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What Are Some Symptoms Of Menopause

A Word On Perimenopause

9 Surprising Menopausal Symptoms

Medically, menopauseis defined as a time when a woman has not had her menstrual period for at least12 consecutive months . The period before menopause, when you beginnoticing signs of hormonal changes, is defined as perimenopause. During thisphase, the ovaries gradually produce lesser estrogen, and your periods may movebecome farther apart from each other. On the other hand, some women may noticeirregular periods that come closer together and do not follow their previouspattern of being 25-40 days apart. To put it simply, when you experienceperimenopause, your periods become difficult to predict. You may alsoexperience heavier or lighter flow, or notice more blood clots duringperimenopause.

Menopause will kick in when your ovaries produce so little estrogen than it no longer leads to the release of a healthy egg from your ovaries, to trigger menstruation after 14-16 days. Remember, if your last period was less than a year ago, you are not fully menopausal yet, ;and could still become pregnant. We discuss the various symptoms of perimenopause in a different article, so give that a read too.

Symptom : Oral Mucosal Disorders

There are similarities between the oral mucosa and the vaginal mucosa, as established earlier. The reduced level of estrogen causes the mouth to have oral mucosal disorders. These disorders include dryness, paleness, redness of the oral mucosa, which could eventually lead to easy bleeding of the oral mucosa. Also, it could lead to gingivitis, periodontitis, etc.

Why Does Menopause Happen

Natural menopause menopause that happens in your early 50s and is not caused by surgery or another medical condition is a normal part of aging. Menopause is defined as a complete year without menstrual bleeding, in the absence of any surgery or medical condition that may cause bleeding to artificially stop As you age, the reproductive cycle begins to slow down and prepares to stop. This cycle has been continuously functioning since puberty. As menopause nears, the ovaries make less of a hormone called estrogen. When this decrease occurs, your menstrual cycle starts to change. It can become irregular and then stop. Physical changes can also happen as your body adapts to different levels of hormones. The symptoms you experience during each stage of menopause are all part of your bodys adjustment to these changes.

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It Might Not Be Menopause: 7 Diseases With Similar Symptoms

In ancient Greece, men believed that a womans uterus wandered around her body, causing problems wherever it landed. This gave birth to a diagnosis that was popular all the way up until the early 20th century: female hysteria. Hysteria is derived from the Greek word for uterus, hystera, and was considered an especially troubling medical diagnosis for women.

Though weve since evolved from that way of thinking, women are still being misdiagnosed by doctors. Often their symptoms are chalked up to changing hormones or menopause, causing doctors to sometimes miss conditions that become life-threatening if left untreated.

According to a 2016 study by the University of Leeds, women have a 50 percent higher chance of being misdiagnosed after a heart attack than men. A 2014 study published in the medical journal Diagnosis found that women are also 33 percent more likely to be misdiagnosed following a stroke.

Worried your menopause symptoms could be something else? Here are seven diseases that share some of the same symptoms as menopause.

Lyme diseaseLyme disease is a tick-borne illness that can become dangerous if it isnt diagnosed. The most common signs of the disease are a rash with a bulls eye pattern and flu-like symptoms such as fever or fatigue. However, Lyme disease can also cause extreme headaches, dilated pupils, and a quickening heartbeat all symptoms that are associated with menopause.

What Other Life Changes Affect Menopause

Menopause Truth Bombs

Menopause can be a rough time. In addition to the symptoms that may be tough to deal with, a lot of stressful life changes can happen around the same time as perimenopause and menopause.

Some changes you may go through during this time in your life include:

  • anxiety about illness, aging, and death

  • anxiety about the future, getting older, and losing independence

  • anxiety about being disabled

  • changes in family, social, and personal relationships

  • changes in identity or body image

  • children leaving home

  • getting divorced or losing a partner

  • having a partner become ill or disabled

  • more responsibility for grandchildren

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Hormone Levels Fluctuate Leading To Menopause

As you approach menopause, the production of female hormones by the ovaries starts to slow down. Hormone levels tend to fluctuate, and you may notice changes in your menstrual cycle such as:

  • period cycles may become longer, shorter or totally irregular
  • bleeding may become lighter
  • bleeding may become unpredictable and heavy .

Eventually, your hormone levels will fall to a point where your ovaries stop releasing eggs, your periods stop and menopause is reached.Although fertility after the age of 45 is low, you still need to use contraception to prevent pregnancy. Its recommended to continue contraception until you have had one year without a natural period if youre over 50 years old, or two years without a natural period if youre under 50.

What Are Hot Flashes

Hot flashes can be a pretty unpleasant symptom of perimenopause and menopause. We dont totally understand the cause of hot flashes.

Most people describe a hot flash as a sudden hot feeling that spreads all over your body but mostly the upper body, like your arms, chest, and face. ;You may also get sweaty, and your fingers may tingle and your heart may beat faster. A typical hot flash usually lasts anywhere from 1 to 5 minutes.

Hot flashes at night are called night sweats. Sometimes they can get so severe that you soak your sheets with sweat.

Hot flashes are super common. More than 3 out of 4 people have them while going through perimenopause and menopause.

Nothing will make hot flashes stop completely, but there are some things you can do to help get some relief. Wearing light, loose clothes, keeping your room cool, drinking cold liquids, and avoiding alcohol and caffeine can help you stay cool.;

Prescription hot flash treatments can be helpful, too. Hormone therapy works best to treat hot flashes, but other medicines like SSRIs and SNRIs and clonidine may also help. Research shows that herbs, vitamins, acupuncture, and reflexology dont help with hot flashes.

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At What Age Does A Woman Typically Reach Menopause

The average age of menopause is 51 years old. However, there is no way to predict when an individual woman will have menopause or begin having symptoms suggestive of menopause. The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is also not related to the age of menopause onset. Most women reach menopause between the ages of 45 and 55, but menopause may occur as earlier as ages 30s or 40s, or may not occur until a woman reaches her 60s. As a rough “rule of thumb,” women tend to undergo menopause at an age similar to that of their mothers.

Symptoms and signs related to the menopausal transition such as irregularities in the menstrual cycle, can begin up to 10 years prior to the last menstrual period.

Dealing With The Symptoms Of Menopause

5 strange menopause symptoms you might experience

You could argue that the physical and mental changes that occur during menopause aren’t really “symptoms.” The term is usually associated with a disease, which menopause is not. Also, it is often hard to say which changes are a direct result of a drop in hormone levels and which are natural consequences of aging. Some of the symptoms overlap or have a cascade effect. For example, vaginal dryness may contribute to a lower sex drive, and frequent nighttime hot flashes may be a factor in insomnia.

Hot flashes and vaginal dryness are the two symptoms most frequently linked with menopause. Other symptoms associated with menopause include sleep disturbances, urinary complaints, sexual dysfunction, mood changes, and quality of life. However, these symptoms don’t consistently correlate with the hormone changes seen with menopause transition.

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Vaginal Dryness And Pain With Intercourse

The decreased production of estrogen and progesterone can affect the thin layer of moisture that coats the vaginal walls. Women can experience vaginal dryness at any age, but it can be a particular problem for women going through menopause.

Signs can include itching around the vulva and stinging or burning. Vaginal dryness can make intercourse painful and may cause you to feel like you need to urinate frequently. To combat dryness, try a water-based lubricant or a vaginal moisturizer.

If you still feel discomfort, talk to your doctor. Having sex or other sexual activity involving the female genitals can increase blood flow to that area. This helps keep the vagina more lubricated and also may prevent the vagina from becoming smaller.

How To Handle Hot Flashes

My flashes started seriously last fall. Ill sense one coming on and within seconds my internal temperature flares. It begins in my lower back and radiates through my torso until all I want to do is strip off my pants and shirt and run outside. At night I retreat to another room, away from my husbands warm body, where I can blast the fan high. Lucy Montgomery, 51, a pet sitter in Grass Valley, CA

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What Are The 34 Symptoms Of Menopause

by Haley FritzFeb 2, 2021

When you think of a woman going through menopause, you might think of symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness, or mood swings.

These symptoms receive a lot of attention due to the fact that there are over-the-counter and prescription drug remedies designed especially to target them. However, the symptoms of menopause are actually far more complex than these companies let on!

In total, there are 34 different symptoms that can be attributed to menopause. A woman going through menopause might experience some or all of these symptoms, ranging from mild to severe.

Read on to learn more about the menopause process and how it might affect a womans health and well-being.

Common Signs Of Menopause

How menopause can affect your sex drive, and what to do ...

Menopause is a natural biological process, and although it ends fertility, women can stay healthy, vital, and sexual. Even so, the physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt your sleep, lower your energy orfor some womentrigger anxiety or feelings of sadness and loss.

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Can Menopause Affect My Sex Life

After menopause, your body has less estrogen. This major change in your hormonal balance can affect your sex life. Many menopausal women may notice that theyre not as easily aroused as before. Sometimes, women also may be less sensitive to touch and other physical contact than before menopause.

These feelings, coupled with the other emotional changes you may be experiencing, can all lead to a decreased interest in sex. Keep in mind that your body is going through a lot of change during menopause. Some of the other factors that can play a role in a decreased sex drive can include:

  • Having bladder control problems.
  • Having trouble sleeping through the night.
  • Experiencing stress, anxiety or depression.
  • Coping with other medical conditions and medications.

All of these factors can disrupt your life and even cause tension in your relationship. In addition to these changes, the lower levels of estrogen in your body can actually cause a decrease in the blood supply to the vagina. This can cause dryness. When you dont have the right amount of lubrication in the vagina, it can be thin, pale and dry. This can lead to painful intercourse.

Advice From Other Women

  • Watch your diet. Lucys flashes decreased when she gave up hot chai tea and instead sipped cold water and pressed cucumber juice.
  • Place an ice pack under your pillow. When she wakes up on fire at night, Lucy flips her pillow to chill her neck and head.
  • Dress in layers. Often Lucy dons a yoga top or a sports bra under her shirt: Before I go out, I think, What can I strip down to without getting arrested?

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Eat Lots Of Fruit And Vegetables

A diet rich in fruits and vegetables can help prevent a number of menopause symptoms.

Fruits and veggies are low in calories and can help you feel full, so theyre great for weight loss and weight maintenance.

They may also help prevent a number of diseases, including heart disease .

This is important, since heart disease risk tends to increase after menopause. This could be due to factors such as age, weight gain or possibly reduced estrogen levels.

Finally, fruits and vegetables may also help prevent bone loss.

One observational study of 3,236 women aged 5059 found that diets high in fruit and vegetables may lead to less bone breakdown .

Bottom Line:

A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may help keep bones healthy, and can help prevent weight gain and certain diseases.

What Is Perimenopause Its When Menopause Symptoms Begin

The first signs & symptoms of menopause

Perimenopause or pre-menopause is a word that means around menopause. Perimenopause describes what happens to your body leading up to menopause. This stage typically starts about four to eight years before menopause.

When you enter perimenopause youll probably start to notice some early menopause symptoms like changes to your period or mood shifts. These changes happen because your bodys estrogen and progesterone levels are starting to naturally decline. As your ovaries produce lower amounts of these hormones, your body adapts. Its basically the reverse of what happened to your hormones as a teenager.

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Natural Ways To Reduce Symptoms Of Menopause

Menopause begins in the late 40s or early 50s for most women. It usually lasts for a few years.

During this time, at least two-thirds of women experience symptoms of menopause (

1 ).

In addition, menopausal women are at a higher risk of several diseases including osteoporosis, obesity, heart disease and diabetes (

Here is a list of 11 natural ways to reduce the symptoms of menopause.

Menopause Symptoms: Age 50

Most women will have their last period around the age of 50. Twelve months without a period later, menopause is reached and post-menopause begins.

As menopause gets closer, your estrogen and progesterone levels start to decline more rapidly. As a result, your symptoms will likely become more intense.

Your periods will probably become more irregular. You may experience greater mood swings. And you might experience an increase in insomnia. Plus, youll likely start experiencing new symptoms that are common right around or right after reaching menopause, including:

Hot flashes and chills

Hot flashes can happen during pre-menopause, but theyre most often reported right around menopause and in the first few years of post-menopause. These are sensations of heat that develop around your face, neck and chest, and may spread to other areas of your body. They usually last for just a few minutes.

Alongside the feeling of heat, your skin may redden, you may sweat, your heart rate might increase and your mood may change. Afterward, you may feel chills.

Doctors arent sure why hot flashes happen but there are ways to lessen their impact. Some tips include:

  • Try to stay in cooler environments
  • Dress lightly or wear layers you can remove
  • Manage stress

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What Is Hormone Therapy

During menopause, your body goes through major hormonal changes, decreasing the amount of hormones it makes particularly estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen and progesterone are produced by the ovaries. When your ovaries no longer make enough estrogen and progesterone, hormone therapy can be used as a supplement. Hormone therapy boosts your hormone levels and can help relieve some symptoms of menopause. Its also used as a preventative measure for osteoporosis.

There are two main types of hormone therapy:

  • Estrogen therapy : In this treatment, estrogen is taken alone. Its typically prescribed in a low dose and can be taken as a pill or patch. ET can also be given to you as a cream, vaginal ring, gel or spray. This type of treatment is used after a hysterectomy. Estrogen alone cant be used if a woman still has a uterus.
  • Estrogen Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy : This treatment is also called combination therapy because it uses doses of estrogen and progesterone. Progesterone is available in its natural form, or also as a progestin . This type of hormone therapy is used if you still have your uterus.

Hormone therapy can relieve many of the symptoms of menopause, including:

  • Hot flashes and night sweats.
  • Vaginal dryness.

Symptom : Inflammation Of Gingiva

Stop The Myths

Your gums are susceptible due to the hormonal changes in your body. For example, lower estrogen levels could make your gums inflamed. When your gums become inflamed, they easily swell and bleed. However, this is not a permanent condition as your dentist could help you treat the gingivitis that menopause causes. In addition, some medicines can help you reduce and manage these symptoms.

However, the best thing you can do is to get treatment quickly when you have menopausal gingivitis. The reason for this is that if you leave it untreated, it could evolve into periodontitis.

Periodontitis is an inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth. Periodontitis could progress to a situation where you would lose your jawbone and have scattered teeth.

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What Is The Menopause

The menopause refers to that time in every womans life when her periods stop and her ovaries lose their reproductive function. Usually, this occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, but in a few exceptional cases women may become menopausal in their 30s, or even younger. This is then known as a premature menopause, or premature ovarian insufficiency.

The menopause is influenced by hormones or more correctly, by a change in hormone levels. During a womans fertile years, her ability to produce an egg each month is associated with the release of three reproductive hormones , that are referred to collectively as oestrogen. Oestrogen is mainly produced by the ovaries, though small amounts are also made by the adrenal glands and by the placenta of a pregnant woman.

It is oestrogen which stimulates female characteristics at puberty and controls a womans reproductive cycle: the development and release of an egg each month for implantation in the uterus , and the way in which the lining of the womb thickens to accept a fertilized egg. The monthly period happens because no implantation has taken place there is no pregnancy and the lining of the womb is shed.

At around the age of 50-55 years, the monthly cycle stops completely so no more ovulations, no more periods and no more pregnancies. This is the menopause.

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