What Are The Chances Of Getting Pregnant With A Short Menstrual Cycle
Your chances of getting pregnant when you have a short menstrual cycle all depend on why your cycle is so short. Its imperative to work with your doctor to identify the root cause.
If you naturally have a shorter cycle, getting pregnant on your own may not be a problem. But shorter cycles linked to things like stress, PCOS or Thyroid disease can make it more difficult to conceive.
Do Males Also Have Periods
Guys dont have periods because they dont have a uterus, but their bodies develop and change too the changes are just different. For example: their voice changes and they develop hair on their face and other parts of their bodies. So, although guys dont get periods, their bodies do go through changes too.
How Your Period Might Change
Perimenopause can make your once-regular periods suddenly irregular.
Before perimenopause, your estrogen and progesterone levels rise and fall in a consistent pattern during your menstrual cycle. When youre in perimenopause, hormone changes become more erratic. This can lead to unpredictable bleeding patterns.
During perimenopause, your periods may be:
- Irregular. Rather than having a period once every 28 days, you might get them less or more often.
- Closer together or further apart. The length of time between periods can vary from month to month. Some months you might get periods back to back. In other months, you might go more than four weeks without getting a period.
- Absent. Some months you might not get a period at all. You might think youre in menopause, but its not official until youve been period-free for 12 months.
- Heavy. You may bleed a lot, soaking through your pads.
- Light. Your bleeding might be so light that you barely need to use a panty liner. Sometimes the spotting is so faint that it doesnt even look like a period.
- Short or long. The duration of your periods can change, too. You might bleed for just a day or two or for more than a week at a time.
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When To Seek Medical Advice
Although perimenopause is an inevitable part of every womans life, its still essential to see your gynecologist for an annual checkup. Theyll be able to assess your chances of developing menopause-related conditions and advise you on how to manage your symptoms.
However, should you notice any of the following warning signs, please seek medical attention right away.
- Side effects of hormone treatment
- Periods less than 21 days apart
- Bleeding between periods
Why Does Perimenopause Cause Weight Gain
Another common symptom of perimenopause is weight gain. As we age, metabolism slows, and muscle mass decreases. We often tend to reduce activity levels as well. Plus, if youre battling some of the more severe symptoms of these hormonal fluctuations and cant find the motivation to get out of bed, exercise is likely the last thing on your mind.;
On top of that, many women in their 40s and 50s find themselves in stressful situations kids leaving for college, marriages becoming complicated, aging parents. These stressors can cause cortisol levels to rise, which contributes to weight gain as well.
In addition to stressors, insomnia and decreased sleep quality leads to an increase in ghrelin which increases hunger and likely calorie consumption.
In a study that followed 485 women aged 42-50, it was found women gained about 5-10 pounds over the course of 3 years. This weight gain was also associated with increases in blood pressure, triglycerides, and fasting insulin levels.;
Poor sleep further contributes to higher fasting glucose levels creating further risk factors for difficult blood sugar management.
This weight gain could be a result of changing estrogen levels. Estrogen levels soar in the early stages of perimenopause, and by the latter stages, estrogen fades out. Lower levels of estrogen are associated with insulin resistance, which can cause weight gain.;
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How Long From My First Skipped Cycle Until My Final Period
Again there are no answers based on studies of womens experiences. Although previously, gynecological physicians considered
can become longer if we get another period, as 10-20% of us normally do10. The younger we are, the more likely it is that we will experience a further flow. Then, the last year clock starts again!
What Age Is Considered Late Menopause
Menopause that occurs before a woman is in her mid-40s is known as early or premature menopause. If a woman is 55 or older and still hasnt begun menopause, doctors would consider it late-onset menopause. According to the Center for Menstrual Disorders and Reproductive Choice, the average age for menopause is 51.
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What Happens To Your Periods During Menopause
Now, what basically happens when your periods change? This is one of the first indications that you are starting the road towards the menopause. Your periods can start to change three, four, five years before you hit the menopause proper. But again, it’s going to be different for everyone. You are unique. We are all unique. And we will all have a unique and individual menopause so these figures are just very, very, very average.
What happens when your periods start to change? They can change in a number of ways.
General Recommendations For Ht
Current guidelines support the use of HT for the treatment of severe hot flashes that do not respond to non-hormonal therapies. General recommendations include:
- HT may be started in women who have recently entered menopause.
- HT should not be used in women who have started menopause many years ago.
- Women should not take HT if they have risks for stroke, heart disease, blood clots, and breast cancer.
- Currently, there is no consensus on how long HT should be used or at what age it should be discontinued. Treatment should be individualized for a woman’s specific health profile.
- HT should be used only for menopause symptom management, not for chronic disease prevention.
Before starting HT, your doctor should give you a comprehensive physical exam and take your medical history to evaluate your risks for:
- Heart disease
- Breast cancer
While taking HT, you should have regular mammograms and pelvic exams and Pap smears. Current guidelines recommend that if HT is needed, it should be initiated around the time of menopause. Studies indicate that the risk of serious side effects is lower for women who use HT while in their 50s. Women who start HT past the age of 60 appear to have a higher risk for side effects such as heart attack, stroke, blood clots, or breast cancer. HT should be used with care in this age group.
Women who should not take hormone therapy include those with the following conditions:
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What Happens At Menopause
Women are born with about a million eggs in each ovary. By puberty about 300,000 eggs remain, and by menopause there are no active eggs left.
On average, a woman in Australia will have 400-500 periods in her lifetime. From about 35-40 years of age, the number of eggs left in your ovaries decreases more quickly and you ovulate less regularly until your periods stop. Menopause means the end of ovulation.
Youve Switched Birth Control
If your period is suddenly breaking pattern, consider if you’ve started or changed birth control methods. The pill might lessen the length of flow, says Dr. Dweck. Mary Jane Minkin, MD, a clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology and reproductive sciences at Yale Medical School, agrees. Most birth control pills and rings, like the Annovera vaginal ring, lead to lighter flow, she says. The combined hormonal contraceptives contain a good amount of progestinssynthetic progesteronewhich limit the build-up of a lot of tissue lining the uterus, she explains. As a result, theres less of a flow when its go time. Progestin-only IUDs allow a very limited buildup, Dr. Minkin says, and many women have a lighter flow or even no period when they have one of those implanted.
Also, there could be slight hormonal differences in generic versions that could affect your cycle length, so make sure to check the packaging.
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Symptoms Of The Menopause
As the decline in hormones oestrogen and progesterone during the menopause is typically quite a gradual progress, it often involves fluctuations along the way. As a result of these fluctuations, a number of symptoms can arise:
- Heavy periods, with a shorter cycle As a result of the fluctuating hormones, and higher levels of oestrogen your periods might become heavier and come more often than every 28 days.
- Irregular periods, lighter flow Irregular periods are common in the lead up to the menopause. Your periods may become lighter and disappear for weeks or months at a time
- Hot flushes and night sweats Hot flushes and night sweats are common symptoms in the menopause. It isnt exactly clear why this happens but it is thought that fluctuating levels of hormones somehow interact with the temperature control centre in the brain, the hypothalamus
- Low libido A combination of mood swings and vaginal dryness as a result of low levels of hormones can affect your libido in the lead up to the menopause
- Weight changes Sex hormones can influence other hormones which are important for regulating your body weight stress hormones and metabolism regulating hormones can easily come under fire
- Mood swings Decreasing levels of hormones can affect your mood mood swings or episodes of low mood arent uncommon.
Heavy Bleeding Flooding And Perimenopause
Very heavy bleeding occurs;when your oestrogen levels are high relative to progesterone causing the lining of your womb to;thicken more than usual. During perimenopause, your body’s main systems;are working hard to adjust to the changing hormone levels that are taking place in advance of full menopause. The;most difficult situation to handle is probably very heavy, extended bleeding, or flooding cycles. Some women find they are changing tampons every hour, sometimes having a very heavy bleed during inopportune times for example, at a formal dinner. This often happens at night as well as during the day. Make sure to wear liners and change tampons or pads very regularly.
If you have recurrent heavy and prolonged;periods;you may become anaemic; as the body doesnt have time to make up for blood loss before the next period.;;You can end up feeling weak, exhausted, and maybe even depressed as a result of the anaemia, which then becomes associated with the menopause. Make sure to get help early on and don’t the situation develop.;
Very heavy bleeding can also be caused by fibroids. If you experience;prolonged heavy bleeding, seek professional advice from your GP, homoeopath or another health expert.; Vaginal bleeding is not normal after the menopause so again get professional advice if this occurs.
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What Are Typical Period Changes For Perimenopause
Throughout the menopausal transition, some subtle and some not-so-subtle changes in your body may take place. You might experience: Irregular periods. As ovulation becomes more unpredictable, the length of time between periods may be longer or shorter, your flow may be light to heavy, and you may skip some periods.
Perimenopause Doesnt Have To Be Completely Miserable
While its true so many of the symptoms and struggles of perimenopausal women seem like a completely miserable time, it is possible to minimize the impact the drop in your hormones has on your body.
If you need a little bit of direction in that regard, Im always here to help.And if youre looking for a nudge in the right direction, Ive created a hormone balancing kit that will get you started on the right foot. Its chock full of hormone supporting tips and tricks, plus a 4-week meal plan to get you back on track.
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What Are The Signs That You Need Hormone Replacement Therapy
Hormone replacement therapy is a medical treatment that aims to replace the loss of sex hormones during menopause with a small amount of hormones. Depending on the circumstances, synthetic estrogen or progestin are used to replace the hormones your body is no longer making. While every woman has to make a personal decision regarding HRT when the time comes, it is worth noting that while the traditional medical community once regarded it as a miracle cure for menopause, they now caution against it for the potentially serious side effects it can cause.;
Some of the ways HRT is administered are:
- Vaginal Rings
You should not consider HRT if you have or have had any of these issues.
Can A Woman Orgasm After Menopause
A great sex life is still achievable in perimenopause and beyond.;
The hormonal changes experienced during this time may present some challenges. Dropping estrogen levels mean vaginal dryness, decreased pelvic floor muscle strength, vaginal atrophy, and less sensitivity in the clitoris. Declining levels of testosterone can mean lowered libido. So several things are working against sexual pleasure at this stage in the game.
However, many women find that with a regimen of pelvic floor exercises, along with lube and some small lifestyle tweaks, that they can enjoy orgasm well after menopause. Some of the suggestions for increasing orgasm and sex drive before and after menopause include:
- Reducing alcohol intake
- Exercise and diet these measures can help reduce health conditions that can decrease blood flow and the need for medications that may affect the same;
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Youre Suffering From Premature Ovarian Failure
Premature ovarian failure or primary ovarian insufficiency occurs when women have loss of normal ovarian function prior to 40 years old, explains Dr. Richardson. If your ovaries arent working correctly, they wont produce the right amounts of estrogen or release eggs when theyre supposed to, which could lead to shortened and irregular cycles, she says.
Premature ovary failure typically shows up around age 27, but occurs in one in 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 29 and one in 100 women between the ages of 30 and 39, according to RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association. The most common symptom of premature ovarian failure is infertility and amenorrhea , says Dr. Richardson, and its diagnosed by ultrasound and blood testthe hormone levels would be consistent with menopause.
Translation: If you think you may have premature ovarian failure and want to get pregnant in the future, talk to your doc about getting tested as well as your fertility options.
Q When Should I Call A Doctor About My Perimenopausal Symptoms
If you have not had a period for 12 months and then experience vaginal bleeding, contact your doctor. It is not normal for bleeding to recur after this period of time. Read our article about when you should see your OBGYN.
Remember, perimenopause and menopause are natural and normal transitions, but they can be stressful. Many symptoms can be managed which can help you regain a sense of control, well-being, and confidence to thrive in your next stage of life.
We want you to feel supported, heard, and cared for as you go through this change.
Sometimes, the biggest help is simply confirmation that what youre experiencing is normal!
Dr. Ashley Durward;has been providing healthcare to women in Madison since 2015 and joined Madison Womens Health in 2019, specializing in high and low risk obstetrics, contraception and preconception counseling, management of abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic floor disorders, and minimally invasive gynecologic surgery.
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The Course Of Perimenopause
A change in your periods is often the first sign of perimenopause, but there are other signs to look out for. The most common are hot flashes, sleep problems, vaginal dryness, mood changes, and a decrease in sex drive. Not every woman will experience all of these symptoms. For those who have symptoms, they may come in any order.
Once these symptoms arrive, most women can expect menopause itself to be a few years away.
There are many treatments to help with bothersome symptoms like hot flashes and sleeplessness. Even a few years of hormone therapy can help you get through the worst of it.;;
If you are prone to anxiety or depression, know that perimenopause can bring those conditions back to the surface. Finding a support network can make a big difference. Antidepressants also may be an option.
Calcium And Vitamin D
A combination of calcium and vitamin D can reduce the risk of osteoporosis, the bone loss associated with menopause. The best sources are from calcium-rich and vitamin D-fortified foods.
Doctors are currently reconsidering the use of calcium and vitamin D supplements. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force advises that healthy postmenopausal women don’t need to take these supplements. According to the USPSTF, taking daily low-dose amounts of vitamin D supplements , with or without calcium supplements , does not prevent fractures. For higher doses, the USPSTF says there is not enough evidence to make a recommendation. In addition to possible lack of benefit, these supplements are associated with certain risks, like kidney stones.
However, calcium and vitamin D are important nutrients. Supplements may be appropriate for certain people including those who do not get enough vitamin D through sunlight exposure and those who do not consume enough calcium in their diet. They are also helpful for people who have been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Talk with your doctor about whether or not you should take supplements.
The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends:
Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of calcium in the stomach and gastrointestinal tract and is the essential companion to calcium in maintaining strong bones.
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