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What Are The Symptoms Of Menopause In A Woman

Can I Get Pregnant If I Have Gone Through Menopause

5 natural remedies for common menopause symptoms

No, you cant get pregnant after menopause because ovulation is no longer occurring. Once you have gone 12 months without a period, you are considered to have reached menopause.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Menopause is a natural and normal part of the aging process. Once you are in menopause, you have gone 12 months without a menstrual period. It is common to experience symptoms like vaginal dryness and hot flashes. Be open with your healthcare provider about the symptoms youre experiencing and how they impact your quality of life. They can recommend treatments to manage your symptoms and make you more comfortable.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 10/05/2021.


What To Do For Gum Problems

  • Finding Relief: Eat foods full of phytoestrogens, calcium, probiotics, and vitamin C maintain good oral hygiene with regular brushing and dental check-ups and quit smoking or chewing tobacco. To reduce the pain, suck on ice cubes apply herbal gels or use natural, antiseptic gargles.
  • Treatment Options: Resolving gum problems is possible with alternative medicine, which includes herbal supplements that promote hormonal balance, or conventional medicine, consisting of medications, like antibiotics, antiseptic chips, or HRT , or surgery.

While oral problems in menopause are not unheard of, they are not as well understood as other symptoms, like hot flashes. Nevertheless, they affect women’s health, daily functioning, and quality of life. Read on about this Indian study on the prevalence of oral health problems in postmenopausal women.

Why Does Menopause Happen

Natural menopause menopause thats not caused by surgery or another medical condition is a normal part of aging. Menopause is defined as a complete year without menstrual bleeding, in the absence of any surgery or medical condition that may cause bleeding to artificially stop such as hormonal birth control, overactive thyroid, high prolactin, radiation or surgical removal of the ovaries.

As you age, the reproductive cycle begins to slow down and prepares to stop. This cycle has been continuously functioning since puberty. As menopause nears, your ovaries make less of a hormone called estrogen. When this decrease occurs, your menstrual cycle starts to change. It can become irregular and then stop. Physical changes can also happen as your body adapts to different levels of hormones. The symptoms you experience during each stage of menopause are all part of your bodys adjustment to these changes.

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What Happens And How Does It Feel

menopause top symptoms

For some women this loss of reproductive ability may be deeply felt, and for all women the menopause is a personal experience, not just a medical condition. However, the diminishing release of oestrogen from the ovary as women advance into their 40s is often the cause of symptoms which can be distressing and may need medical attention.

Hot flushes are the most common symptom of the menopause, occurring in three in every four menopausal women. Other common symptoms include night sweats, sleeplessness, vaginal dryness, irritated skin, more frequent urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections, low mood and a reduced interest in sex. Symptoms vary hugely in duration, severity and what impact they have on women.

All the common symptoms of the menopause are associated with a decrease in the bodys production of oestrogen. Oestrogen lack can affect many parts of the body, including the brain, causing changes in emotional well-being, and the skin, influencing its elasticity and thickness.

There is also some evidence that oestrogen deficiency is the cause of some chemical changes in the body which make women after the menopause especially vulnerable to heart disease and stroke.

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Symptoms Of Menopause Include:

  • Absence of period for 12 months
  • Hot flashes
  • Cognitive changes
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Generalized itching
  • Bone loss

Once your period has officially stopped, the estrogen levels in your body will gradually decline also, you will no longer produce another female hormone called progesterone. Such hormonal changes may intensify the hot flashes, mood swings, or other symptoms you may have been experiencing throughout perimenopause, or they may trigger symptoms you have yet to experience. Another physical sign of menopause is bone loss . And although hot flashes usually subside, some women experience hot flashes for the rest of their life.

If you experience these symptoms, the first thing you should do is make an appointment with your provider. As Estrogen therapy can help with the cardiovascular issues that come with menopause, it is recommended that estrogen therapy begin within five years of the last period.

When To See A Doctor

You should also make an appointment with your doctor if:

  • Youâve never had a yeast infection before.
  • Signs or symptoms of a yeast infection didnât get better with after treatment with an over-the-counter cream or suppository.
  • You have new or unusual pain or discharge in your genital area.
  • You get other symptoms.
  • You have pain during sex.

If you think you have a yeast infection but arenât sure, itâs important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis. A doctor can also let you know if something else may be causing your problems.

Treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent you from spreading any potential infections during sex.

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Recommended Reading: Causes Of Hot Flashes Besides Menopause

What Are The Long

There are several conditions that you could be at a higher risk of after menopause. Your risk for any condition depends on many things like your family history, your health before menopause and lifestyle factors . Two conditions that affect your health after menopause are osteoporosis and coronary artery disease.


Osteoporosis, a “brittle-bone” disease, occurs when the inside of bones become less dense, making them more fragile and likely to fracture. Estrogen plays an important role in preserving bone mass. Estrogen signals cells in the bones to stop breaking down.

People lose an average of 25% of their bone mass from the time of menopause to age 60. This is largely because of the loss of estrogen. Over time, this loss of bone can lead to bone fractures. Your healthcare provider may want to test the strength of your bones over time. Bone mineral density testing, also called bone densitometry, is a quick way to see how much calcium you have in certain parts of your bones. The test is used to detectosteoporosis and osteopenia. Osteopenia is a disease where bone density is decreased and this can be a precursor to later osteoporosis.

If you have osteoporosis or osteopenia, your treatment options could include estrogen therapy.

Coronary artery disease

  • The loss of estrogen .
  • Increased blood pressure.
  • A decrease in physical activity.
  • Bad habits from your past catching up with you .

What Tests Diagnose Menopause

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Because hormone levels may fluctuate greatly in an individual woman, even from one day to the next, hormone levels are not a reliable method for diagnosing menopause. There is no single blood test that reliably predicts when a woman is going through the menopausal transition, so there is currently no proven role for blood testing to diagnose menopause. The only way to diagnose menopause is to observe the lack of menstrual periods for 12 months in a woman in the expected age range.

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Keeping Cool And Staying Comfortable

Dress in loose, layered clothing, especially during the nighttime and during warm or unpredictable weather. This can help you manage hot flashes.

Keeping your bedroom cool and avoiding heavy blankets at night can also help reduce your chances of night sweats. If you regularly have night sweats, consider using a waterproof sheet under your bedding to protect your mattress.

You can also carry a portable fan to help cool you down if youre feeling flushed.

What Are Common Menopause Symptoms

Some common menopause symptoms are:

  • Irregular periods: Periods becoming shorter, longer, heavier, lighter. Skipping periods.

  • Hot flashes: A hot flash is a sudden, sometimes intense feeling of heat that rushes to your face and upper body. Hot flashes can be really uncomfortable, but they usually only last a few minutes. They can happen a few times a day, a few times a week, or a few times a month.

  • Night sweats: Hot flashes that wake you up in the middle of the night.

  • Sleep problems: You may have insomnia trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. You may also start to wake up much earlier than you used to.

  • Vaginal changes: The lining of your vagina may become thinner, drier, or less stretchy. This can cause dryness or discomfort during sex.

  • Urinary or bladder infections: You may have to pee more often or get more frequent urinary tract or bladder infections.

  • Mood changes: Hormone changes can make you feel anxious, irritable, and tired. Your sex drive might change, too.

  • Weaker bones: Your bones will probably weaken during menopause. If its really bad, it can lead to osteoporosis after menopause. Getting plenty of calcium and vitamin D, and exercising for at least 30 minutes most days of the week can help you maintain bone health.

Some people may have a long and difficult perimenopause, up to 1012 years. But most people find that the common menopause symptoms are temporary and only last 35 years.

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How Can Cbd Help Menopause

There are several ways to treat symptoms of menopause, including hormone replacement. But the use of pharmaceuticals is not ideal for women who are in perimenopause. While hormone therapy may alleviate some of the symptoms associated with menopause, it also comes with many risks. Among the most common are heart disease and blood clots, and the risks are even higher for women over the age of 65. Therefore, women of menopausal age tend to prefer natural methods such as using CBD.

One of the first benefits of CBD for menopause is relief from hot flashes. The reason is that CBD interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the skin, making it harmless for a menopausal woman.

A study by the FDA notes that the benefits of CBD for menopause are unproven. The FDA has also noted that CBD has some potential interactions with certain medications, so it is important to consult a doctor before trying it.

Another benefit of CBD is its anti-inflammatory effects. A recent study reported that it helps alleviate menopause-related migraines. Because the chemicals that cause migraines can cause an overabundance of serotonin, CBD can act as an anti-inflammatory agent and relieve pain. It can also help you to sleep better at night.

Inflammation is another factor that affects menopause symptoms. Women who experience inflammation often have more painful joints and muscles than pre-menopausal women. Inflammation can also lead to pain in the body, and CBD is proven to reduce inflammation.

What To Do For Burning Tongue

Symptoms of Menopause: Hot Flashes and Night Sweats, How ...
  • Finding Relief: Opt for foods rich in phytoestrogens, zinc, iron, and vitamin B12 drink six to eight glasses of water daily, and avoid spicy or salty foods and unhealthy habits. To relieve the pain, suck on ice cubes use herbal mouth rinses or apply natural, pain-relieving gels.
  • Treatment Options: Treating burning tongue is possible with alternative medicine, which involves hormone-balancing herbal supplements, or conventional medicine, like painkillers, prescription saliva substitutes, or HRT .

Burning mouth syndrome is one of the most poorly understood symptoms of the menopausal transition, causing substantial distress among middle-aged women. This clinical trial was carried out to evaluate the prevalence and potential causes of burning mouth syndrome during menopause. Check out its findings here!

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What Causes The Menopause

The menopause is caused by a change in the balance of the body’s sex hormones, which occurs as you get older.

It happens when your ovaries stop producing as much of the hormone oestrogen and no longer release an egg each month.

Premature or early menopause can occur at any age, and in many cases there’s no clear cause.

Sometimes it’s caused by a treatment such as surgery to remove the ovaries , some breast cancer treatments, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or it can be brought on by an underlying condition, such as Down’s syndrome or Addison’s disease.

Page last reviewed: 29 August 2018 Next review due: 29 August 2021

What Can I Do About Hot Flashes

Hot flashes occur from a decrease in estrogen levels. In response to this, your glands release higher amounts of other hormones that affect the brain’s thermostat, causing your body temperature to fluctuate. Hormone therapy has been shown to relieve some of the discomfort of hot flashes for many women. However, the decision to start using these hormones should be made only after you and your healthcare provider have evaluated your risk versus benefit ratio.

To learn more about women’s health, and specifically hormone therapy, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health launched the Women’s Health Initiative in 1991. The hormone trial had 2 studies: the estrogen-plus-progestin study of women with a uterus and the estrogen-alone study of women without a uterus. Both studies ended early when the research showed that hormone therapy did not help prevent heart disease and it increased risk for some medical problems. Follow-up studies found an increased risk of heart disease in women who took estrogen-plus-progestin therapy, especially those who started hormone therapy more than 10 years after menopause.

The WHI recommends that women follow the FDA advice on hormone therapy. It states that hormone therapy should not be taken to prevent heart disease.

Practical suggestions for coping with hot flashes include:

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What To Do For Body Odor

  • Finding Relief: Compose your meals with foods rich in phytoestrogens, zinc, and magnesium exercise for hormonal balance and stress reduction and avoid triggers, such as spicy foods, smoking, or alcohol. Keep proper body hygiene wear breathable fabrics, and use herbal toiletries.
  • Treatment Options: Women can choose between alternative treatment options, including natural, hormone-balancing supplements, or conventional treatment options, including medicated deodorants medications, like HRT or surgery.

When lifestyle changes fail to bring relief from body odor, many women may be inclined to search for a more drastic solution in the form of medication. Click here for some of the best medicine for body odor to beat this embarrassing and inconvenient symptom once and for all.

How Do I Know If I’m In Menopause

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You will know you have reached menopause when you have gone 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period. Contact your healthcare provider if you have any type of vaginal bleeding after menopause. Vaginal bleeding after menopause could be a sign of a more serious health issue like endometrial cancer.

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Treatments For Menopausal Symptoms

Your GP can offer treatments and suggest lifestyle changes if you have severe menopausal symptoms that interfere with your day-to-day life.

These include:

Your GP may refer you to a menopause specialist if your symptoms do not improve after trying treatment or if you’re unable to take HRT.

How Can You Treat The Symptoms Of Menopause

According to Dr Shree, treatments can depend on factors such as age and lifestyle.

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She said: “It’s worth seeking advice from your doctor if you are finding the symptoms difficult to manage or overwhelming, particularly if you are experiencing symptoms before the age of 45. In some cases, the symptoms can be severe enough to affect your day-to-day activities.

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1. Lifetyle and dietary changes: “You may be asked to take a blood test to check your hormone levels before treatment is discussed with you. We may initially consider lifestyle and dietary changes, with regular exercise and lubricants to help with sex, but if this doesn’t work, we may also consider medications.

2. Natural supplements: “We’ll also look at holistic and natural supplements before considering hormonal medications.

3. Hormonal medication: Treatment can range from medications such as Hormone Replacement Therapy , vaginal oestrogen creams, behaviour therapy. At this point, you may be referred to speak to a Gynaecologist and we will take into account any medical conditions or treatments you are currently taking.”

The NHS also suggests wearing light clothing and taking a cool shower for hot flushes, trying yoga for mood changes, over-the-counter vaginal moisturisers for vaginal dryness, and eating plenty of calcium-rich foods for weak bones.

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Hormone Treatment And Therapy

Estrogen and progesterone therapy

Hormone therapy , or menopausal hormone therapy , consists of estrogens or a combination of estrogens and progesterone . This was formerly referred to as hormone replacement therapy . Hormone therapy controls the symptoms of menopause-related to declining estrogen levels , and HT is still the most effective way to treat these symptoms. But long-term studies of women receiving combined hormone therapy with both estrogen and progesterone were halted when it was discovered that these women had an increased risk for heart attack, stroke, and breast cancer when compared with women who did not receive HT. These risks were most pronounced in women over 60 taking hormone therapy. Later studies of women taking estrogen therapy alone showed that estrogen was associated with an increased risk for stroke, but not for heart attack or breast cancer. Estrogen therapy alone, however, is associated with an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women who have not had their uterus surgically removed.

Hormone therapy is available in oral , transdermal forms . Transdermal hormone products are already in their active form without the need for “first pass” metabolism in the liver to be converted to an active form. Since transdermal hormone products do not have effects on the liver, this route of administration has become the preferred form for most women.


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