What Are Some Commonly Used Postmenopausal Hormones
The following list provides the names of some, but not all, postmenopausal hormones.
- Pills, Brand names: Cenestin®, Estinyl®, Estrace®, Menest®, Ogen®, Premarin®, Femtrace®.
- Creams, Brand names: Estrace®, Ogen®, Premarin®.
- Vaginal ring, Brand names: Estring®, Femring® .
- Vaginal tablet, Brand names: Vagifem®. Imvexxy®
- Patch, Brand names: Alora®, Climara®, Minivelle®, Estraderm®, Vivelle®, Vivelle-Dot®, Menostar®.
- Spray, Brand name: Evamist®.
- Modest improvement in joint pains.
- Lower death rate for women who take hormone therapy in their 50s.
What Are Irregular Periods
Most women have menstrual cycles that last between 21 and 35 days. Up to one quarter of women experience irregular periods. This includes having periods that are shorter or longer than usual or periods that are lighter or heavier than usual. Some women who have irregular periods may experience abdominal cramping or a lack of ovulation. Amenorrhea is a medical term that refers to an absence of periods for at least 3 months even though a woman is not pregnant. Menorrhagia is the term that means excessive menstrual bleeding. Dysmenorrhea refers to pain and cramping during periods. Prolonged menstrual bleeding involves periods in which bleeding routinely lasts for 8 days or longer. Oligomenorrhea is a condition in which periods occur infrequently or more than every 35 days. See your doctor if you believe hormonal imbalance is affecting your menstrual cycle.
Are Post Menopausal Symptoms A Normal Part Of Aging
Contrary to popular belief, Julie says that the physical symptoms that occur during and after menopause are not inevitable. Or, at the very least, we can influence them through simple lifestyle changes.
For example, lets consider constipation, which many older women experience. Julie explains that there is a simple reason that this may be a problem for many women. As our bodies get older, they produce less bile. This contributes to soft stools.
This means that it is even more important for older women to make sure that they are getting the right amount of fiber in their diets. There are many ways to do this, but, Julie suggests we look into flax seeds, also known as linseeds, which can help to keep our bodies regular. Be careful though. They need to be prepared in the right way.
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How Is Menopause Diagnosed
There are several ways your healthcare provider can diagnose menopause. The first is discussing your menstrual cycle over the last year. If you have gone a full year without a period, you may be postmenopausal. Another way your provider can check if you are going through menopause is a blood test that checks your follicle stimulating hormone level. FSH is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland this gland is located at the base of your brain. However, this test can be misleading during the beginning of menopause when your body is transitioning and your hormone levels are fluctuating up and down. Hormone testing always need to be interpreted in the context of what is happening with the menstrual period.
For many women, a blood test is not necessary. If you are having the symptoms of menopause and your periods have been irregular, talk to your healthcare provider. Your provider may be able to diagnose menopause after your conversation.
Cardiovascular Issues And Menopause
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in men and postmenopausal women. Menopause increases the risk for women still further, independent of age. Before menopause, the risk of CAD for women lags behind the risk for men by approximately 10 years; after menopause, it catches up. As a result, mortality from CAD is increasing in women. The Framingham study was pivotal in showing the relation between menopause and increased cardiovascular mortality.
The Womens Health Initiative was a randomized, controlled trial that addressed the issue of whether postmenopausal women should take hormone therapy or estrogen therapy for prevention of CAD ; more than 27,000 healthy women participated in the trial. The investigators concluded that hormone therapy and estrogen therapy are not indicated for the prevention of CAD.
Emerging analyses of WHI data from the Estrogen-Alone Triala double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial evaluating the effects of conjugated equine estrogens on chronic disease incidence among postmenopausal women with prior hysterectomy and after a mean of 7.1 years of follow-upsuggested that treatment effects differ by age. Compared with older women, younger women receiving CEE had a lower risk of CAD.
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Effect Of Low Estrogen Levels
Low levels of estrogen during menopause can negatively impact some of the most important areas in a womans life according a gynecologist Dr. Gottfried : sex, appetite, weight, sleep, and fertility. Estrogen helps innervate genital skin and keep it well supplied with blood flow and lubrication. Low levels can lead to vaginal dryness, more subtle orgasms, and sex that seems to take more effort. Lower levels of serotonin are likely to set in which can lead to depression or erratic moods. And thermoregulation of the body becomes unpredictable as estrogen levels decline.
After menopause, it isnt just that your estrogen levels drop that puts you at risk for unpleasant side effects including depression and anxiety, its that your estrogen may become out of balance with another very important sex hormone: progesterone. According to Dr. Sara Gottfried, estrogen and progesterone must be in balance as they operate like two parts to a whole, yin and yang. For example estrogen is known to be associated with water and salt retention while progesterone is a natural diuretic. Estrogen stimulates cell growth in breast tissue while progesterone helps prevent too much cell growth that can lead to painful cysts. When in balance, progesterone and estrogen help maintain strong, dense bones; hydrated and smooth skin; a healthy metabolism; and a cardiovascular system free from blood clots and plaque buildup.
Other symptoms of low estrogen include:
Your Circadian Rhythm Is Off
The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland that is located in the brain. It produces melatonin, which affects circadian rhythm and the levels of other hormones in the body. A pineal cyst is a disorder of the pineal gland that may not produce any symptoms. If the cyst is large, it may produce symptoms including water on the brain , headache, eye problems, and vision problems. Large pineal cysts that cause problems usually affect women who are in their second decade of life.
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They’ve Been Through The Menopause So Where Are The Zimmer Frames And Tracksuit Bottoms New Research Shows That Most Women Feel Better Than Ever After ‘the Change’ No Wonder Says Virginia Ironside
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I can still remember the time when 30 seemed over the hill. And when I was 30, 40 seemed pretty ancient. But when I was 40, all I could see was a terrible brick wall ahead, with the dreadful word “MENOPAUSE” written on it in jagged letters. Naturally, no one pre-menopause dared even consider what might lie over that wall. A graveyard full of skulls and crossbones? A field full of ancient people on Zimmer frames with pee pouring down their legs? At best, it was just a sea of asexual oldies, all wearing trackie bottoms, with frightful short haircuts and no make-up who lived their lives in motorway service stations, set in a land of aches and pains and poverty, all marinated in bitterness and complaints.
Now there’s no question that during the menopause things can feel grim. Hot flushes, children leaving home, desperate feelings that it’s “too late” to do anything you wanted to, but once over that, most women find that life post-menopause is one of nature’s best-kept secrets. According to a survey commissioned for Health Plus magazine, 72 per cent of women think they are “just as attractive as before”, 82 per cent feel “as feminine as before”, eight out of 10 say they now have an overwhelming “sense of freedom” and six out of 10 women say they feel “better than ever before”. They also feel an average of 10 years younger than their real age.
Make the most of your menopause
HOW TO COPE
Your Hormonal Imbalance Can Be Restored With Treatment
These symptoms can be difficult to live with, but thankfully you dont have to. Treatment can restore your hormones back to balance, allowing you to feel fit and well again. Hormone replacement therapy is the most effective treatment for hormonal imbalance and our specialists here at New Beginnings OB-GYN use only the latest scientifically proven HRT to restore you to optimal health.
If you feel that a hormonal imbalance is causing your symptoms and youre interested in what HRT can do for you,get in touch with us today for your consultation here at New Beginnings in Las Vegas.
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Psychological Or Social Conditions
Numerous psychological and social theories have been proffered to explain why women may become depressed during perimenopause. Some of these are related to the following factors:
Change in the childbearing role
Loss of fertility, which may be associated with a loss of an essential meaning of life
Empty nest syndrome
The societal value of youth .
Hormonal Imbalance And Fatigue
Fatigue is a common symptom that may have many potential underlying causes. Just as too little progesterone can make it hard to sleep, too much progesterone can make you more tired. Another common hormonal imbalance that causes fatigue is low thyroid hormone levels . This condition is easily diagnosed with a blood test. If your levels are low, you can take prescription medication to bring your levels back up to normal. Regardless of any hormone imbalance that may exist, practice good sleep hygiene to optimize your sleep. This involves going to bed and waking up at the same time every day, even on the weekends. Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and exercise from the late afternoon on to avoid interfering with sleep. Establish a relaxing nighttime routine to give your body the message that it’s time for sleep. Take a warm bath, sip a cup of chamomile tea, or listen to relaxing music.
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What Is Premature Menopause
Menopause, when it occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, is considered “natural” and is a normal part of aging. But, some women can experience menopause early, either as a result of a surgical intervention or damage to the ovaries . Menopause that occurs before the age of 45, regardless of the cause, is called early menopause. Menopause that occurs at 40 or younger is considered premature menopause.
Eat More Fruits And Vegetables
Separate studies have found that a plant-based diet is associated with fewer menopause symptoms; and that an omnivore diet rich in fruits and vegetables is inversely proportional to menopause symptoms.;
Our Tip: Since the recommended dietary intake for adults in the US is five portions of fruits and vegetables per day, consider drinking vegetable juice to help you get your greens in and balance hormones naturally.;
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Three Important Hormones In Menopause
The hormonal system is a complex and fragile system in the body. The same hormones that keep you happy and healthy may also cause distress. Hormonal imbalance happens throughout your life, but what you experience during menopause is different.
The dance of hormones during menopause means your hormone levels may go and up-down. These unpredictable shifts cause hormonal imbalances, which may result in a myriad of menopause symptoms. The three dominating hormones in your body include:
Start Or Continue To Exercise
Research shows that women who exercise and are physically active experience fewer body and mental menopause symptoms compared to those who are sedentary.;
Our Tip: Help balance hormones naturally doing something you actually enjoy and that doesnt challenge your symptoms. Maybe skip the Bikram yoga and Five-Rhythms class if youre struggling with hot flashes a lot.;
Are There Any Other Emotional Changes That Can Happen During Menopause
Menopause can cause a variety of emotional changes, including:
- A loss of energy and insomnia.
- A lack of motivation and difficulty concentrating.
- Anxiety, depression, mood changes and tension.
- Aggressiveness and irritability.
All of these emotional changes can happen outside of menopause. You have probably experienced some of them throughout your life. Managing emotional changes during menopause can be difficult, but it is possible. Your healthcare provider may be able to prescribe a medication to help you . It may also help to just know that there is a name to the feeling you are experiencing. Support groups and counseling are useful tools when dealing with these emotional changes during menopause.
Smart Natural Ways To Boost Hormone Levels During Menopause
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Hormones are the fall guys for everything during menopause. They take the blame for many of our emotional and physical discomforts. Truth is, hormones are not the villains that we see them to be they are actually our greatest allies during menopause! However, when hormone balance goes haywire, our body goes through a roller coaster ride of symptoms!
Our hormonal system is like our biological internet. It creates a web of signals that coordinate our entire body. Hormones are the little messengers that guide organs what to do and sync every function so we can maintain our bodys internal balance.
While hormones work for our benefit, we also need to work on the delicate balance of our hormone levels!Our body produces 50+ hormones. In women, estrogen and progesterone are the main players! When we reach menopause, our ovaries slow down, and as a result, our hormone levels decrease. In addition, testosterone, serotonin, thyroid hormone and cortisol levels also drop. These hormonal changes can cause a ripple of discomforts during menopause.
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Review Of Indian Literature On Postmenopausal Syndrome
The average age of menopause in India is 47.5 years, with an average life expectancy of 71 years. Therefore, Indian women are likely to spend almost 23.5 years in menopause .
About 3540% women between 40 and 65 years have been diagnosed to suffer from osteopenia and 830% suffer from osteoporosis. All women over 65 years have been found to suffer from osteopenia or osteoporosis .
A study which analyzed a sample consisting of menopausal, premenopausal and postmenopausal women in the age range of 3550 years using a two-stage screening procedure for identifying and screening psychiatric morbidity General Health Questionnaire and Standard Psychiatric Interview, found highest psychiatric co-morbidity in the menopausal group, in terms of age maximum number of cases with psychiatric co-morbidity were from 41 to 45 years. Menopausal women suffered more symptoms of menopause as well as psychiatric symptoms as compared to premenopausal women. Both set of symptoms was found to be less in the postmenopause group also. The most common reported symptoms in the group were depression, depressive thoughts, anxiety, and excessive concern about bodily functions. Supporting the findings of the earlier study the predominant symptom in menopausal women was depression.
Prioritize Sleep And Relaxation
In addition to a hormone balancing diet you can help balance hormones naturally with simple lifestyle changes, starting with a sleep routine and schedule that spans over the weekend. Theres a significant relationship between cortisol and sleep, the infamous stress hormone can leave your adrenal glands depleted when its overactive.;
Our Tip: Leave the phone one hour before bed, avoid caffeine after 2:00 PM, and make relaxation time part of your schedule.
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What Happens After Menopause
Will the hot flashes, mood swings, and other symptoms of menopause come to a halt when your periods are finally finished? Find out what to expect in the years after menopause.
Though you may have some idea of whats in store for you as you head toward menopause, the stage of life when the ovaries stop producing eggs and menstrual cycles dwindle, you may not quite know what to expect when your periods are officially over.
A woman is medically defined as being in menopause when she has not had a menstrual cycle for at least 12 months, says Kevin Audlin, MD, a gynecologist at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore.
At that point, the transition into your non-child-bearing years is complete.
Can I Get Pregnant During Menopause
The possibility of pregnancy disappears once you are postmenopausal, you have been without your period for an entire year . However, you can actually get pregnant during the menopause transition . If you dont want to become pregnant, you should continue to use some form of birth control until you have gone fully through menopause. Ask your healthcare provider before you stop using contraception.
For some women, getting pregnant can be difficult once theyre in their late 30s and 40s because of a decline in fertility. However, if becoming pregnant is the goal, there are fertility-enhancing treatments and techniques that can help you get pregnant. Make sure to speak to your healthcare provider about these options.
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Changes In Weight Distribution
As estrogen levels decrease in women who are postmenopausal, they may notice they gain more weight around the abdomen and arms. This central obesity, as it is known, is dangerous because it increases a woman’s risk of cardiovascular disease. In one study, postmenopausal women who received hormone replacement therapy did not experience weight gain in the trunk and arm areas compared to women who did not take HRT. Women treated with hormones gained an insignificant amount of weight during the study in their legs. This pattern of fat distribution is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The treated women had better bone mineral density compared to those who did not receive hormone therapy, too. Talk to your doctor if you notice you’re gaining more weight around your middle. Hormone therapy, if it’s appropriate and safe for you, may help.