Calcium And Vitamin D
A combination of calcium and vitamin D can reduce the risk of osteoporosis, the bone loss associated with menopause. The best sources are from calcium-rich and vitamin D-fortified foods.
Doctors are currently reconsidering the use of calcium and vitamin D supplements. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force advises that healthy postmenopausal women don’t need to take these supplements. According to the USPSTF, taking daily low-dose amounts of vitamin D supplements , with or without calcium supplements , does not prevent fractures. For higher doses, the USPSTF says there is not enough evidence to make a recommendation. In addition to possible lack of benefit, these supplements are associated with certain risks, like kidney stones.
However, calcium and vitamin D are important nutrients. Supplements may be appropriate for certain people including those who do not get enough vitamin D through sunlight exposure and those who do not consume enough calcium in their diet. They are also helpful for people who have been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Talk with your doctor about whether or not you should take supplements.
The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends:
Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of calcium in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract and is the essential companion to calcium in maintaining strong bones.
How Is Menopause Diagnosed
There are several ways your healthcare provider can diagnose menopause. The first is discussing your menstrual cycle over the last year. If you have gone a full year without a period, you may be postmenopausal. Another way your provider can check if you are going through menopause is a blood test that checks your follicle stimulating hormone level. FSH is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland this gland is located at the base of your brain. However, this test can be misleading during the beginning of menopause when your body is transitioning and your hormone levels are fluctuating up and down. Hormone testing always need to be interpreted in the context of what is happening with the menstrual period.
For many women, a blood test is not necessary. If you are having the symptoms of menopause and your periods have been irregular, talk to your healthcare provider. Your provider may be able to diagnose menopause after your conversation.
When Can You Expect Perimenopause
Chances are, if youre between the ages of 45-50, your irregular periods are a sign of perimenopause. The average age a woman starts the menopausal transition is 47.
While we cannot predict when this will occur for you, the age your mother began to experience symptoms may be a good indicator. Smokers tend to reach menopause earlier than non smokers as well.
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Abnormal Bleeding Can Be Caused By Other Conditions Besides Perimenopause These Conditions Can Include:
- Uterine polyps or fibroids
If you are in the early phases of perimenopause, this is a great time to meet with your doctor to talk about how to best manage your symptoms. If your quality of life is severely affected by your period or any of the 34 symptoms of perimenopause, your doctor may recommend you try hormone replacement therapy. Together with your doctor, you can explore the best options for you.
Perimenopause can feel like a very lonely time in a womans life. Indeed, most people do not talk about perimenopause as everything surrounding menopause is still taboo, even among women! Not at Perry, however. We at Perry are here to support you from your first sign of perimenopause and we are pretty big into community.
Disclaimer: This is not medical advice, does not take the place of medical advice from your physician, and is not intended to treat or cure any disease. Patients should see a qualified medical provider for assessment and treatment.
The Final Word Menopause And Sex
Menopause and sex can complicate a womans sex life, as it involves fluctuations in hormones that can lead to decreased libido, vaginal dryness, and mood swings. The physical aspect of menopause and sex can lead to painful intercourse. The mood swings and hormone shifts can lead to less desire for sex. It is upsetting for many women and may even lead to relationship difficulties.
Some sex after menopause tips includes using lubricants and vaginal moisturizers, increasing foreplay, seeing a therapist, and bonding as a couple. The important thing to remember is that it is not the end of your sex life. Your drive may change, but there are also a number of remedies for this problem, including organic supplements and hormone therapy. It could be the beginning of a completely new sex life.
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Can Menopause Affect My Sex Life
After menopause, your body has less estrogen. This major change in your hormonal balance can affect your sex life. Many menopausal women may notice that theyre not as easily aroused as before. Sometimes, women also may be less sensitive to touch and other physical contact than before menopause.
These feelings, coupled with the other emotional changes you may be experiencing, can all lead to a decreased interest in sex. Keep in mind that your body is going through a lot of change during menopause. Some of the other factors that can play a role in a decreased sex drive can include:
- Having bladder control problems.
- Having trouble sleeping through the night.
- Experiencing stress, anxiety or depression.
- Coping with other medical conditions and medications.
All of these factors can disrupt your life and even cause tension in your relationship. In addition to these changes, the lower levels of estrogen in your body can actually cause a decrease in the blood supply to the vagina. This can cause dryness. When you dont have the right amount of lubrication in the vagina, it can be thin, pale and dry. This can lead to painful intercourse.
Hormone Therapy And Uterine Fibroids
The use of hormone therapy after menopause is associated with a greater risk for a fibroids diagnosis, as reported in a 2017 peer-review article of most studies to date. The risk of surgically confirmed fibroids increased up to sixfold in people using estrogen or combined estrogen-progestin therapy compared with nonusers.
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Can You Get Pregnant During Menopause
Puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, perimenopause and menopause. These are the various stages in a womans biological cycle. One leads to the other, while pregnancy can happen at any time during a womans years of fertility.
The chances of getting pregnant come down as the woman crosses 35 years. By her 40s, the perimenopause is likely to begin and is followed by menopause, which is usually the end of the reproductive phase.
But could you get pregnant during the perimenopausal or menopausal stage? In this MomJunction post, we tell you about menopause, the possibility of getting pregnant during this phase, and the risks involved.
Why Does Your Period Change In Perimenopause
The window of time between fertility and postmenopause is known as perimenopause. One of the first signs that you are transitioning into perimenopause is an irregular period. For example, your periods can behave very differently during perimenopause and it is often quite unpredictable. This can be concerning for many women in the beginning because most women follow a very predictable menstrual cycle throughout their fertile years.
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Is Having A Hard Time Concentrating And Being Forgetful A Normal Part Of Menopause
Unfortunately, concentration and minor memory problems can be a normal part of menopause. Though this doesnt happen to everyone, it can happen. Doctors arent sure why this happens. If youre having memory problems during menopause, call your healthcare provider. There are several activities that have been shown to stimulate the brain and help rejuvenate your memory. These activities can include:
- Doing crossword puzzles and other mentally stimulating activities like reading and doing math problems.
- Cutting back on passive activities like watching TV.
- Getting plenty of exercise.
Keep in mind that depression and anxiety can also impact your memory. These conditions can be linked to menopause.
Other Causes For Period Changes
The regular monthly period is not the only reason why people may bleed.
Because a persons periods are often irregular during perimenopause, they should pay extra attention for any abnormal symptoms particularly as some uterus-related conditions are more common during and after perimenopause.
People may bleed because of:
- Endometrial atrophy. Low estrogen in perimenopause and menopause can cause the tissue of the uterus to get very thin, which can cause irregular bleeding.
- Uterine polyps. These are benign growths that can grow inside the uterus and cervix. Polyps do not always cause symptoms, but some people notice bleeding after sex.
- Endometrial hyperplasia. Hormonal shifts can cause the lining of the uterus to thicken in perimenopause. When the body has too much estrogen without enough progesterone, this thickness may cause bleeding. Bleeding is its most common symptom. Endometrial hyperplasia is treatable but can increase a persons risk of cancer.
- Uterine Cancer. Uterine cancer happens when abnormal or atypical cells progress into cancer. Though rare, it generally presents with heavy bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding.
Perimenopause is not a disease and does not require treatment. It can, however, increase peoples risk of developing certain diseases. Moreover, the menstrual cycle can change for reasons other than perimenopause.
Anyone experiencing changes in their menstrual cycle should see a doctor for a diagnosis.
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What Are The Stages
The process happens slowly over three stages:
Perimenopause. Your cycles will become irregular, but they havenât stopped. Most women hit this stage around age 47. Even though you might notice symptoms like hot flashes, you can still get pregnant.
Menopause. This is when youâll have your final menstrual period. You wonât know for sure itâs happened until youâve gone a year without one. Hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep problems, and other symptoms are common in this stage.
Postmenopause. This begins when you hit the year mark from your final period. Once that happens, youâll be referred to as postmenopausal for the rest of your life. Keep in mind that after more than 1 year of no menstrual periods due to menopause, vaginal bleeding isn’t normal, so tell your doctor if you have any ASAP.
Here Are Some Changes You May Notice In Perimenopause Periods:
- Fewer days or weeks in between periods
- Longer weeks or even months in between periods
- Worsening or improvement in PMS, cramping, bloating, etc.
- Changes in the color of blood may be redder, darker, or brown
You experience changes in your period because of fluctuating hormone levels, particularly estrogen and progesterone. Both hormones are produced in the ovaries under the direction of the pituitary gland in your brain. As women age, the ovaries begin to lose their functionality. That is, they become less able to produce estrogen and progesterone, as well as cease to release eggs once a woman is in menopause.
The hormone shifts that occur during perimenopause can be erratic because estrogen and progesterone levels begin to decline. However, it is not a slow and steady decline but is rather volatile, where estrogen levels can surge or drop rapidly at any given point. The overall trend amidst the hormonal chaos that can occur is that estrogen and progesterone will no longer be released from the ovaries, except estrogen in small quantities. After menopause, the majority of estrogen that you have in your body is released from fat cells.
Some women have an easier time managing perimenopause periods than others. However, almost all women will experience irregularity in their periods. Lets take a look at common challenges with perimenopause periods and discuss some tips for managing them.
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You Might Start Skipping It Here And There
Dont freak out if your period goes entirely MIA one month. A skipped period is the first sign of deteriorating egg quality, says Dr. Dunsmoor-Su. Some months, the eggs just don’t reach a point where they release, and so a period gets missed. Remember: Youre not in menopause until you go a full year without a period, so skipping a month doesnt necessarily mean you can toss all your pads and tampons.
Why Does Menopause Happen
Natural menopause menopause that happens in your early 50s and is not caused by surgery or another medical condition is a normal part of aging. Menopause is defined as a complete year without menstrual bleeding, in the absence of any surgery or medical condition that may cause bleeding to artificially stop As you age, the reproductive cycle begins to slow down and prepares to stop. This cycle has been continuously functioning since puberty. As menopause nears, the ovaries make less of a hormone called estrogen. When this decrease occurs, your menstrual cycle starts to change. It can become irregular and then stop. Physical changes can also happen as your body adapts to different levels of hormones. The symptoms you experience during each stage of menopause are all part of your bodys adjustment to these changes.
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Lifestyle Factors To Support You During The Menopause
There are a number of easy self-help tips that you can try at home to help keep the symptoms of menopause under control:
- Diet During the menopause even very small changes in lifestyle factors can make a big difference for better or for worse! Try to reduce refined carbohydrates and sugary sweet treats as you can risk throwing your hormones off further, exacerbating cravings and encouraging weight gain. Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables rich in vitamins and minerals, opt for whole grain sources of carbohydrates, up your intake of omega-3 with lots of oily fish and include a source of protein in every meal
- Think about drinks Its not just what you eat, but also what you drink that matters. Ensure you drink at least 1.5 litres of plain, still water a day to keep you hydrated and your bowels moving regularly. Also, try to avoid sugary drinks, alcohol and caffeine as much as possible as these can put a strain on the endocrine system and make you feel anxious or jittery
- Stress Stress can be exacerbated during the menopause so its important to not let it get on top of you. Practice breathing exercises, or try taking part in a yoga class after work, above all else make sure you take time out to do things you enjoy and take your mind off the stresses of modern life
- Exercise – Regular moderate exercise can help with many of the symptoms of menopause. It can help support your mood, sleep, body weight and often helps to keep pesky food cravings under control too!
What If Your Irregular Periods Are Not From Perimenopause
While irregular periods are a normal part of perimenopause, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists recommends that you contact your doctor to rule out other causes if you have bleeding that is:
- Very heavy
- Lasting longer than what is normal for you
- Occurring more often than every three weeks
- Happens after sex or in between periods
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How Long Does Perimenopause Last
The length of each stage of the menopause transition can vary for each individual. The average length of perimenopause is about four years. Some women may only be in this stage for a few months, while others will be in this transition phase for more than four years. If you have gone more than 12 months without having a period, you are no longer perimenopausal. However, if there are medications or medical conditions that may affect periods, it can be more difficult to know the specific stage of the menopause transition.
When Do Periods Stop At Menopause
There can be gaps of up to 12 months between periods. You could go for 3-4 months without a period and the have a regular period for a few months
When having sex it is well advised to use contraception for up to 24 months after our last period. If you are having intermittent periods then you are most likely still ovulating and could become pregnant.
Changes in the monthly cycle are an indication that you are in perimenopause. There is no typical pattern of change – each woman can experience a combination of different symptoms.
When Do Frequent Menstrual Cycles Begin
Women may begin to experience symptoms between two to ten years prior to menopause, the stage called perimenopause. Frequent and light menstrual cycles often affect perimenopausal women .
However, there are some health conditions that can cause frequent and light periods, such as eating disorders, uterine abnormalities, and anemia, among others. Women in stressful situations can also suffer from irregular periods.
Treatments For Periods Every Two Weeks
A woman can approach her periods occurring every two weeks with a variety of treatments, ranging from natural to more conventional ones.
Naturally and effectively treating irregular periods revolves around fixing the hormonal imbalance largely at fault for their occurrences, starting with an optimized diet rich in the plant-based estrogens as well as iron to replenish what’s been lost from the extra bleeding.
For improved results, pair lifestyle changes with alternative medicine proven to work with the body to equilibrate reproductive hormones.
Conventional methods, on the other hand, often involve birth control prescriptions to solve getting a period every other week quickly. However, their usage should first be discussed with a doctor as they are considered more risky than natural measures, and symptoms may prove more hindersome.
Click on the following link to find out how to effectively treat irregular periods every two weeks to be able to finally enjoy a hormonally balanced life.
- ACOG. . Abnormal uterine bleeding. Retrieved January 14, 2020 from
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