How Its Used For Menopause Symptoms
Wild yam can be dried and taken in capsule form or drunk as a tincture. It is often sold as a cream that women rub into their skin. This cream is sometimes fortified with other herbs said to help the reproductive system such as black cohosh. Synthetic progesterone may also be added.
The hormones in wild yam cream are thought to penetrate the skin, enter the bloodstream and affect the imbalance of hormones that lead to menopause symptoms. In one study, 23 women rubbed wild yam cream into their skin for three months to see whether or not it relieved their symptoms. They also took a placebo and kept diaries of their symptoms. Their body fluids were tested after three and six months and researchers saw no changes in progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone or estradiol. All of these hormones affect menopause.
Can You Buy Fresh Wild Yam
Because wild yam is not used for food, you’re unlikely to find it in grocery stores or in anything other than supplements or creams. Even if you did happen upon a supplier, there are over 600 types of wild yam, only six of which are non-toxic.
On top of that, there are environmental concerns about the sustainability of wild yam. Dioscorea villosa is currently on the United Plant Savers “At Risk” list of endangered medicinal plants.
Special Precautions & Warnings
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Hormone-sensitive condition such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Wild yam might act like estrogen. If you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen, do not use wild yam.
Protein S deficiency: People with protein S deficiency have an increased risk of forming clots. There is some concern that wild yam might increase the risk of clot formation in these people because it might act like estrogen. There is one case report of a patient with protein S deficiency and systemic lupus erythematosus who developed a clot in the vein serving the retina in her eye 3 days after taking a combination product containing wild yam, dong quai, red clover, and black cohosh. If you have protein S deficiency, it is best to avoid using wild yam until more is known.
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Health And Nutrition Benefits Of Yams
Yams are a type of tuber vegetable that originated in Asia, Africa, and the Carribean .
Theyre often mistaken for sweet potatoes. However, yams are less sweet and more starchy.
They have a distinct brown, bark-like exterior. The flesh can be white, yellow, purple, or pink depending on the maturity of the yam.
These tubers are highly nutritious, versatile, and may benefit your health in many ways.
Here are 11 health and nutrition benefits of yams.
Yams are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
One cup of baked yams provides (
- Vitamin C: 18% of the Daily Value
- Vitamin B5: 9% of the DV
- Manganese: 22% of the DV
- Magnesium: 6% of the DV
- Potassium: 19% of the DV
- Thiamine: 11% of the DV
- Copper: 23% of the DV
- Folate: 6% of the DV
Yams are not only an excellent source of fiber but also high in potassium and manganese, which are important for supporting bone health, growth, metabolism, and heart function .
These tubers also provide decent amounts of other micronutrients, such as copper and vitamin C.
Copper is vital for red blood cell production and iron absorption, while vitamin C is a strong antioxidant that can boost your immune system .
Summary Yams are packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Theyre particularly rich in potassium, manganese, copper, and vitamin C.
Does Wild Yam Increase Oestrogen Or Progesterone
As weve already mentioned, oestrogen-like compounds in wild yam may help ease menopausal symptoms.
A double-blind placebo-controlled trial of 13 peri-and post-menopausal women in 1997 found that those taking wild yam combined with other herbs experienced a reduction in the number and severity of menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes, mood changes and insomnia.3
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Health Benefits Of Wild Yam
- 07 September, 2020
- 5 min read
Wild yams have been used as medicine for centuries. The Native Americans used them for ailments like colic and rheumatism. Not to be confused with the orange, potato-like vegetable we eat, wild yam is used as a supplement for its health benefits.
Although historically used for a variety of disorders, wild yam is most often discussed today for its ability to help with female hormones and hormone-related conditions.
Here’s more about this herb, the potential benefits of wild yam, and how to use it.
Potential Benefits Of Wild Yam Extract
Claims have been made that wild yam can provide benefit in the area of reproductive health, specifically ameliorating premenstrual syndromes and post-menopausal symptoms. In addition, wild yam can reportedly be used as an antispasmodic for relaxing muscles, regulating uterine contractions and could potentially help menstrual cramps. Interestingly, Native Americans have used wild yam for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. It has also been described as a stimulant for increased bile flow and can relieve liver congestion and gallstones. In traditional medicine in China, Korea and Japan, yam has been used to expedite the healing process of ulcers, boils and other skin diseases.
Is any of this true? If so, why havent physicians been telling all of us about it?
Well here are a few true facts about wild yam:
Originally, it was created by using the fats and oils from wild yam to produce hormones. As a result, wild yam has been promoted as a natural hormone replacement therapy. Within its roots and bulb, wild yam contains steroidal saponins based on a chemical called diosgenin it takes three steps to convert wild yam oil into a chemical match for the progesterone produced by the ovaries.
Needless to say, leave hormone replacement up to your gynecologist and endocrinologist discretion. They will be able to determine what you need with proper hormone testing for appropriate symptoms.
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Doi Protein Extraction And Column Purification
Crude protein extracts were obtained from the Chinese yam, Dioscorea opposita Thunb. The protein preparations were separated by chromatography on a HiPrep 16/10 DEAE FF column using an AKTA Purifier Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography system . Fraction D3 had estrogen-stimulating activity and was collected and dialyzed. It was purified on a HiPrep 16/10 Phenyl FF column by FPLC. Active fraction P1 was dialyzed and further purified on a Superdex 75 10/300 GL column by FPLC. The purified active protein , designated as DOI, was obtained at a yield of 0.36% of the total soluble proteins extracted from Dioscorea opposita Thunb. The purification steps are summarized in .
Purification of DOI on a HiPrep 16/10 DEAE FF column. Fraction D3 was further purified on a HiPrep 16/10 Phenyl FF column. Fraction P1 was further purified on a Superdex 75 10/300 GL column and fraction S1 contained the DOI protein. 15% Native PAGE of DOI and 15% SDS-PAGE of DOI . The DOI protein was visualized by silver staining. Size measurement of DOI by mass spectrometry.
Risks And Side Effects
I cannot stress enough that there are insufficient studies on wild yam. Therefore, you need to consult with a doctor or herbalist first, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, suffer from any disease or are taking medication.
The University of Maryland Medical Center warns that wild yam extract could cause problems if you are currently taking estradiol, which is an active ingredient that may be in your birth control pill or hormone replacement therapy. Allergic reactions are possible, so it is best to stop taking wild yam extract if you experience rashes, swelling of the tongue or lips, difficulty breathing, or throat swelling.
Wild yam has many purported uses and benefits, but insufficient scientific data exists for some of them, such as menopause relief and hormonal balance. However, the the top five proven benefits of wild yam include:
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Hot Flushes And Night Sweats
Many herbal therapies have been tried for relief of hot flushes and night sweats in menopausal women. Some herbs have been found to be effective in reducing hot flushes, whereas others have been found to be no better than a placebo . Some have not been studied rigorously.
Black cohosh is perhaps the most extensively researched of all herbs used for managing menopausal symptoms. It is available in many different products, which vary in quality and effectiveness, and it can be combined with other herbs to tailor a formula specifically for hot flushes. Evidence is conflicting: some studies show it is effective and others do not.
St John’s wort, on its own or in combination with other herbs, has been shown to be significantly better than placebo in the treatment of menopausal symptoms. In combination with black cohosh or passionflower, St John’s wort may decrease hot flushes significantly and improve your mood compared to placebo.
Hops contain a potent phytoestrogen , and some research has shown that it may be useful for menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes.
Red clover also contains phytoestrogens called isoflavones that may help ease hot flushes and night sweats, but seemingly more so in women who are postmenopausal than perimenopausal .
Other herbal therapies such as dong quai, evening primrose, Korean ginseng and linseed continue to be used for hot flushes, but evidence is lacking, or shows they are no better than placebo.
Easy To Add To Your Diet
Due to their versatility, its easy to add yams to your diet. They can be bought whole or as a powder, flour, and even supplement.
These delicious tubers can be baked, boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, and pan-cooked.
Yams can be enjoyed with or without the skin and used in both sweet and savory dishes.
Here are some common ways to enjoy yams:
- Yam fries. Cut yams into wedges, add seasonings, and bake or fry them.
- Purée. Boil the tubers until soft, place in a blender, purée, and season them.
- Yam chips. Thinly slice peeled yams and bake or fry them.
- Mashed yams. Peel, boil, and mash your yams, then add milk and seasonings.
- Baked yams. Bake cubed yams until tender.
- Cheesy yam gratin. Thinly slice peeled yams and bake them with cheese and seasonings.
- Yam hash. Peel, dice, season, and then cook your yams in a pan.
- Add into baked goods. Use yam purée to add moisture to breads and muffins.
Adding different seasonings to your yam dishes, such as cinnamon, nutmeg, oregano, or thyme, can diversify sweet and savory dishes.
Summary Yams are nutritious, versatile, and easy to prepare, making them a great ingredient to cook with.
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What Is Wild Yam Used For
Wild yam is believed to influence hormone balances in a way that can alleviate conditions like morning sickness, premenstrual syndrome , hot flashes, menstrual cramps, vaginal dryness, low libido, and osteoporosis.
Herbal supplements manufacturers will often describe wild yam as “natural estrogen” or “natural DHEA” despite the fact that diosgenin cannot be converted into any of these steroids in the body.
Moreover, contrary to health claims, diosgenin is not a phytoestrogen and interacts in no way with estrogen receptors in the body.
Alternative practitioners will often claim that wild yam can treat stomach upset, diverticulosis, gallbladder pain, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. The evidence supporting these claims is generally weak.
Chemical Characterization Of Doi
The molecular weight of DOI was determined by size-exclusion chromatography on a Superdex 75 10/300 GL column , by mass spectrometry and by 15% Native PAGE and 15% SDS-PAGE with silver staining. The N-terminal sequence was determined by Edman degradation using a 494 Procise Protein Sequencer/140C Analyzer with the assistance of the Protein Facility of Iowa State University, USA. The N-terminal sequence was searched with BLAST. The partial amino acid sequence was measured by mass spectrometry with the support of the Proteomics Centre in the VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. DOI was redissolved in 50mM ammonium bicarbonate and incubated with 300ng trypsin/Lys-C Mix at 37°C for 16h and then dried in a speedvac. Peptides were analyzed by nanoLC-MS/MS using an Ultimate 3000 LC system coupled to the TripleTop 5600 mass spectrometer . Peptides were trapped on a PepMap 100 C18 column and fractionated on a Alltima C18 column . The acetonitrile concentration in the mobile phase was increased from 5% to 40% in 30min and to 90% in 3min at a flow rate of 400nL/min. The eluted peptides were electrosprayed into the TripleTop MS. The mass spectrometer was operated in a data-dependent mode with a single MS full scan followed by top 20 MS/MS scan. The data were searched with MaxQuant using the UniProt/SwissProt plant database.
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Advantages Of Chemical Substitution Treatment
There is a lot of writing talking about the advantages of chemical substitution treatment, notwithstanding, numerous individuals regularly confound characteristic and engineered as great and awful. The truth of the matter is that bio-indistinguishable chemicals are accessible from your PCP, in the event that you determine and state you would want to utilize common chemicals. Because the progesterone is orchestrated in a research facility doesnt mean it is manufactured or terrible.
The truth of the matter is, the common type of progesterone, not at all like the segment dysgenic, which isnt found in the human body, is better for you, despite the fact that it is made in a lab. It very well may be more hazardous to utilize a chemical like substance, as dysgenic, that could be unsafe to your wellbeing.
It is frequently asserted that common progesterone has no results, nonetheless, it is a chemical, and has various results that you ought to know about, these include:
A sensation of elation
How Can It Be Used To Treat My Estrogen Deficiency
As its several scientific names suggest, wild yam contains a substance called diosgenin, which can be converted into dehydroepiandrosterone , progesterone, or an estrogen-like steroid in a laboratory. Many supplements containing wild yam are marketed as natural alternatives to HRT, but this claim can be misleading. While the extracts used to make the treatments do occur naturally in plants, those extracts are scientifically manipulated to act as estrogen and/or progesterone in the body.
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Most Drug Companies Are Not Interested In Natural Medicines As They Can Not Be Patented
What they try to do, if they find a plant with medicinal value, is to isolate and transform the active ingredient. The new molecule needs to be patented and these modifications are what causes the synthetic substance to have a wide range of side effects.
Bioidentical progesterone supplementation and benefits of wild yam menopause include, protection against endometrial cancer, protection against breast cancer, increases your sex drive, improves new bone formation and helps you with weight loss.
With natural progesterone supplementation, you can experience wild yam benefits like scalp hair growth, improved sleep patterns, migraines prevention and improvement with in vitro fertilization.
Wild Yam For Heart Health
After menopause, women have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to a drop in oestrogen, which supports their heart health.
Some experts now believe another use of wild yam could be to reduce cholesterol levels, helping protect against heart disease.8
One study published in the journal, Life Sciences, in 1996 that explored the benefits of wild yam revealed that older people taking wild yam had lower triglyceride levels9 a type of fat found in the blood.
More research is required to clarify whether wild yam would be beneficial for people with high cholesterol.
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Hormone Replacement Therapy Or Birth Control Pills
An animal study indicated that the active component of wild yam, diosgenin, may interact with estradiol. Estradiol is a hormone that occurs naturally in the body and also is used in some birth control medications and certain hormone replacement therapies.
If you are currently being treated with either of these medications, you should not use wild yam without first talking to your provider.
Whats The Bottom Line On Wild Yam
Based on what Ive read, I have to conclude that yam oil does not have sufficient clinical evidence to show that it can help with pelvic floor dysfunction. As a clinic, we are always hesitant to blindly believe in anything a physician does not prescribe, especially since every person is different and may react individually to certain ingredients. Please ask your physician before using wild yam in any form, and use it at your own risk it may or may not be beneficial.
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Menopause Benefits Of Wild Yam
Also primarily known as Dioscorea Villosa, Wild Yam has been used for centuries in Eastern medicine. Its applications are varied. Mostly known for treating menopausal symptoms, the Wild Yam has also been used to treat inflammation, abdominal cramping, menstrual cramps, nervous conditions, high cholesterol, gallstones, urinary tract issues and liver problems. Wild Yam is not the same as the yams or sweet potatoes purchased at the supermarket.
Because it contains steroidal saponins it appears to be effective as an anti-inflammatory. Saponin originates from the word soap as these compounds taste bitter and tend to foam when exposed to liquids. These saponins mimic human hormones and can be converted to progesterone and estrogen but in a weaker form than synthesized hormones.
Wild Yam extracts are plant based and weaker in strength hormonally, they are an ideal choice for the treatment of menopausal symptoms.
Although considered generally safe, Wild Yam should not be taken by those women with estrogen dependent cancers, during pregnancy or breast feeding or by those who are taking other forms of hormone treatment.
As with any supplement, consult your health care provider if you have questions regarding the use of Wild Yam.