Vaginal Lubricants For Menopause Symptoms
In women for whom oral or vaginal estrogens are deemed inappropriate, such as breast cancer survivors, or women who do not wish to take oral or vaginal estrogen, there are varieties of over-the-counter vaginal lubricants. However, they are probably not as effective in relieving vaginal symptoms as replacing the estrogen deficiency with oral or local estrogen.
What Causes Menopause Does Every Woman Go Through Menopause
Yes, every woman will experience menopause. Menopause occurs due to a complex series of hormonal changes. Associated with the menopause is a decline in the number of functioning eggs within the ovaries. At the time of birth, most females have about 1 to 3 million eggs, which are gradually lost throughout a woman’s life. By the time of a girl’s first menstrual period, she has an average of about 400,000 eggs. By the time of menopause, a woman may have fewer than 10,000 eggs. A small percentage of these eggs are lost through normal ovulation . Most eggs die off through a process called atresia .
- Normally, FSH, or follicle-stimulating hormone , is the substance responsible for the growth of ovarian follicles during the first half of a woman’s menstrual cycle. As menopause approaches, the remaining eggs become more resistant to FSH, and the ovaries dramatically reduce their production of estrogen.
- Estrogen affects many parts of the body, including the blood vessels, heart, bone, breasts, uterus, urinary system, skin, and brain. Loss of estrogen is believed to be the cause of many of the symptoms associated with menopause. At the time of menopause, the ovaries also decrease their production of testosterone — a hormone involved in libido, or sexual drive.
What Are The Stages Leading Up To Menopause
After puberty, there are three other phases of female fertility:
- Pre-menopause:;Women have full ovarian function, regularly produce estrogen and ovulate.
- Perimenopause:;The ovaries begin to fluctuate in their ovulation and production of estrogen, which can result in unpredictable menstrual cycles and symptoms.
- Menopause: When the ovaries have shut down. Someone would be in menopause after 12 months without menses.
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Home Remedies: Vitamin E Black Cohosh And Herbs
Some women report that vitamin Esupplements can provide relief from mild hot flashes, but scientific studies are lacking to prove the effectiveness of vitamin E in relieving symptoms of menopause. Taking a dosage greater than 400 international units of vitamin E may not be safe, since some studies have suggested that greater dosages may be associated with cardiovascular disease risk.
Other alternative therapies for menopause symptoms
There are many supplements and substances that have been advertised as “natural” treatments for symptoms of menopause, including licorice, dong Quai, chaste berry, and wild yam. Scientific studies have not proven the safety or effectiveness of these products.
How Can I Treat The Symptoms
There are a bunch of ways.
Lifestyle changes. A healthy diet and regular exercise program will help manage your symptoms and boost your health. This is a great time to finally kick any old, unhealthy habits like smoking or drinking too much alcohol. To help with hot flashes, dress lightly and in layers. Avoid triggers like caffeine and spicy foods. And if you stay sexually active, that may help preserve your vaginal lining.
Prescription medication for hot flashes. If you still have your uterus, your doctor might prescribe treatment with estrogen and progesterone. This is called combination hormone therapy or hormone replacement therapy . It helps with hot flashes and night sweats, and it may help prevent osteoporosis. If you donât have a uterus, you might get estrogen alone.
Hormone therapy isnât for everyone. Donât take it if you’ve ever had breast cancer, uterine or “endometrial” cancer, blood clots, liver disease, or a stroke. Also don’t take it if you might be pregnant or you have undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.
If you can’t or don’t want to take hormones, other medications can ease symptoms. They include antidepressants, antiseizure drugs, or blood pressure medications to help with hot flashes and mood swings.
Prescription and OTC medication for vaginal dryness and sleep problems. You can try topical estrogen, lubricants, and non-estrogen prescriptions for dryness and painful sex. OTC or prescription sleep aids can help if you have trouble falling asleep.
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Hormonal Changes Can Affect Men Physically And Emotionally
Menopause is often associated with hot flashes and mood swings in women. So, do hormonal changes with similar symptoms occur in men as they age? Is male menopause a real medical issue?
The answer is yes. But male menopause is just one easy way to describe it.
Male menopause is a condition that affects older men. It carries a set of symptoms that are linked to declining testosterone levels and aging. It is also referred to as andropause, androgen decline in the aging male, late onset hypogonadism and low testosterone.
Not every man will experience this. But the symptoms are very real, says Luigi Simone, MD, a family medicine physician at Scripps Clinic Encinitas with a special focus on mens health. Theres a reason its called male menopause. Its because it can produce many of the same symptoms as female menopause.
Those symptoms include irritability, weight gain, low sex drive and function, problems sleeping, depression, fatigue and loss of strength. It may even include hot flashes.
While doctors can treat these symptoms, male menopause is difficult to identify. Thats because the symptoms in many cases may have nothing to do with testosterone deficiency, but with other conditions.
Why do men experience low testosterone?
A decline in testosterone and symptoms that may arise are gradual compared to what women experience during menopause.
Male menopause symptoms
What does a blood test do?
Why Does Menopause Happen
Natural menopause menopause that happens in your early 50s and is not caused by surgery or another medical condition is a normal part of aging. Menopause is defined as a complete year without menstrual bleeding, in the absence of any surgery or medical condition that may cause bleeding to artificially stop As you age, the reproductive cycle begins to slow down and prepares to stop. This cycle has been continuously functioning since puberty. As menopause nears, the ovaries make less of a hormone called estrogen. When this decrease occurs, your menstrual cycle starts to change. It can become irregular and then stop. Physical changes can also happen as your body adapts to different levels of hormones. The symptoms you experience during each stage of menopause are all part of your bodys adjustment to these changes.
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What Is Perimenopause Its When Menopause Symptoms Begin
Perimenopause or pre-menopause is a word that means around menopause. Perimenopause describes what happens to your body leading up to menopause. This stage typically starts about four to eight years before menopause.
When you enter perimenopause youll probably start to notice some early menopause symptoms like changes to your period or mood shifts. These changes happen because your bodys estrogen and progesterone levels are starting to naturally decline. As your ovaries produce lower amounts of these hormones, your body adapts. Its basically the reverse of what happened to your hormones as a teenager.
Why You Might Be Asking: What Age Does Menopause Start
Your friends menopause started in her early 40s.
Your sisters periods didnt stop until she was in her mid-50s.
You know someone who went through menopause in her 30s.
Although the biological process is similar for all of us, the age that natural menopause starts is different for every woman, and can depend on factors like:
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Can Menopause Affect My Sex Life
After menopause, your body has less estrogen. This major change in your hormonal balance can affect your sex life. Many menopausal women may notice that theyre not as easily aroused as before. Sometimes, women also may be less sensitive to touch and other physical contact than before menopause.
These feelings, coupled with the other emotional changes you may be experiencing, can all lead to a decreased interest in sex. Keep in mind that your body is going through a lot of change during menopause. Some of the other factors that can play a role in a decreased sex drive can include:
- Having bladder control problems.
- Having trouble sleeping through the night.
- Experiencing stress, anxiety or depression.
- Coping with other medical conditions and medications.
All of these factors can disrupt your life and even cause tension in your relationship. In addition to these changes, the lower levels of estrogen in your body can actually cause a decrease in the blood supply to the vagina. This can cause dryness. When you dont have the right amount of lubrication in the vagina, it can be thin, pale and dry. This can lead to painful intercourse.
Data Collection And Analysis
After entering the extracted documents into an EndNote library and removing the duplicates, the title and abstracts of the remaining papers will be evaluated in terms of relevance and irrelevant articles will be excluded. Two reviewers will then independently assess the eligibility of the full texts of relevant studies based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Any cases of disagreement between the two reviewers will be resolved through consensus.
After identifying eligible articles, two reviewers will independently extract the required data including study characteristics , menopause-related data including age at menopause and type of menopause , participant characteristics , and key measures , the crude odds ratio and adjusted OR, 95% CI , sample size , mean difference, and standard mean difference). Cohens d is determined by calculating the mean difference between two groups, and then dividing the result by the pooled standard deviation /SDpoole); mean ; standard deviation ; sample size ) via Web plot Digitizer. The confidence interval is used for the standard error .
All publications reporting similar findings of a single study will be regarded as one study. The authors of potentially relevant unpublished papers will also be contacted three times with 15-day intervals . The studies will be excluded if their authors fail to respond. All cases of disagreement between the two reviewers will be resolved through consensus.
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How Do You Know When Menopause Starts
Usually, it is not possible to predict when menopause will start. However, it can be helpful to have conversations with your mother or sisters to get an indicator of when you may expect menopause to begin for you.;
While the average age of menopause if 51 years of age, it can vary from person to person.;
The symptoms of perimenopause may help to indicate that the menopause will soon start.;
Determining Your Menopause Age
Theres no simple test that can tell you when youll reach menopause, but researchers are working on creating one.
Examining your family history may be the most accurate way to help you predict when you might experience the change. Youll likely reach menopause around the same age as your mother and, if you have any, sisters.
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Can Menopause Affect Sleep
Some women may experience trouble sleeping through the night and insomnia during menopause. Insomnia is an inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night. This can be a normal side effect of menopause itself, or it could be due to another symptom of menopause. Hot flashes are a common culprit of sleepless nights during menopause.
If hot flashes keep you awake at night, try:
- Staying cool at night by wearing loose clothing.
- Keeping your bedroom well-ventilated.
Avoiding certain foods and behaviors that trigger your hot flashes. If spicy food typically sets off a hot flash, avoid eating anything spicy before bed.
What Are The Signs Of Menopause
Menopause is a natural process that happens to every woman as she grows older, and is not a medical problem, disease or illness. Still, some women may have a hard time because of the changes in hormone levels during menopause.
There are many possible signs of menopause and each woman feels them differently. Most women have no or few menopausal symptoms while some women have many moderate or severe symptoms.
The clearest signs of the start of menopause are irregular periods , and when blood flow becomes lighter or heavier.
Other signs may include some of the following:
- weight gain;
- mood swings; and
- urinary tract infections.
Most of the time, these symptoms will lessen or go away after a woman has finished menopause.
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What Tests Diagnose Menopause
Because hormone levels may fluctuate greatly in an individual woman, even from one day to the next, hormone levels are not a reliable method for diagnosing menopause. There is no single blood test that reliably predicts when a woman is going through the menopausal transition, so there is currently no proven role for blood testing to diagnose menopause. The only way to diagnose menopause is to observe the lack of menstrual periods for 12 months in a woman in the expected age range.
What Age Is Considered Early For Menopause
If you reach menopause before age 40, that is considered premature menopause, says Faubion. This occurs in about 1 to 2 percent of women, she says.
Experiencing menopause at 40 to 45 years of age is called early menopause, and that occurs in about 5 to 7 percent of the population, so its safe to say that at least 7 percent of women are going to go through menopause early or prematurely, says Faubion. Menopause at age 46 or older is considered normal, she says.
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Age At Natural Menopause
We restricted age at menopause models to naturally menopausal women aged 60 or more years. Women whose self-reported age at menopause was less than the first percentile or greater than the 99th percentile were excluded from analyses . Women born in 19101939 were categorized into 5-year birth cohorts. In preliminary models , marital status, oral contraceptive use, parity, age at last birth, body mass index, height, education, and postmenopausal hormone use were individually associated with age at menopause . Age at menarche and alcohol consumption were not associated with age at menopause. Oral contraceptive use was not included in multivariable models because of the extremely low prevalence of use in early birth cohorts. All final models were adjusted for state, current cigarette smoking, education, parity, age at last birth, height, and body mass index and restricted to never users of postmenopausal hormones. Adjustment for marital status did not appreciably change mean age estimates but increased the standard error, so it was not included in multivariable models. After all the exclusions, 4,767 participants were available for analysis.
Evaluation Of Publication Bias
Prevention is the best approach to deal with publication bias. In order to minimize publication bias, no language limitation will be imposed during the search strategy. Moreover, if the number of eligible studies exceeds 10, the plot funnel method will be adopted to assess the publication bias. Beggs and Eggers methods and a combination of these two will be applied to measure publication bias when the numbers of studies are below 10, over 20, and 1020, respectively. When P values derived from the publication bias assessment are significant , the plot trim and fill method, which is a method based on simulation, will be used to correct the publication bias. This method simulates a number of studies in parts of the funnel plot where no points are scattered. The simulated points will represent missed studies . There will be no publication bias if this process does not transform a strong relationship into a weak one. Otherwise, a high level of publication bias is indicated.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Menopause
You may be transitioning into menopause if you begin experiencing some or all of the following symptoms:
- Hot flashes .
- Night sweats and/or cold flashes.
These symptoms can be a sign that the ovaries are producing less estrogen, or a sign of increased fluctuation in hormone levels. Not all women get all of these symptoms. However, women affected with new symptoms of racing heart, urinary changes, headaches, or other new medical problems should see a doctor to make sure there is no other cause for these symptoms.
What Can I Do To Help Myself
To help you manage hot flushes, simple things like wearing light clothing, using a fan and keeping your bedroom cool could help.
If youre struggling with your mood, consider trying self-help measures like relaxation, getting enough sleep and staying active.;Regular physical activity and eating a healthy diet can also help to improve menopausal symptoms.
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The Timing Of The Age At Which Natural Menopause Occurs
The age at the final menstrual period holds intrinsic clinical and public health interest because the age at which natural menopause occurs may be a marker of aging and health. Later age at natural menopause has been associated with:
longer overall survival and greater life expectancy and reduced all-cause mortality;
reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, and mortality from cardiovascular and ischemic heart disease, stroke, angina after myocardial infarction, and atherosclerosis;
less loss of bone density, and a reduced risk of osteoporosis and fracture;
but an increased risk of breast,, endometrial, and ovarian, cancers.
Although menopause is a universal phenomenon among women, the timing of the onset and the duration of the menopausal transition and the timing of the final menstrual period are not. Most of our knowledge and perceptions of menopause have been based largely on studies of white women, and many have been studies of clinic-based, rather than population-based, samples of women. Thus, until recently, much of the knowledge about the timing of the natural final menstrual period has been affected by the nature of the samples of women studied and a number of other methodologic differences in the studies of this phenomenon, which must be considered in comparing and summarizing their results.