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Is 42 Too Early For Menopause

Is There A Difference Between Menopause And Pregnancy

Are you too young for perimenopause? Age of onset of perimenopause.

Pregnancy and menopause share a lot of similar symptoms. For women age 40 and older, telling the difference between pregnancy and menopause may be more difficult. Understanding the symptoms of menopause and pregnancy will help you figure out what youre experiencing. There are many symptoms that may accompany pregnancy and menopause.

Easing The Transition To Menopause

A genetic test may one day determine a persons likelihood of early menopause. For now, though, only time will tell when youll start your transition.

See your doctor for regular checkups, and be proactive about your reproductive health. Doing so can help your doctor ease the symptoms or decrease your risk factors for early menopause.

Seeing a therapist can also help you cope with any pain or anxiety you may feel during menopause.

How Is Premature Menopause And Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Treated

Management of the condition can vary depending on why menopause started earlier than normal. Given the health risks associated with early menopause, hormone replacement therapy is routinely recommended to all women with premature menopause or primary ovarian insufficiency, unless there is a compelling reason it cant be used. There is a lot of confusion about the safety of hormone therapies. Many of the risks of hormone therapy used after natural menopause are not thought to apply to women who have premature menopause. It is important to discuss the pros and cons of hormone therapy with your doctor. Some healthcare providers have additional certification in the management of menopause, and these providers will be a valuable resource when receiving conflicting information about the safety of hormone therapy.

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How Is Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Treated

Currently, there is no proven treatment to restore normal function to a woman’s ovaries. But there are treatments for some of the symptoms of POI. There are also ways to lower your health risks and treat the conditions that POI can cause:

  • Hormone replacement therapy .HRT is the most common treatment. It gives your body the estrogen and other hormones that your ovaries are not making. HRT improves sexual health and decreases the risks for heart disease and osteoporosis. You usually take it until about age 50 that’s about the age when menopause usually begins.
  • Calcium and vitamin D supplements. Because women with POI are at higher risk for osteoporosis, you should take calcium and vitamin D every day.
  • In vitro fertilization . If you have POI and you wish to become pregnant, you may consider trying IVF.
  • Regular physical activity and a healthy body weight.Getting regular exercise and controlling your weight can lower your risk for osteoporosis and heart disease.
  • Treatments for associated conditions. If you have a condition that is related to POI, it is important to treat that as well. Treatments may involve medicines and hormones.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Calcium And Vitamin D

Pin on perimenapause

A combination of calcium and vitamin D can reduce the risk of osteoporosis, the bone loss associated with menopause. The best sources are from calcium-rich and vitamin D-fortified foods.

Doctors are currently reconsidering the use of calcium and vitamin D supplements. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force advises that healthy postmenopausal women don’t need to take these supplements. According to the USPSTF, taking daily low-dose amounts of vitamin D supplements , with or without calcium supplements , does not prevent fractures. For higher doses, the USPSTF says there is not enough evidence to make a recommendation. In addition to possible lack of benefit, these supplements are associated with certain risks, like kidney stones.

However, calcium and vitamin D are important nutrients. Supplements may be appropriate for certain people including those who do not get enough vitamin D through sunlight exposure and those who do not consume enough calcium in their diet. They are also helpful for people who have been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Talk with your doctor about whether or not you should take supplements.

The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends:

Calcium

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of calcium in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract and is the essential companion to calcium in maintaining strong bones.

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What Other Problems Can Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Cause

Since POI causes you to have lower levels of certain hormones, you are at greater risk for other health conditions, including

  • Anxiety and depression. Hormonal changes caused by POI can contribute to anxiety or lead to depression.
  • Dry eye syndrome and eye surface disease. Some women with POI have one of these eye conditions. Both can cause discomfort and may lead to blurred vision. If not treated, these conditions can cause permanent eye damage.
  • Heart disease. Lower levels of estrogen can affect the muscles lining the arteries and can increase the buildup of cholesterol in the arteries. These factors increase your risk of atherosclerosis .
  • Infertility.
  • Low thyroid function. This problem also is called hypothyroidism. The thyroid is a gland that makes hormones that control your body’s metabolism and energy level. Low levels thyroid hormones can affect your metabolism and can cause very low energy, mental sluggishness, and other symptoms.
  • Osteoporosis. The hormone estrogen helps keep bones strong. Without enough estrogen, women with POI often develop osteoporosis. It is a bone disease that causes weak, brittle bones that are more likely to break.

What Else Affects When A Woman Will Finally Stop Having Menstrual Periods

Researchers continue to explore a number of factors that may influence the timing of menopause.

The level of education a woman has completed is one thing that seems to correlate with menopause timing, says Faubion. Women who have more education tend to go through menopause later, she says.

A study published in January 2020 in JAMA Network Open found that pregnancy and breastfeeding may reduce the risk of early menopause.

How frequently a woman has sex has also been correlated with early menopause. A study published in January 2020 in Royal Society Open Science found that women who had sex at least once a week were less likely to go through menopause compared with women who had sex less than once a month.

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What Causes Early Menopause

Researchers have identified several causes of early menopause, but in some cases, the underlying cause cant be determined.

Genetics

Very often, the cause is genetic if there is no obvious medical reason for early menopause. You likely inherited this tendency. If your mother started menopause early, you are more likely to follow that pattern. But genes arent the only trigger.

Lifestyle Factors

Your lifestyle can affect the onset of menopause. Smoking can contribute to early menopause as nicotine has anti-estrogen effects. The Mayo Clinic reports that women who smoke may start menopause one to two years earlier than women who dont smoke.

Thin women with lower Body mass index may experience early menopause. Estrogen is stored in fat tissue. Thin women have fewer estrogen stores, and they can be depleted sooner.

Vegetarian diet, lack of sun exposure, and lack of exercise throughout your life can cause early menopause.

There’s a close link to heart disease and menopause. Here you’ll find out how menopause can lead to heart disease and what the risk factors are.

Chromosome Defects

Various chromosomal defects can lead to early menopause.

Turner syndrome is a condition in which the ovaries dont function properly, which can cause early menopause.

Pure gonadal dysgenesis is a variation on Turner syndrome that requires hormone replacement therapy , usually during adolescence, to stimulate the ovaries.

Autoimmune Diseases

Epilepsy

Also linked to early menopause:

Starting Periods At A Young Age Is Linked To Early Menopause

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Women are more likely to go through menopause early if they started menstruating before their 12th birthday.

This is the conclusion of the largest study of its kind, involving 50,000 postmenopausal women in the UK, Australia, Japan and Scandinavia.

On average, a first period arrived around age 13 and the last when the women were 50. But 14 per cent had their first period before they were 12, and 10 per cent had their last period before they turned 45.

To investigate whether there was a link between early menstruation and early menopause, Gita Mishra at the University of Queensland, Australia, and her colleagues performed a statistical analysis, adjusting for possible confounding variables like weight and smoking.

They found that women who began menstruating before the age of 12 were 31 per cent more likely to have an early menopause between the ages of 40 and 44.

Of the women who had their first period when they were 13, only 1.8 per cent had premature menopause , and 7.2 per cent reached menopause early. But in women who had their first period when they were 11 or younger, 3.1 per cent had premature menopause, and 8.8 per cent went through it early.

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What Is Perimenopause Its When Menopause Symptoms Begin

Perimenopause or pre-menopause is a word that means around menopause. Perimenopause describes what happens to your body leading up to menopause. This stage typically starts about four to eight years before menopause.

When you enter perimenopause youll probably start to notice some early menopause symptoms like changes to your period or mood shifts. These changes happen because your bodys estrogen and progesterone levels are starting to naturally decline. As your ovaries produce lower amounts of these hormones, your body adapts. Its basically the reverse of what happened to your hormones as a teenager.

Opinionaging Is A Woman’s Secret Power And The Data Proves It

I wouldnt know how to function outside of a big, generationally anomalous family, where I sometimes identify more with my nieces than my sisters. And Ive loved defying expectations and going my own way whether its not changing my last name, working for myself or reversing traditional gender roles when my husband became a stay-at-home dad a dozen years ago. All told, the experience of zigging where others zag has been tremendous. Ive found my greatest joys by skirting away from the expected.

Thats why Im now thinking early menopause may be my greatest opportunity yet.

First, as a writer who specializes in writing about honesty, this experience offers a chance to speak with candor about a thing so many people dont want to talk about. If the prevailing wisdom is, “Shhh, dont talk about hot flashes,” you can bet Im going to tell everyone about them. I believe we should talk openly about the things that happen with our bodies to combat shame, embarrassment and just plain disinformation.

Dealing with menopause right now also puts me squarely in my body at a time of pandemic threat, where taking care of your health is more important than ever. No symptom is going to escape my watch, and Ill do what I can to keep myself and loved ones safe but active.

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Womens Wellness: 5 Things To Know About Early Menopause

So you missed a period. Or two. You think to yourself, Im too young for menopause. Right?

Not necessarily. Early menopause, between the ages of 40 and 45, affects about 5 percent of women. Premature menopause, before age 40, affects about 1 percent of women.

You are said to be in menopause if you have gone a full 12 months with no menstrual period. Thats when your ovaries stop making estrogen and progesterone, the female hormones necessary to maintain your menstrual cycles and fertility. For most women, menopause occurs naturally at about age 51. With increasing life expectancy, many women will spend up to 40 percent of their lives in the postmenopausal stage.

For some women, menopause is induced early because of treatments needed to save their lives, such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiation. For others, its genetic conditions, autoimmune disorders or even unknown reasons that bring about this change.

So, without a big neon billboard saying, Welcome to Menopause, what should you do? Here are 5 Things You Need to Know about Early Menopause:

3. Your family plans may change. If you wish to have a family, you may need to consider options such as freezing embryos or eggs. If you had planned to have children, you may need to allow yourself to envision a new dream, such as building your family through in vitro fertilization with donor eggs, adoption or surrogacy.

Menopause Symptoms: Age 50

Peri

Most women will have their last period around the age of 50. Twelve months without a period later, menopause is reached and post-menopause begins.

As menopause gets closer, your estrogen and progesterone levels start to decline more rapidly. As a result, your symptoms will likely become more intense.

Your periods will probably become more irregular. You may experience greater mood swings. And you might experience an increase in insomnia. Plus, youll likely start experiencing new symptoms that are common right around or right after reaching menopause, including:

Hot flashes and chills

Hot flashes can happen during pre-menopause, but theyre most often reported right around menopause and in the first few years of post-menopause. These are sensations of heat that develop around your face, neck and chest, and may spread to other areas of your body. They usually last for just a few minutes.

Alongside the feeling of heat, your skin may redden, you may sweat, your heart rate might increase and your mood may change. Afterward, you may feel chills.

Doctors arent sure why hot flashes happen but there are ways to lessen their impact. Some tips include:

  • Try to stay in cooler environments
  • Dress lightly or wear layers you can remove
  • Manage stress

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Signs And Symptoms Of Menopause At The Age Of :

Some women may experience menopause at an early stage at the age of 43, which can lead her towards tiredness, weakness, body ache, etc. below is the list of signs and symptoms which can occur due to menopause at the age of 43:

  • Abdominal bloating
  • Pain in muscles and joints

Signs and Symptoms of Menopause in detail:

Below is the list of signs and symptoms of menopause:

1. Hot Flushes: Hot flushes are the most commonly encountered factor women ask for treatment. They are sudden sensations of heat that usually rise from your body chest to your face and neck. They could last a period ranging from a few seconds to several minutes and usually stimulate a sweating at times they can be followed by a chill.

Hot flushes generally happen at night and disturb your sleep. Some women experience them many times a day they usually might go on for up to 5 years or even more. They generally start developing before your periods stops and continue for a year or 2 later.

Some women think that hot weather conditions, constrained spaces, hot drinks, hot and spicy foods, tension, caffeine, smoking or alcoholic beverages make hot flushes worse, while staying away from this stuff can help.

Other things that may help include things like:

  • wearing layers of such clothes which can be easily removed or put back on
  • using hand-held fan
  • keeping your face wet by using water spray
  • learn to meditate
  • using relaxation techniques such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy .

Osteoporosis

  • low calcium intake
  • smoking

How Is Premature Menopause Diagnosed

To diagnose premature menopause, your doctor will most likely perform a physical exam and draw blood to rule out other conditions, such as pregnancy and thyroid disease. They may also order a test to measure your estradiol levels. Low levels of estradiol, a form of estrogen, can indicate that your ovaries are starting to fail. When estradiol levels are below 30, it may signal that you are in menopause.

However, the most important test used to diagnose premature menopause is a blood test that measures follicle stimulating hormone . FSH causes your ovaries to produce estrogen. When your ovaries slow down their production of estrogen, your levels of FSH increase. When your FSH levels rise above 40 mIU/mL, it usually indicates that you are in menopause.

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Can Treating Menopause Improve Sleep

Two common menopause treatments include Estrogen Replacement Therapy , which increases estrogen, and Hormone Replacement Therapy , which increases estrogen and progesterone. Both of these treatments have proven effective in relieving menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes, insomnia, and mood.

However, HRT poses serious risks for some women, particularly those who have had blood clots, strokes, heart attack, and certain types of cancer. As a result, doctors are recommended to prescribe HRT at the lowest effective dose and only to use it as a short-term treatment. Its important to talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of HRT, as there are many approaches for managing menopausal symptoms.

Lower doses of antidepressants and SSRIs, including fluoxetine, paroxetine, and venlafaxine, can relieve menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes. Some, like Bazedoxifene, may relieve hot flashes while also increasing sleep quality.

Melatonin, your bodys natural sleep hormone, can also be taken as an over-the-counter medication. Low doses of melatonin improved mood and sleep onset in postmenopausal women. Like estrogen and progesterone, melatonin also .

Cognitive behavioral therapy is also effective in relieving insomnia, including symptoms associated with menopause. In CBT, you work with a trained therapist to recognize the thoughts and behaviors that are negatively impacting your sleep, and learn to replace them with healthier behaviors that promote good sleep.

When Does Menopause Begin

What are the early signs and symptoms of menopause?

Menopausal symptoms usually start from around age 47 years. The final menstrual period is usually about age 51 but can vary considerably. There is currently no reliable way to predict when you will experience menopause and what your menopausal symptoms will be like.

When menopause happens before 40 years it is called premature, and when it happens before 45 years it is called early. Menopause after age 45 years is considered normal and there is no upper age limit to when it can begin. However, most women have experienced menopause by age 55 years.

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