Are Women Who Arent Experiencing Menopausal Symptoms Still Fertile
No matter when you experience natural menopause, your chances of getting pregnant after the age of 40 are low, says Faubion. But you can still become pregnant as youre transitioning to menopause, and you still need to use if you don’t want to conceive, she adds.
Streicher confirms, saying, and menopause are not the same thing there are plenty of women who are pumping out and menstruating and are not fertile. If youre sexually active, its important to consult with your doctor before making any decisions about birth control to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
On the other hand, dont assume that just because you are still menstruating that you can . Women who are concerned that they may have trouble conceiving or think they may experience menopause early and still want children should discuss options such as egg freezing with their doctor, says Streicher.
Symptoms Of Early Menopause
The main symptom of early menopause is periods becoming infrequent or stopping altogether without any other reason .
Some women may also get other typical menopausal symptoms, including:
Read more about the symptoms of the menopause.
Why Does Menopause Happen
The reasons for menopause are not well understood. Currently, we think that menopause happens because the ovaries run out of eggs. This leads to changes in the hormones produced by the ovaries and the hormones from the brain that control the ovaries. Eventually, the ovaries stop producing eggs and menstrual periods stop permanently. After menopause, the ovaries continue to produce oestrogen at lower levels and also testosterone.
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Can Early Menopause Contribute To Other Conditions
Infertility is often the most obvious concern when you start menopause 10 or more years early. Yet, there are other health concerns.
A steady stream of estrogen to your tissues has many uses. Estrogen increases good HDL cholesterol and decreases bad LDL cholesterol. It also relaxes blood vessels and prevents bones from thinning.
Losing estrogen earlier than normal can increase your risk of:
- premature death
Discuss your concerns about these symptoms with your doctor. Because of these risks, women who enter menopause early are often prescribed hormone replacement therapy.
Why Do Girls Get Periods
A period happens because of changes in hormones in the body. Hormones give messages to the body. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus to build up. This gets the uterus ready for an egg and sperm to attach and grow into a baby. If the woman does not get pregnant, the lining breaks down and bleeds. This same process happens every month. That is why most girls and women get their periods around once a month.
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Menopause Age: 4 More Influences
Your mother’s age at menopause is a key factor, but not the only one. Here are four others to consider:
How Do I Know If I Am In Menopause
Menopause is defined as 12 consecutive months without having a menstrual cycle. If you are currently not having periods, but it has not yet been 12 full months, you might be in menopause, but you cannot be sure until you have gone a full year without having a period.
Some cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation can also lead to medical menopause, which can be temporary or permanent.
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Early Menopause Caused By Surgery Or Cancer Treatments
Sometimes, early menopause is a result of surgery or cancer treatments. In this case, theres a clear outside cause for the change in your body.
You may have undergone an oophorectomy so youre no longer producing ovarian hormones. Or you may have had another form of pelvic surgery that interfered with blood flow to the ovaries and, over time, caused ovarian failure.
Both chemotherapy and radiation treatments hold the potential to cause your ovaries to fail and, again, they may no longer produce the hormones they used to.
My Period Is 4 Days Early What To Expect
If your period is four days early, then its likely due to implantation. Implantation can cause you to have spotting or slight vaginal bleeding that last for hours or days. You should wait for some days then take a pregnancy test. Other causes like stress, eating disorders, emergency contraception can affect your period too.
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Can Early Menopause Protect Me From Other Conditions
Starting menopause early can actually protect you from other diseases. These include estrogen-sensitive cancers such as breast cancer.
Women who enter menopause late are at greater risk of breast cancer than those who enter the transition earlier. This is because their breast tissue is exposed to estrogen for a longer time.
Period A Week Early: Is There Anything To Worry About
If your period comes early once in a while, it is likely normal and not a cause for concern.
Menstruation might start early because of a change in your lifestyle, intense physical exercise, illness, or stress. However, sometimes it happens with no reason, and this is still not necessarily abnormal. So, if you get your period a week early, try not to worry. If your period is consistently irregular, you can let your health care provider know to rule out any problems.
Many people have irregular periods occasionally others have them throughout their lives.
Some possible causes of getting your period early:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Sudden weight gain or loss
Your birth control method can also affect your cycle. An emergency contraceptive pill can cause an early period. If you skip a few combined oral contraceptive pills, your hormone levels may drop, and bleeding may start before its due. If you have recently had an intrauterine device inserted, your body may react to it by bleeding.
To avoid unpleasant surprises with your period coming early, it might be a good idea to have period products on hand, even if youre not expecting your period. If youre getting your period early for a prolonged period of time, make sure to ask your health care provider about it.
- Analysis of period and cycle length
- Chances of getting pregnant and ovulation forecast
- Predictions of next period
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Signs Of Menopause At Age 40
For most women, natural menopause starts between the ages of 45 and 55. However, for some women, the changes of menopause start even earlier before age 40. This is known as premature menopause and is typically due to illness, medical procedure, or genetics.
If youre age 40 or so, you might be in the throes of early menopause if you have been experiencing hot flashes, irregular periods, sudden emotional changes, and other signs of menopause.
Lets take a broader look at menopause what exactly menopause is, what is involved with early menopause, the causes of premature menopause, and the signs to watch for that indicate youre experiencing menopause.
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What Are Symptoms Of Premature Menopause
Hot flashes, mood swings, and irregular periods these are the classic signs of menopause, but there are plenty more symptoms that signal the change.
Women in premature menopause will cope with emotional and other physical concerns. For example, because menopause signifies the end of a woman’s fertile years, a woman who wishes to get pregnant is likely to face a serious challenge in her life.
Early menopause begins when with changes in periods, a sign that the ovaries are producing less estrogen. Symptoms include:
- Periods are irregular
Should I Use A Pad Tampon Or Menstrual Cup
There are a few ways to deal with period blood. You may need to experiment a bit to find which works best for you. Some girls use only one method and others switch between different methods.
- Most girls use a pad when they first get their period. Pads are made of cotton and come in lots of different sizes and shapes. They have sticky strips that attach to the underwear.
- Many girls prefer to use tampons instead of pads, especially when playing sports or swimming. A tampon is a cotton plug that a girl puts into her vagina. Most tampons come with an applicator that guides the tampon into place. The tampon absorbs the blood. Don’t leave a tampon in for more than 8 hours because this can increase your risk of a serious infection called toxic shock syndrome.
- Some girls prefer a menstrual cup. To use a menstrual cup, a girl inserts it into her vagina. The cup holds the blood until she empties it.
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Can I Still Get Pregnant After Being Diagnosed With Premature Menopause Early Menopause Or Primary/premature Ovarian Insufficiency
Unless the ovaries have been surgically removed, it can be difficult to diagnose a woman younger than age 45 with menopause as opposed to primary ovarian insufficiency . Women with POI can have intermittent ovulation, which may or may not be accompanied by a menstrual bleed. Other women may be able to get pregnant through in vitro fertilization with egg donation. It is important to work with a fertility specialist to explore options.
Options available to you will vary depending on whether you have interest in having children in the future. In some cases, fertility may be restored and pregnancy could be possible. Assisted reproductive technology , including in vitro fertilization might be considered.
If you do not want to get pregnant while on hormone-replacement therapy, your doctor will talk to you about contraceptive options.
Talk to your healthcare provider about possible causes of premature or early menopause and your questions regarding fertility.
The Ovaries Stop Working
Early menopause can happen naturally if a woman’s ovaries stop making normal levels of certain hormones, particularly the hormone oestrogen.
This is sometimes called premature ovarian failure, or primary ovarian insufficiency.
The cause of premature ovarian failure is often unknown, but in some women it may be caused by:
- chromosome abnormalities such as in women with Turner syndrome
- an autoimmune disease where the immune system starts attacking body tissues
- certain infections, such as tuberculosis, malaria and mumps but this is very rare
Premature ovarian failure can sometimes run in families. This might be the case if any of your relatives went through the menopause at a very young age .
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Menopause
Estrogen is used by many parts of a womanâs body. As levels of estrogen decrease, you could have various symptoms. Many women experience mild symptoms that can be treated by lifestyle changes such as avoiding caffeine or carrying a portable fan. Some women donât require any treatment at all, but for others, symptoms can be more severe. The severity of symptoms varies greatly around the world and by race and ethnicity.
Here are the most common changes you might notice at midlife. Some may be part of aging rather than directly related to menopause.
Change in your period. This might be what you notice first. Your periods may no longer be regular. They may be shorter or last longer. You might bleed more or less than usual. These are all normal changes, but to make sure there isnât a problem, see your doctor if:
- Your periods happen very close together.
- You have heavy bleeding.
- Your periods last more than a week.
- Your periods resume after no bleeding for more than a year.
Bladder control. A loss of bladder control is called incontinence. You may have a sudden urge to urinate, or urine may leak during exercise, sneezing, or laughing. The first step in treating incontinence is to see a doctor. Bladder infections also can occur in midlife.
Are There Any Tests For Menopause
The most accurate way to tell if it’s happening to you is to watch your menstrual cycles for 12 months in a row. It helps to keep track of your periods and chart them as they become irregular. Menopause has happened when you have not had any period for an entire 12 months.
Your doctor can check your blood for follicle stimulating hormone . The levels will jump as your ovaries begin to shut down. As your estrogen levels fall, youâll notice hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and less lubrication during sex.
The tissue in and around your vagina will thin as estrogen drops, too. The only way to check for this is through a Pap-like smear, but itâs rarely done. As this happens, you might have urinary incontinence, painful sex, a low sex drive, and vaginal itching.
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What You Can Do
Consider keeping a journal to track your periods. Include information such as:
- when they start
- whether you have any in-between spotting
You can also log this information in an app, like Eve.
Worried about leaks and stains? Consider wearing panty liners. Disposable panty liners are available at most drugstores. They come in a variety of lengths and materials.
You can even buy reusable liners that are made of fabric and can be washed over and over again.
A skipped period can also cause the lining to build up, leading to heavy bleeding.
Bleeding is considered heavy if it:
- soaks through one tampon or pad an hour for several hours
- requires double protection such as a tampon and pad to control menstrual flow
- causes you to interrupt your sleep to change your pad or tampon
- lasts longer than 7 days
When bleeding is heavy, it may last longer, disrupting your everyday life. You may find it uncomfortable to exercise or carry on with your normal tasks.
Heavy bleeding can also cause fatigue and increase your risk for other health concerns, such as anemia.
Sometime In Your 40s Or 50s You Will Experience The Process Of Menopause This Represents The Natural Decline In Fertility And The End Of The Menstrual Cycle Find Out What To Expect As You Go Through Menopause
Eventually, menstruation comes to an end, typically in the late 40s or early 50s. When you have had no periods for a full year, you are considered to be menopausal. The period of time when your periods are slowing down, becoming irregular, and your hormones are changing is called perimenopause. Most women experience some symptoms related to the change in hormones that happens as the cycles slow down. There are many things you can do to cope with perimenopausal symptoms if they become difficult to manage.
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Increased Risk Of Other Diseases
As mentioned earlier, menopausal women have an increased risk of developing heart disease. Not only is this due to the extra weight that is often put on in the bodys midsection during this time but also is a result of decreased estrogen levels.
Additionally, these hormone changes can cause women nearing menopause to experience loss of bone mass more rapidly than the body is able to replace it. This makes menopausal women in all stages more likely to have weak bones, experience fractures or breaks, and possibly even develop osteoporosis.
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Abnormal Bleeding After Menopause
In some cases, bleeding continues after menopause. It is easy to mistake this type of bleeding for symptoms of perimenopause, which may mislead someone to think they have not reached full-menopause when they actually have.
Any spotting or bleeding after menopause is abnormal and should be checked out by a healthcare provider . Spotting or bleeding after menopause can be caused by a medical condition, such as uterine polyps . Uterine polyps are growths on the inside lining of the uterus , and become more common with age .
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Does The Age My Mother Reached Menopause Mean Anything
Most likely your moms age at menopause will provide a clue. When we look at the things that are the greatest determinants for when someone is going to go through menopause, genetics seems to be one of the most important things, says Streicher.
A womans race or ethnicity can influence when she goes through menopause, too, she says. Findings from the Study of Womens Health Across the Nation indicate that women of color tend to begin perimenopause and menopause at earlier ages than white women.
The question I always ask women when they ask when theyre going to go through menopause is, When did your mom go through menopause? because that is very often predictive, says Streicher.
Theres a lot of truth in that. You may follow what happened with your mother if she went through menopause early or late, you may, too, she says.
Certain medical conditions such as autoimmune problems, issues, and can make a woman go through menopause earlier, adds Streicher.