathroom in the middle of the night.1 Anxiety can keep you up, too. And if you reach for your phone and start looking at social media when you cant sleep, the blue light can keep you from getting back to sleep.4 How annoyingly ironic

Can Cancer Symptoms Be Mistaken As Symptoms Of Menopause

Most Effective Natural Supplements for Menopause Symptoms ...

It is important to recognize that some of the symptoms of menopause can mimic the symptoms of gynecologic cancers, which are cancers that start in the female reproductive organs. The 3 most common gynecologic cancers are uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, and cervical cancer. Being aware of the similarities and differences in symptoms is critical so that concerning, or red flag, symptoms of a potential underlying cancer are not ignored or misidentified as symptoms of menopause.

Uterine and ovarian cancers are more common in postmenopausal women. The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal uterine bleeding, which occurs in 75% to 90% of people with this type of cancer. It can be hard to distinguish between abnormal bleeding and a regular menstrual period, especially during the menopausal transition. However, in people older than 45, some concerning clues will include bleeding between menstrual cycles, frequent bleeding, and heavy or prolonged bleeding. The average age at diagnosis of uterine cancer in the United States is 60, and it is uncommon in women younger than 45.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer include abdominal swelling or bloating, nausea, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly, and shortness of breath. About half of people who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the United States are 63 or older. However, ovarian cancer may occur at a younger age in people with a hereditary ovarian cancer syndrome.

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At What Age Does A Woman Typically Reach Menopause

The average age of menopause is 51 years old. However, there is no way to predict when an individual woman will have menopause or begin having symptoms suggestive of menopause. The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is also not related to the age of menopause onset. Most women reach menopause between the ages of 45 and 55, but menopause may occur as earlier as ages 30s or 40s, or may not occur until a woman reaches her 60s. As a rough “rule of thumb,” women tend to undergo menopause at an age similar to that of their mothers.

Symptoms and signs related to the menopausal transition such as irregularities in the menstrual cycle, can begin up to 10 years prior to the last menstrual period.

What Are The Complications Of Menopause

Menopause occurs alongside a range of lifestyle and metabolic changes in women. These include:

  • Heart disease Menopause has a significant impact on a womans risk of getting heart disease.
  • Osteoporosis during menopause, your body starts to break down bone tissue more quickly than it replaces it.
  • Sex drive Women often find their sexual feelings and desires change around the time of menopause.

These changes are common, and it may help to discuss them with your partner, your doctor or a trusted friend.

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Hot Flashes Night Sweats

The highest incidence of hot flashes and sweating occurred in 2010 in Turkey, reaching 97% of the women surveyed. A high level of intensity of hot flashes was also reported in Australia in 2011 in 83% of cases.

The highest average level of intensity of hot flashes and sweating occurred in Europe in 2007-2010 and amounted to 76.5% of women. Subsequently, 58.8% of women living in North America reported symptoms discussed in 2001-2014, 58% of women surveyed in Africa and Australia, 47% of women living in South America and 45% of women in Asia .

Percentage of hot flashes, excessive sweating

The analysis of the research shows that about 57% of women aged 40 to 64 years in the world reported the occurrence of hot flashes and sweating.

Women experiencing the most intractable menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, fatigue, depressive disorders, and sleep disorders also reported significantly lower sexual desire .

In the research by Williams et al., in 4402 American women between 40 and 65 years old, 79% of women surveyed reported very distressing vasomotor symptoms in the form of 7 or more severe hot flashes per day . Freeman and Sherif in 2007 found that the occurrence of vasomotor symptoms was influenced by climate, diet, lifestyle, functions that women held and their attitude to the aging process .

Will Hormone Therapy Help Prevent Long

What are the early signs and symptoms of menopause?

The benefits and risks of hormone therapy vary depending on a womans age and her individual history. In general, younger women in their 50s tend to get more benefits from hormone therapy as compared to postmenopausal women in their 60s. Women who undergo premature menopause are often treated with hormone therapy until age 50 to avoid the increased risk that comes from the extra years of estrogen loss.

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Can Menopause Cause Depression

Your body goes through a lot of changes during menopause. There are extreme shifts in your hormone levels, you may not be sleeping well because of hot flashes and you may be experiencing mood swings. Anxiety and fear could also be at play during this time. All of these factors can lead to depression.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of depression, talk to your healthcare provider. During your conversation, your provider will tell you about different types of treatment and check to make sure there isnt another medical condition causing your depression. Thyroid problems can sometimes be the cause of depression.

Sore Aching Muscles And Joints

Turns out, inflammation is yet another thing estrogen was good at controlling. Muscle tension can also be caused by anxiety, or any of the other symptoms, above really. Relaxing with yoga, meditation or a nice massage can help. Equelle can also be helpful with this type of muscle discomfort.

*The active ingredient in Equelle is S-equol, a plant-based, naturally derived compound.

REFERENCES:

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When Should I Expect My Menopause

Since all women are different, its hard to predict when your menopause will begin. You can make some guesses based on your family history. If your mothers, sisters, or grandmothers menopause began at 51, you should expect it at around the same age.

Studies show that besides genetics, the beginning of your menopause can be affected by the following factors:

  • Certain medical conditions like autoimmune diseases,
  • Radiation and chemotherapy treatment,
  • Lifestyle choices ,
  • Use of contraceptives,
  • And more.

When you are nearing the age of menopause, consider speaking to your gynecologist about it. By studying your medical history and asking the right questions, the doctor can help you determine the approximate menopause timetable.

Calcium And Vitamin D

Pin on Menopause symptoms

A combination of calcium and vitamin D can reduce the risk of osteoporosis, the bone loss associated with menopause. The best sources are from calcium-rich and vitamin D-fortified foods.

Doctors are currently reconsidering the use of calcium and vitamin D supplements. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force advises that healthy postmenopausal women don’t need to take these supplements. According to the USPSTF, taking daily low-dose amounts of vitamin D supplements , with or without calcium supplements , does not prevent fractures. For higher doses, the USPSTF says there is not enough evidence to make a recommendation. In addition to possible lack of benefit, these supplements are associated with certain risks, like kidney stones.

However, calcium and vitamin D are important nutrients. Supplements may be appropriate for certain people including those who do not get enough vitamin D through sunlight exposure and those who do not consume enough calcium in their diet. They are also helpful for people who have been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Talk with your doctor about whether or not you should take supplements.

The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends:

Calcium

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of calcium in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract and is the essential companion to calcium in maintaining strong bones.

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Hot Flashes Flushes Night Sweats Cold Flashes Clammy Skin

Add to that any other way you can think of to describe a sudden heat wave taking over your upper torso, neck and face from within. Caused by your confused blood vessels, which are getting overdilated due to hormone fluctuations. Could be helped tremendously by taking a plant-based* non-prescription supplement like Equelle. Explore other ways to beat the heat.

What Is Hormone Therapy

During menopause, your body goes through major hormonal changes, decreasing the amount of hormones it makes particularly estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen and progesterone are produced by the ovaries. When your ovaries no longer make enough estrogen and progesterone, hormone therapy can be used as a supplement. Hormone therapy boosts your hormone levels and can help relieve some symptoms of menopause. Its also used as a preventative measure for osteoporosis.

There are two main types of hormone therapy:

  • Estrogen therapy : In this treatment, estrogen is taken alone. Its typically prescribed in a low dose and can be taken as a pill or patch. ET can also be given to you as a cream, vaginal ring, gel or spray. This type of treatment is used after a hysterectomy. Estrogen alone cant be used if a woman still has a uterus.
  • Estrogen Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy : This treatment is also called combination therapy because it uses doses of estrogen and progesterone. Progesterone is available in its natural form, or also as a progestin . This type of hormone therapy is used if you still have your uterus.

Hormone therapy can relieve many of the symptoms of menopause, including:

  • Hot flashes and night sweats.
  • Vaginal dryness.

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Hormone Levels Fluctuate Leading To Menopause

As you approach menopause, the production of female hormones by the ovaries starts to slow down. Hormone levels tend to fluctuate, and you may notice changes in your menstrual cycle such as:

  • period cycles may become longer, shorter or totally irregular
  • bleeding may become lighter
  • bleeding may become unpredictable and heavy .

Eventually, your hormone levels will fall to a point where your ovaries stop releasing eggs, your periods stop and menopause is reached.Although fertility after the age of 45 is low, you still need to use contraception to prevent pregnancy. Its recommended to continue contraception until you have had one year without a natural period if youre over 50 years old, or two years without a natural period if youre under 50.

Questions To Ask Your Doctor

Early Perimenopause Symptoms /Perimenopause Periods Menopause / Menopause Treatment
  • Do my symptoms indicate that I might be going through menopause?
  • My menstrual cycle is irregular. Could it be caused by something other than menopause?
  • Im uncomfortable and/or dont feel well. Is there a way to safely treat my symptoms?
  • Ive heard that soy products or herbal supplements may help. Are these effective? Are they good options for me?
  • Am I a candidate for hormone replacement therapy?
  • What are the risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy?
  • Am I at risk for heart disease or osteoporosis?
  • Do I need any tests, such as bone density screening?
  • Now that Im going through menopause, what changes, if any, should I make to my diet and exercise?

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Can I Get Pregnant During Menopause

The possibility of pregnancy disappears once you are postmenopausal, you have been without your period for an entire year . However, you can actually get pregnant during the menopause transition . If you dont want to become pregnant, you should continue to use some form of birth control until you have gone fully through menopause. Ask your healthcare provider before you stop using contraception.

For some women, getting pregnant can be difficult once theyre in their late 30s and 40s because of a decline in fertility. However, if becoming pregnant is the goal, there are fertility-enhancing treatments and techniques that can help you get pregnant. Make sure to speak to your healthcare provider about these options.

How Can I Treat The Symptoms

There are a bunch of ways.

Lifestyle changes. A healthy diet and regular exercise program will help manage your symptoms and boost your health. This is a great time to finally kick any old, unhealthy habits like smoking or drinking too much alcohol. To help with hot flashes, dress lightly and in layers. Avoid triggers like caffeine and spicy foods. And if you stay sexually active, that may help preserve your vaginal lining.

Prescription medication for hot flashes. If you still have your uterus, your doctor might prescribe treatment with estrogen and progesterone. This is called combination hormone therapy or hormone replacement therapy . It helps with hot flashes and night sweats, and it may help prevent osteoporosis. If you donât have a uterus, you might get estrogen alone.

Hormone therapy isnât for everyone. Donât take it if you’ve ever had breast cancer, uterine or “endometrial” cancer, blood clots, liver disease, or a stroke. Also don’t take it if you might be pregnant or you have undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.

If you can’t or don’t want to take hormones, other medications can ease symptoms. They include antidepressants, antiseizure drugs, or blood pressure medications to help with hot flashes and mood swings.

Prescription and OTC medication for vaginal dryness and sleep problems. You can try topical estrogen, lubricants, and non-estrogen prescriptions for dryness and painful sex. OTC or prescription sleep aids can help if you have trouble falling asleep.

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How Does Menopause Affect My Bladder Control

Unfortunately, bladder control issues are common for women going through menopause. There are several reasons why this happens, including:

  • Estrogen. This hormone plays several roles in your body. It not only controls your period and promotes changes in your body during pregnancy, estrogen also keeps the lining of your bladder and urethra healthy.
  • Pelvic floor muscles. Supporting the organs in your pelvis your bladder and uterus are called the pelvic floor muscles. Throughout your life, these muscles can weaken. This can happen during pregnancy, childbirth and from weight gain. When the muscles weaken, you can experience urinary incontinence .

Specific bladder control problems that you might have can include:

  • Stress incontinence .
  • Urge incontinence .
  • Painful urination .
  • Nocturia .

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