HomeHealthHow Old Do You Have To Be To Get Menopause

How Old Do You Have To Be To Get Menopause

Added Benefits Of Hrt

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HRT reduces the risk of various chronic conditions that can affect postmenopausal women, including:

  • diabetes taking HRT around the time of menopause reduces a womans risk of developing diabetes
  • osteoporosis HRT prevents further bone density loss, preserving bone integrity and reducing the risk of fractures, but it is not usually recommended as the first choice of treatment for osteoporosis, except in younger postmenopausal women
  • bowel cancer HRT slightly reduces the risk of colorectal cancer
  • cardiovascular disease HRT has been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease markers when used around the time of menopause.

Diagnosis Of Premature Or Early Menopause

Premature and early menopause is diagnosed using a number of tests including:

  • medical history, family history and medical examination
  • investigations to rule out other causes of amenorrhoea , such as pregnancy, extreme weight loss, other hormone disturbances and some diseases of the reproductive system
  • investigations into other conditions associated with premature or early menopause, such as autoimmune diseases
  • genetic tests to check for the presence of genetic conditions associated with premature or early menopause
  • blood tests to check hormone levels.

What Are The Signs Of Perimenopause

When it comes to reading about this natural process online, women scroll faster to the menopause symptoms. For instance, one of the most common negative consequences they experience is notorious hot flashes. Perhaps, they are not a true indicator, and they may be absent in perimenopause at 48 or in women who are older. if you do not have them, check the other conditions after which you should immediately report to your doctor.

  • Irregular periods. You can wait for them on the first of April but they come the fifth, or the whole month you do not have them. Take notes of all the fluctuations, even if there is a difference in one day only
  • Abnormal periods. Theseperimenopausal symptoms are related to their quality and density. Poor bleeding or their excessive amount should alert you
  • Weight gain. Unfortunately, together with a gain, women find harder to lose weight even if they visit the gym or go for other exercises. Especially, it affects the belly
  • Hair changes. It becomes dull and thinning
  • Reduced sexual desire. Decreased libido deteriorates sexual life and you both do not want your partner and do not do much from your side to satisfy him
  • Headaches. They can occur regardless of the day time. You can wake up with it or come back from work and suffer from the pain
  • Muscle pain or weakness. In women who reached the perimenopause at 35, the vaginal muscles are becoming weaker, so it is recommended to try Kegel exercises.

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What Affects The Age You Start Menopause

Certain factors may affect when you begin menopause. Your family history, medical conditions, and hormones all play a role in when menopause is likely to occur for you.

Smoking may influence the age of menopause onset. Studies have found that smoking during the reproductive years was significantly associated with earlier menopause.

Symptoms Of Premature And Early Menopause

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The symptoms of early menopause are the same as for menopause at the typical age and can include:

  • menstrual cycle changes, including changes to the usual bleeding pattern, particularly irregular bleeding
  • hot flushes
  • viral infections the evidence is inconclusive, but it is thought that a viral infection, such as mumps or cytomegalovirus, could trigger premature menopause in some women.
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    How Long Does Menopause Last

    Menopause is a single point in time and not a process it is the time point in at which a woman’s last period ends. Of course, a woman will not know when that time point has occurred until she has been 12 consecutive months without a period. The symptoms of menopause, on the other hand, may begin years before the actual menopause occurs and may persist for some years afterward as well.

    What Can Be Done For Relief

    Women should not fret as treatments are just as numerous as the symptoms experienced. Natural and effective methods focus on lifestyle changes alongside the use of alternative medicine before pursuing pharmacological options of drugs or surgeries.

    No matter a woman’s menopause status, she should rest assured that help is always within reach. To learn more, click on the following links to find out about menopause symptoms treatments.

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    What Can I Do About Hot Flashes

    Hot flashes occur from a decrease in estrogen levels. In response to this, your glands release higher amounts of other hormones that affect the brain’s thermostat, causing your body temperature to fluctuate. Hormone therapy has been shown to relieve some of the discomfort of hot flashes for many women. However, the decision to start using these hormones should be made only after you and your healthcare provider have evaluated your risk versus benefit ratio.

    To learn more about women’s health, and specifically hormone therapy, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health launched the Women’s Health Initiative in 1991. The hormone trial had 2 studies: the estrogen-plus-progestin study of women with a uterus and the estrogen-alone study of women without a uterus. Both studies ended early when the research showed that hormone therapy did not help prevent heart disease and it increased risk for some medical problems. Follow-up studies found an increased risk of heart disease in women who took estrogen-plus-progestin therapy, especially those who started hormone therapy more than 10 years after menopause.

    The WHI recommends that women follow the FDA advice on hormone therapy. It states that hormone therapy should not be taken to prevent heart disease.

    Practical suggestions for coping with hot flashes include:

    Are There Any Other Emotional Changes That Can Happen During Menopause

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    Menopause can cause a variety of emotional changes, including:

    • A loss of energy and insomnia.
    • A lack of motivation and difficulty concentrating.
    • Anxiety, depression, mood changes and tension.
    • Headaches.
    • Aggressiveness and irritability.

    All of these emotional changes can happen outside of menopause. You have probably experienced some of them throughout your life. Managing emotional changes during menopause can be difficult, but it is possible. Your healthcare provider may be able to prescribe a medication to help you . It may also help to just know that there is a name to the feelings you are experiencing. Support groups and counseling are useful tools when dealing with these emotional changes during menopause.

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    General Recommendations For Ht

    Current guidelines support the use of HT for the treatment of severe hot flashes that do not respond to non-hormonal therapies. General recommendations include:

    • HT may be started in women who have recently entered menopause.
    • HT should not be used in women who have started menopause many years ago.
    • Women should not take HT if they have risks for stroke, heart disease, blood clots, and breast cancer.
    • Currently, there is no consensus on how long HT should be used or at what age it should be discontinued. Treatment should be individualized for a woman’s specific health profile.
    • HT should be used only for menopause symptom management, not for chronic disease prevention.

    Initiating Therapy

    Before starting HT, your doctor should give you a comprehensive physical exam and take your medical history to evaluate your risks for:

    • Heart disease
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer

    While taking HT, you should have regular mammograms and pelvic exams and Pap smears. Current guidelines recommend that if HT is needed, it should be initiated around the time of menopause. Studies indicate that the risk of serious side effects is lower for women who use HT while in their 50s. Women who start HT past the age of 60 appear to have a higher risk for side effects such as heart attack, stroke, blood clots, or breast cancer. HT should be used with care in this age group.

    Discontinuing Therapy

    Safety Concerns

    Women who should not take hormone therapy include those with the following conditions:

    Treatments For Menopausal Symptoms

    Your GP can offer treatments and suggest lifestyle changes if you have severe menopausal symptoms that interfere with your day-to-day life.

    These include:

    Your GP may refer you to a menopause specialist if your symptoms do not improve after trying treatment or if you’re unable to take HRT.

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    Women’s Health Topics We Need To Talk About In 2020

    Mood problems like depression can spike during perimenopause, especially among women who have previously experienced them. Many of our listeners wrote in to say that during perimenopause, they felt incredibly irritable and quick to anger in a way that they had never experienced before.

    And of course, many â but not all â women experience hot flashes, though they may not recognize them. “It’s hard, because no one sits us down and teaches us, ‘Here’s what a hot flash feels like,’ ” Stuenkel says. “I’ve seen women who think they’re having panic attacks, or heart palpitations. That can be frightening.”

    Other common symptoms include more frequent urinary tract infections, difficulty sleeping through the night, vaginal dryness that can make sex painful, night sweats and a decrease in libido.

    What treatments are there for symptoms?

    Some symptoms, like heavy or irregular periods, can be managed with an oral contraceptive, which can “shut down the body’s own erratic hormonal fluctuations,” says Stuenkel.

    “This can kind of be a lifesaver,” she says. Such medication may help with hot flashes, too.

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    For people who cannot take estrogen therapy, or choose not to, Stuenkel says some drugs in the antidepressant family, such as SSRIs and SNRIs, can help with hot flashes. Stuenkel says, “While they’re not perfect, they can take the edge off and help enough so that women can get a better night’s sleep.”

    There are an abundance of nonhormonal, nondrug treatment options for managing symptoms, some of which have significantly more evidence backing them than others. In 2015, a North American Menopause Society panel found that cognitive behavioral therapy and hypnosis were significantly effective in treating hot flashes. The same panel also found that popular herbal remedies are “unlikely to help,” although some NPR listeners who wrote in said they got relief from some of those treatments.

    For depressive and anxiety symptoms, women may want to seek out professional counseling or a psychiatrist.

    When do I need to see a doctor?

    You might not need to at all. Some people sail right through menopause with little trouble. But if you are experiencing symptoms that are interfering with your life, it’s worth making an appointment. Some of these symptoms could indicate other problems that need treatment, such as fibroids or even cancer.

    Ways to cope with symptoms

    For people approaching this stage of life or who are already going through it, here are four steps for making this transition more manageable.

    1. Get educated

    2. Monitor your health

    3. Practice smart self-care

    4. Cultivate community

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    I Will Gain Weight After Menopause

    True or false. We all experience muscle loss starting around age 30. That accelerates after 40, and many women do gain weight right around the time they start experiencing other menopause symptoms. The sleeplessness and lack of energy that often accompany perimenopause can make it more difficult to exercise and get rid of extra pounds. A healthy diet full of lean proteins and vegetables becomes even more important for maintaining your weight for a lifetime.

    What About Menopause Symptoms In Their 60s

    At this age, any symptoms of hormonal imbalance are most likely postmenopause symptoms, although it is still possible for women to enter menopause in their 60s.

    Postmenopause symptoms may include those experienced during perimenopause, like hot flashes and night sweats, but this stage also presents its own list of health complications due to consistently low hormone levels, including osteoporosis, incontinence, dyspareunia, and more.

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    What Are The Effects Of Early Or Premature Menopause

    Women who go through menopause early may have or similar to those of regular menopause.

    But some women with early or premature menopause may also have:

    • Higher risk of serious health problems, such as and , since women will live longer without the health benefits of higher estrogen levels. Talk to your doctor or nurse about steps to lower your risk for these health problems.
    • More severe menopause symptoms. Talk to your doctor or nurse about to help with symptoms if they affect your daily life.
    • Sadness or over the early loss of fertility or the change in their bodies. Talk to your doctor if you have symptoms of depression, including less energy or a lack of interest in things you once enjoyed that lasts longer than a few weeks. Your doctor or nurse can recommend specialists who can help you deal with your feelings. Your doctor or nurse can also discuss options, such as adoption or donor egg programs, if you want to have children.

    What Are The Stages Leading Up To Menopause

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    After puberty, there are three other phases of female fertility:

    • Pre-menopause: Women have full ovarian function, regularly produce estrogen and ovulate.
    • Perimenopause: The ovaries begin to fluctuate in their ovulation and production of estrogen, which can result in unpredictable menstrual cycles and symptoms.
    • Menopause: When the ovaries have shut down. Someone would be in menopause after 12 months without menses.

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    Important Tips For You

    At last, there are time-proven methods aimed to be a support for your wellbeing that are exercises and a healthy lifestyle. If possible, choose swimming, or ride a bicycle. Change your daily routine, minimize boring tasks that can provoke irritability. Reduce smoking at least, if you cannot quit it. And, drink less alcohol, however, a glass of red wine will not harm. Limit caffeine, and forget about it before you go to sleep. Finally, make sure you sleep enough, 8 hours are more than enough to revitalize your body and spirit. So, any perimenopause age can be welcomed with dignity and full readiness.

    Are You Headed Toward Early Menopause

    There are many negative health consequences linked to early menopause, including a higher and fracture, heart disease, cognitive impairment and dementia, and early death, says Dr. Faubion.

    If you have questions about when youll experience menopause and if you can do anything to change it, keep reading for answers.

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    How Sex Changes After Menopause

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    Chris Kraft, Ph.D.

    With no need to worry about getting your period, becoming pregnant or being walked in on by your kids, your postmenopausal sex life should be stellar, right? It can be good, but dont expect it to be the same type of sex you were having in your 20s, says Chris Kraft, Ph.D., director of clinical services at the Sex and Gender Clinic in the department of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Medicine.

    While you may have greater freedom at home, this is also a stage of life with a lot of changes that can affect your intimacy, he says. Youre redefining your roles and your relationship as the kids go off to college and your careers wind down. And youre also physically changing.

    Menopause Age: 4 More Influences

    Can I get Pregnant after Menopause?

    Your mother’s age at menopause is a key factor, but not the only one. Here are four others to consider:

  • Smoking. No other lifestyle factor does more damage to your ovaries than smoking. So if you smoke and your mother didnât, youâll probably reach menopause earlier than they did. If they smoked and you donât, you probably reach menopause later than they did.
  • Chemotherapy. Most forms of chemotherapy used in younger women are at least mildly toxic to the ovaries. Many women go through temporary menopause while undergoing chemotherapy if cycles do return , you can still expect to reach regular menopause a couple of years earlier than you otherwise would have.
  • Ovarian surgery. âThe more you operate on the ovaries, the more healthy tissue gets damaged,â says Marcelle Cedars, MD, director of the division of reproductive endocrinology at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine. So if youâve had diagnostic surgery for endometriosis, for example, Cedars recommends using medical options to treat the condition in order to avoid repetitive surgeries.
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    What Happens After Menopause

    After menopause you will no longer be able to get pregnant and you will no longer get a period. If you have any type of vaginal bleeding after menopause, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. Vaginal bleeding after menopause is not normal and can mean that you have a serious health problem.

    You may experience any of the following after menopause:

    • Low hormone levels. With menopause, your ovaries make very little of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Because of changing hormone levels, you may develop certain health risks, including osteoporosis, heart disease, and stroke.
    • Menopause symptoms instead of period problems. After menopause, most women get relief from period problems or menopause symptoms. However, you may still experience symptoms such as hot flashes because of changing estrogen levels. One recent study found that hot flashes can continue for up to 14 years after menopause.6,7
    • Vaginal dryness. Vaginal dryness may be more common post-menopause. Learn more about treatments for vaginal dryness.


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