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What Are The Stages Of Menopause

Can Menopause Cause Facial Hair Growth

The 3 stages of menopause

Yes, increased facial hair growth can be a change related to menopause. The hormonal change your body goes through during menopause can result in several physical changes to your body, including more facial hair than you may have had in the past. If facial hair becomes a problem for you, waxing or using other hair removers may be options. Talk to your healthcare provider about your options to make sure you dont pick a product that could harm your skin.

Stages And Symptoms Of The Menopause

Menopause is a stage in a woman’s life when she stops having her periods. Its a normal and natural part of a woman’s life. The years leading up to the last period, when women might be experiencing menopausal symptoms, are called the menopause transition.

Women can experience vastly different symptoms throughout the menopause, so it’s important that treatment is tailored to reflect individual needs and changing symptoms.

Is Having A Hard Time Concentrating And Being Forgetful A Normal Part Of Menopause

Unfortunately, concentration and minor memory problems can be a normal part of menopause. Though this doesnt happen to everyone, it can happen. Doctors arent sure why this happens. If youre having memory problems during menopause, call your healthcare provider. There are several activities that have been shown to stimulate the brain and help rejuvenate your memory. These activities can include:

  • Doing crossword puzzles and other mentally stimulating activities like reading and doing math problems.
  • Cutting back on passive activities like watching TV.
  • Getting plenty of exercise.

Keep in mind that depression and anxiety can also impact your memory. These conditions can be linked to menopause.

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How Does Menopause Affect My Bladder Control

Unfortunately, bladder control issues are common for women going through menopause. There are several reasons why this happens, including:

  • Estrogen. This hormone plays several roles in your body. It not only controls your period and promotes changes in your body during pregnancy, estrogen also keeps the lining of your bladder and urethra healthy.
  • Pelvic floor muscles. Supporting the organs in your pelvis your bladder and uterus are called the pelvic floor muscles. Throughout your life, these muscles can weaken. This can happen during pregnancy, childbirth and from weight gain. When the muscles weaken, you can experience urinary incontinence .

Specific bladder control problems that you might have can include:

  • Stress incontinence .
  • Urge incontinence .
  • Painful urination .
  • Nocturia .

Stage : Early Perimenopause

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During the early phases of perimenopause, you may notice some of these symptoms, but you may not have any changes to your menstrual cycle yet. That will soon come though!

If your symptoms are particularly severe, you may want to talk to your doctor about Hormone Replacement Therapy . However, there are some risk factors to using them, so check in with your doctor if the benefits outweigh these risks in your particular situation.

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What Can I Do To Relieve My Symptoms

Because your body is still producing its own hormones during perimenopause, hormone replacement is not an option for dealing with symptoms during this stage, so you may want to explore diet and lifestyle interventions as well as nonprescription remedies such as supplements, and speak with your doctor about other prescription options such as low-dose birth control pills and antidepressants that have been shown to reduce hot flashes and other menopause symptoms.

What Is The Average Age A Woman Stops Menstruating

The average age of menopause among US women is 51. Most women stop menstruation completely around 4 years after their periods become irregular. Certain factors can increase your risk of early menopause, such as genetics, smoking, type 1 diabetes, a family history of early menopause, and shorter cycles during your youth.

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What To Expect In Perimenopause

During perimenopause, the ovaries start running out of eggs, leading to intense hormonal fluctuations. Those shifts of estrogen and progesterone cause symptoms, including irregular periods, hot flashes, loss of libido, mood swings, and more.

Because of the declining number of eggs in the ovarian reserve and a high percentage of chromosomal abnormalities within them, fertility at 40 is generally compromised. As a result, women can still get pregnant, but it may take longer and prove more challenging.

Is Joint Pain A Symptom Of Menopause

Stages of menopause (Part 2) | K24 This Morning

Joint pain affects many menopausal women. This pain can also be accompanied by stiffness and swelling of the affected joints. This happens because menopause lowers your levels of estrogen, which acts as an anti-inflammatory substance and helps maintain bone health. Osteoarthritis tends to affect high-impact joints like hips and knees, but it can affect any joint.

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When To Seek Help

Its common and normal to experience irregular periods when youre perimenopausal.

However, other conditions, like polycystic ovary syndrome or cervical cancer, can also cause irregular bleeding. See your doctor to rule out other causes if you:

  • suddenly experience very heavy periods or periods with blood clots
  • have periods lasting longer than usual
  • spot or bleed after sex
  • spot or bleed after your period
  • have periods close together

Osteoporosis and heart disease are long-term health risks associated with menopause. Thats because estrogen plays a significant role in protecting your bones and your heart. Without estrogen, youre at an increased risk for both diseases.

Youre also at an increased risk of urinary tract infections because menopause can cause your urethra to become dry, irritated, or inflamed. Vaginal infections can also occur more frequently because your vagina has become dryer and thinner.

Report menopausal symptoms when visiting the doctor. Get assessed by your physician if you continue to have menopausal symptoms that are unbearable or last more than five years after your last menstrual period.

Although menopause can cause uncomfortable symptoms for some women, this natural process has possible upsides, too. There are several potential benefits of menopause to consider:

You will still need to protect yourself from sexually transmitted diseases.

A Deeper Look Into Each Stage Of Menopause


Age of onset: Generally, women in their 30s and early 40s are premenopausal if they are still having normal periods and are not experiencing any symptoms associated with fluctuating estrogen levels.

Keep in mind that some women enter menopause in their 30s , so age is not necessarily an indicator when it comes to this, or any, stage.

Duration: Because premenopause is loosely defined, there is no average duration of this phase. Instead, the duration is the time before you start to experience changes.

Signs and Symptoms: There are no unusual changes related to menopause that occur during this stage.


Age of onset: Age 45 is the average age women reach menopause. However, many women experience perimenopausal symptoms earlier in life, whereas others may notice changes well into their fifties.

Duration: Perimenopause lasts on average about 5 years, although some women will experience symptoms for nearly a decade. This means that we can spend a good portion of our life in this transitional period.

Signs and Symptoms: Irregular periods are one of the first signs that you are entering perimenopause. Changes to your period can include it becoming unpredictable, heavier, longer, and you may experience spotting in between cycles.


Duration: Women are considered in menopause once they have been period-free for 12 months. On average, women continue to experience menopause symptoms for 3-5 years after reaching menopause.

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Will I Still Enjoy Sex After Menopause

You should still be able to enjoy sex after menopause. Sometimes, decreased sex drive is related to discomfort and painful intercourse. After treating the source of this pain , many women are able to enjoy intimacy again. Hormone therapy can also help many women. If you are having difficulties enjoying sex after menopause, talk to your healthcare provider.

Can I Get Pregnant During Menopause

Menopause facts vs fiction you need to know at any age

The possibility of pregnancy disappears once you are postmenopausal, you have been without your period for an entire year . However, you can actually get pregnant during the menopause transition . If you dont want to become pregnant, you should continue to use some form of birth control until you have gone fully through menopause. Ask your healthcare provider before you stop using contraception.

For some women, getting pregnant can be difficult once theyre in their late 30s and 40s because of a decline in fertility. However, if becoming pregnant is the goal, there are fertility-enhancing treatments and techniques that can help you get pregnant. Make sure to speak to your healthcare provider about these options.

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Changes That Occur Through Stages Of Menopause

Here are some major changes that are happening to a womans body as she reaches menopause:

  • There is an exhaustion of follicles – Ovarian follicles contain egg cells, which are released during ovulation. Over the period of production, ovarian follicles decrease steadily. In the perimenopause stage, follicles are present and eggs are released, allowing pregnancy to still be a possibility, though its often more difficult. While you still have some follicles at the menopausal stages, they are significantly fewer.

  • 2. Ovaries stop releasing eggs – This is the hallmark sign of menopause. As you get closer to menopause, periods and ovulation can become more irregular. At menopause, ovulation stops entirely.

    3. Ovaries stop making estrogen and progesterone – Estrogen and progesterone are essential for control of the menstrual cycle and reproduction. With menopause, the ovaries cease to make these hormones. Estrogen now comes from adrenal production and fat cells. The decrease in estrogen decreases the metabolic rate in which women use starches and carbs. This can contribute to weight gain women experience in menopause.

    4. LH and FSH levels increase – Because the ovaries stop making estrogen, there is no longer enough estrogen to turn off FSH, which allows these levels to increase. The same is true of LH.

    Can Menopause Affect My Sex Life

    After menopause, your body has less estrogen. This major change in your hormonal balance can affect your sex life. Many menopausal women may notice that theyre not as easily aroused as before. Sometimes, women also may be less sensitive to touch and other physical contact than before menopause.

    These feelings, coupled with the other emotional changes you may be experiencing, can all lead to a decreased interest in sex. Keep in mind that your body is going through a lot of change during menopause. Some of the other factors that can play a role in a decreased sex drive can include:

    • Having bladder control problems.
    • Having trouble sleeping through the night.
    • Experiencing stress, anxiety or depression.
    • Coping with other medical conditions and medications.

    All of these factors can disrupt your life and even cause tension in your relationship. In addition to these changes, the lower levels of estrogen in your body can actually cause a decrease in the blood supply to the vagina. This can cause dryness. When you dont have the right amount of lubrication in the vagina, it can be thin, pale and dry. This can lead to painful intercourse.

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    The Psychological Menopause Changes

    The average woman going through the menopause stage who has had at least one child, loses on average a third of her energy. This means that by the time the menopause comes to an end she has lost on average half of her strength and a quarter of her mental agility. So when it comes to juggling all of the demands of a busy life women need to be realistic about the stress this can have on their physical and mental health. Alongside menopauses emotional and psychological effects, it can also result in medical problems. For example, one in ten women experience hot flushes. This is due to the surge of hormones that menopause naturally causes. The sudden decrease in blood flow to the skin causes the skin to become very hot and can make it feel as though you have sunburn.

    Perimenopause Vs Premenstrual Syndrome And Thyroid Problems

    Stages of menopause (Part 1) | K24 This Morning

    Perimenopause symptoms can be quite difficult to distinguish. They are sometimes mistaken for the symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome or thyroid problems. But you can set perimenopause apart by noting the frequency and severity of your symptoms.

    Perimenopause has two very classic signs: irregular periods andhot flashes/night sweats, which can be really persistent. PMS symptoms usually occur two weeks before your period and goes away after that.The symptoms can be quite severe, hindering activities of daily living.

    Perimenopause symptoms can also be very similar to the symptoms of hypothyroidism. Unlike PMS, it is difficult to identify hypothyroidism based on mere symptoms. Perimenopause and hypothyroidism symptoms overlap to a great extent.

    To be sure, you may need to take some menopause tests to check for hormones and some thyroid test.

    Watch this video by Dr. Anna Garrett as she explains why irregular periods happen first during perimenopause :

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    Are There Any Other Emotional Changes That Can Happen During Menopause

    Menopause can cause a variety of emotional changes, including:

    • A loss of energy and insomnia.
    • A lack of motivation and difficulty concentrating.
    • Anxiety, depression, mood changes and tension.
    • Headaches.
    • Aggressiveness and irritability.

    All of these emotional changes can happen outside of menopause. You have probably experienced some of them throughout your life. Managing emotional changes during menopause can be difficult, but it is possible. Your healthcare provider may be able to prescribe a medication to help you . It may also help to just know that there is a name to the feeling you are experiencing. Support groups and counseling are useful tools when dealing with these emotional changes during menopause.

    What Helps With Menopausal Arthritis

    Hormonal imbalances make it more likely for menopausal women to develop osteoarthritis. You can perform low-impact exercises , maintain a healthy weight, and eat vitamin D and calcium-rich foods to improve your symptoms. Your doctor could prescribe NSAID medications or refer you to a physical therapy specialist, too.

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    Will Hormone Therapy Help Prevent Long

    The benefits and risks of hormone therapy vary depending on a womans age and her individual history. In general, younger women in their 50s tend to get more benefits from hormone therapy as compared to postmenopausal women in their 60s. Women who undergo premature menopause are often treated with hormone therapy until age 50 to avoid the increased risk that comes from the extra years of estrogen loss.

    What Is Menopause Its A Moment In Time

    How menopause can affect your sex drive, and what to do ...

    Menopause is a specific point in time. Menopause occurs when periods stop and youve gone 12 consecutive months since having your last period. Once youve hit that moment, you enter post-menopause.

    Reaching menopause means that youre no longer able to bear children. Every woman except for those whove had their ovaries removed before puberty will go through menopause.

    When does menopause start?

    The average menopause age is around 51. But some women experience menopause in their 40s with a small percentage experiencing menopause even younger. Some women may not reach menopause until their 60s.

    Theres no way to know your exact menopause age until it happens, but genetics seem to play a strong role. You may get a general idea of when to expect menopause based on when your family members went through it, particularly your mother.

    Genetics arent the only thing that can impact when menopause starts. Medical factors can also influence menopause timing. When the ovaries are removed, symptoms will begin to show immediately.

    Certain medical conditions like autoimmune diseases have also been associated with early menopause. Women whove undergone treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy are also more likely to show symptoms earlier.

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    The Physical Menopause Changes

    Menopause is a natural part of the bodys ageing process, but it can be a difficult time for some. The body is in the process of going through a physical and physiological change, and as menopause takes place, a host of physical changes take place. These include: Hot flushes. During menopause, women experience some hot flushes, which can occur several times a day, and get worse if you do not cool down. Weight gain. Although during the menopause period your weight will not necessarily increase, many women struggle with weight gain during the menopause period. Excess skin and stretch marks. Although excess skin is not a common side effect, many women experience stretch marks as part of the menopause period. Mood swings.

    How Do You Lose Weight During Menopause

    Maintaining a healthy weight is one of the most effective ways to improve symptoms of menopause. Try low-impact exercises that don’t hurt your joints, eat lean protein, drink plenty of water, and get enough sleep. Although it’s tempting, restricting your caloric intake too severely can lead to muscle loss and a decrease in metabolic rate.

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    When Does Perimenopause Start

    The average age of menopause is 51, and perimenopause symptoms typically begin about four years before your final period. Most women start to notice perimenopause symptoms in their 40s. But perimenopause can happen a little earlier or later, too. The best predictor of when your final period will be is the age at which your mother entered menopause .

    Sleep Problems And Mood Swings

    What are the 4 Stages of Menopause?

    Try these options to avoid sleep problems:

    • Avoid large meals, smoking, coffee, or caffeine after noon.
    • Avoid napping during the day.
    • Avoid exercise or alcohol close to bedtime.
    • Drink warm milk or warm caffeine-free tea before bed.
    • Sleep in a dark, quiet, and cool room.
    • Treat hot flashes to improve sleep.

    Easing stress, eating right, and staying physically active can help with mood swings and sleeping problems. Your doctor may also prescribe medication to help with mood swings.

    You should talk to your doctor about managing your symptoms and to rule out other conditions that may be causing your symptoms, like depression or asthma. Its also helpful to join a support group for women in menopause so you have a safe place to share your concerns and issues.

    Your doctor may also prescribe menopausal hormone therapy to help treat your symptoms. MHT can ease:

    • hot flashes

    Studies show that women who take MHT are at an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and blood clots. The risks are similar for women using contraceptive pills, patches, and rings. However, women taking MHT are older, and the risks increase with age.

    Many women cant take MHT because of a previous illness such as cancer or because they take other medications.

    Additional research found that the risk of getting breast cancer can increase with five or more years of continuous MHT use .

    Women who have had their uterus removed will use estrogen-only therapy.

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