Menopause And Cancer Risk
There are a few things related to menopause that may affect your risk of developing ovarian cancer.
If you start menopause late — usually after age 52 — your chances may be higher. That could be because you’ve had more ovulations. Those are the times when your menstrual cycle triggers your hormones to release an egg.
Taking birth control pills can temporarily stop ovulation. That can lower your chance of developing ovarian cancer. You may want to talk to your doctor. You can weigh the risks and benefits of birth control pills and your risk of cancer.
Often, women take hormone therapy to cope with menopause symptoms like hot flashes and osteoporosis. Some studies suggest that taking those hormones may increase your risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Hormone therapy usually involves taking only estrogen, estrogen plus progesterone, or estrogen and progestin, which is a fake hormone that acts like progesterone. According to the American Cancer Society, the risk appears to be higher when you take just estrogen for at least 5 or 10 years.
ÃÂ;If you’re considering hormone therapy to help with your menopause symptoms, talk to your doctor about benefits and risks.
Do All Menopausal Women Experience A Decrease In Sexual Desire
Not all women experience a decreased sexual desire. In some cases, its just the opposite. This could be because theres no longer any fear of getting pregnant. For many women, this allows them to enjoy sex without worrying about family planning.
However, it is still important to use protection during sex if not in a monogamous relationship. Once your doctor makes the diagnosis of menopause, you can no longer become pregnant. However, when you are in the menopause transition , you can still become pregnant. You also need to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections . You can get an STI at any time in your life.
Ovarian Cancer: Know What To Look For
Women often don’t know they have ovarian cancer until it has spread. By then, it’s often very hard to treat.
If you’ve been through menopause, don’t ignore any kind of vaginal bleeding or spotting. If you haven’t been through menopause, see your doctor if your periods are heavy, or if you bleed between periods or during sex.
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Can Ovarian Cysts Be Cancerous
Studies have revealed that benign ovarian cysts do not turn into cancerous cysts, so if you have an ovarian cyst that seems to be benign upon diagnosis, waiting for it to go away for two months or so is not risky.
Numerous researches have also shown that women who form benign ovarian cysts and those women who have had no cysts are equally likely to develop ovarian cancer.
Females who are not ovulating like a woman after menopause or a girl who hasn’t started her periods are at greater risk that an ovarian cyst in these women can be concerning. Various diagnostic approaches should be employed if the cyst is large or if it does not go away in a few months. Even though most of these cysts are benign or not cancerous, a small number of them could also be cancerous.
Sometimes surgery is the only way to take out the cyst and confirm whether its cancerous or not. Based on how they look on imaging tests, cysts that appear to be benign can be observed and removed with surgery.
What Are Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in a womans ovaries, generally during her menstrual cycle and they typically go unnoticed. While most are painless, cysts can become a problem when they are enlarged or dont go away.;
It is normal for a woman to experience having at least one ruptured cyst a month because during a normal menstrual cycle, the ovaries produce a cyst that intentionally ruptures to release an egg, allowing the woman to become pregnant. When the cyst ruptures, fluid is released into the pelvis in a process called ovulation. If the egg that was released is fertilized by sperm, a pregnancy occurs. If not, a period occurs.;
While the vast majority of ovarian cysts are benign and harmless, if you have abnormal pains or discomfort for an extended period of time, you should look out for these signs:;
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Signs And Symptoms Of Ovarian Cysts
Often, ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms. In fact, it may not be known an ovarian cyst is present until its discovered by your doctor during a routine pelvic exam. In some cases, some or all of the following symptoms may be experienced:
- Pressure, swelling or pain in the abdomen or pelvic area
- Dull ache in the lower back and thighs
- Pain during your period or during sex
- Breast tenderness
- Problems emptying your bladder completely
- Nausea or vomiting
If you have any of the symptoms below, see your doctor or gynecologist as soon as possible. These symptoms can be a sign of ovarian cancer:
- Pain with fever and vomiting
- Sudden, severe abdominal pain
- Rapid breathing
What Is Uterine Cancer
Uterine cancer is a general term that describes cancers of the uterus, or womb:
- Endometrial cancer develops in the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus. Its one of the most common gynecologic cancers cancers affecting a womans reproductive system.
- Uterine sarcoma develops in the myometrium, the muscle wall of the uterus. Uterine sarcomas are very rare.
- zinc sulphate
That said, the evidence is very limited. Supplements can sometimes have side effects or interact with medicines you take, so you should always check with your doctor before adding them to your routine.
You can also try these home remedies:
- Put a heating pad or hot water bottle on your abdomen. Research finds that heat is as effective for relieving cramps as ibuprofen .
- Massage your belly. Gentle pressure can offer some relief from the pain.
- Practice stress-reducing techniques, like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga. found that period pain was twice as common in women who were stressed out than in women with low stress. Stress can also make the cramps you have more severe.
I Have Pcos Since Premenopause Does It Continue Into Menopause
It is possible for women to enter menopause with PCOS.
Interestingly enough, many perimenopausal women with PCOS find that their irregular periods begin to normalize as they get closer to their menopause date. Also, it is not uncommon for women with PCOS to reach menopause two years later than their non-PCOS counterparts.
Why We Cant Give Up On The Surgery Of Ovarian Cyst After Menopause
Sometimes patients are interested in why the operation is still considered as a way of treatment if there is the alternative which is observation approach. The suggestion to give up the operation seems logical;at first glance. But it doesnt comprehends a number of significant circumstances.
First, not all women are equally disciplined. There are often situations when the patient is not observed for several years. And during that time a lot can change. And secondly, an ovarian cyst after 50 may change sooner with time. It will cause the necessity to perform the surgery anyway. Careful as the;monitoring is held, it can not prevent malignant changes in the tumor.
What more, during that surveillance time the patient become even older. Which means a new comorbidity;can develop. And this increases the operational risks.;Taking all together, monitoring of ovarian cyst after menopause is rather an exception than the rule.
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Importance Of Health History
A womens history can give clues as to the nature of an ovarian mass. Some factors are protective against cancer: pregnancy and childbirth in a womans 20s, use of birth control pills, and a history of tubal ligation or hysterectomy. A strong family history of cancers of the breast, ovary, colon, or endometrium may be part of a hereditary cancer syndrome; however, only five to 10 percent of ovarian cancers are related to heredity.
Q: How Are Ovarian Cysts Diagnosed And Treated
A: Sometimes, cysts can be detected during a routine pelvic exam or when youre being examined for symptoms. Your doctor may order a pelvic ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis. And one or more blood tests may be done to pinpoint the cause of a cyst.
Ovarian cysts dont always require treatment. For premenopausal women, cysts usually go away on their own within a month or two. Thats typically not true in postmenopausal women; ovarian cysts tend to hang around longer in this group.
If a cyst is painful, large, or suspicious for cancer, treatment usually means removal.
Ovarian cysts cant be biopsied like you can biopsy skin or the cervix, Chu explained. You have to surgically remove them either by cystectomy or oophorectomy .
If a cyst isnt causing problems, monitoring any symptoms and repeating ultrasounds is a common approach.
The most important take-away message about ovarian cysts is to not panic, Chu said. Management of cysts really depends on a persons age and how a cyst looks. A lot of cysts can be followed with scans to make sure they are going away or not growing.
If you are concerned after receiving a diagnosis of an ovarian cyst or are having unusual symptoms that are worrisome, it is a good idea to see a specialist.;
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Treatment Of Ovarian Cysts After Menopause
Treatment options may involve surgery to remove the cysts or other treatments for health conditions that may be causing them. Surgery, including ovary removal, may be recommended for postmenopausal women with large, non-simple cysts and other risks factors, such as history of ovarian or breast cancer.
Post Menopausal Complex Ovarian Cyst
Hello Everyone, I’m Peggy from Ohio, I’m 53, never had children, started menopause at 38, always had awful menstrual cycles, but in november during my annual, the ob was feeling around, and felt something on the right ovary, and after speaking with me, and finding out, that i had lost about 10 pounds in the past month, felt sick after eating just a few bites, was peeing like every 30 minutes, and had really bad low backpain, plus i have a cousin and an aunt who have breast and colon cancer, she ordered a vaginal ultrasound that revealed a 1.7 cm complex cyst on my right ovary, and with the symptoms and the the family history and the fact that the cyst had a solid component to it, she sent me to a gyn/oncologist, and he requested a cat scan, and in the week between the; ultrasound and the cat scan, i developed another cyst, this one on the left.but the 1st thing the oncologist said was “i don’t even know why she sent you here, it’s not even that big, then he asked if i was dieting and that’s why i lost the weight”, he said he knew my ob and knew how she ran her office, and it ticked me off, he scheduled another ultrasound for 8 weeks but said “if it bothers you that much, you can have her take your ovaries out”;; I really don’t want to go back to him ever.; since i’ve been there, i’ve starting having lots of pressure down low, and peeing even more than i was before. , and twinges of sharp pain along with some dull aches,and it’s freaking me out.
Thanks in advance
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What Causes Ovarian Cancer
When cells multiply and divide in an unregulated way, it is referred to as cancer. When this is found in the ovary, it is ovarian cancer. The exact reason this happens is unclear. These risks can increase the chance of getting the symptoms of ovarian cancer after menopause.
Your Family History
Those who have relatives whove had breast or ovarian cancer are at a higher risk of getting ovarian cancer than other women. Genetic testing can be done to screen out genes associated with the risk.
Many cases of ovarian cancer happen after a woman goes through menopause. This can be especially true for those over 63 but is less common before 40.
Those who have had a pregnancy or more that went full-term are at a lower risk. This is especially true for those that were pregnant before 26 and your risk decreases the more pregnancies you have. Breastfeeding will also decrease your risk.
If you have used the pill for a minimum of three months, your risk may be reduced. The longer youve been on the pill, the lower the risk can be. Risk is decreased further if the birth control has been the Depo-shot and its been used for more than three years.
Fertility Treatment or Infertility
If a woman has been diagnosed with breast cancer, she has an increased risk of getting diagnosed with ovarian cancer. This is why those who test positive for BRCA2 or the BRCA1 gene may decide on oophorectomy for preventative measures.
Ovarian Cysts And Masses In Menopause
Once a woman enters menopause, there is an expectation that the ovaries become inactive. While they do have a lower level of activity, they are still capable of producing cysts. Fortunately, the great majority of these are benign and need no therapy. Dr. David Holtz presents for us what is considered normal and what signs should cause concern. Beverly Vaughn, MD, Medical Coordinator, Menopause and You Program
With the increased use of imaging and the recognition by primary care doctors that ovarian cancers present with subtle symptoms, more ovarian masses are being detected in postmenopausal women. In screening studies, five to 20 percent of women over the age of 50 with no other symptoms will have an ovarian mass detected on ultrasound. However, only a percentage of these will prove to be ovarian cancer after surgery. Thus, it is important for us to try to distinguish ovarian cysts that can be monitored with repeat ultrasound studies from masses that need to be surgically evaluated due to their elevated risk of early ovarian cancer.
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Are There Nonhormonal Options For The Management Of Menopausal Symptoms
Hormone therapy may not be the right choice for you. Some medical conditions may prevent you from safely being able to use hormone therapy or you may choose not to use that form of treatment for your own personal reasons. Changes to your lifestyle may help you relieve many of your symptoms without need for hormonal intervention.
Lifestyle changes may include:
Treatment For Ovarian Cysts After Hysterectomy
The treatment of ovarian cysts that develop after a hysterectomy depends on the size and the type of cysts. Smaller cysts that cause no symptoms or bleed they usually leave to dissolve in a few weeks by themselves. Large cysts that can rupture or bleed often require surgical removal. Ask your doctor about the options to treat your cysts. The pain that large cysts inflict can be hard to endure for long since many doctors leave the cysts to subside for weeks.
Regular check-ups are imperative so that the rupture of the ovarian cyst can be prevented. The rupture of an ovarian cyst can cause great discomfort and pain and can sometimes be life-threatening when the contents of the cyst enter the abdominal cavity.
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What Causes Ovary Pain After Menopause
All women get used to a certain pain in the ovary area while they have periods. All of them experience pain to a definite extent. Its a natural response of the body. When a woman has a period, the uterine muscles contract to start the menstrual cycle. Prostaglandins are specific lipids that make blood vessels constrict and thus, lead to pain. Ovary pain after menopause is quite similar and may be severe or moderate.
Nonetheless, periods end during menopause and never come again. Similar to menstruation painful sensations confuse many women. They ask Why do I have pain in my left ovary? It happens because of the lack of estrogen in your body. Among other causes are:
- Chronic constipation;
- Pelvic inflammatory illnesses.
Thus, you may have left ovary pain or right ovary pain, as well as pain in both sides. Another reason why women may feel pain is more severe. It may be cancer. If its so, you may experience certain symptoms. Among such are bloating in the abdomen, frequent urination, problems with digestion, constipation, lowered appetite, constant hunger, rapid weight gain or loss, etc. If you feel at least some of these symptoms and their severity is durable, turn to a doctor.
Mind that some other conditions may cause pain. At times, ovary pain after menopause is not caused because of this stage. Some women simply have digestive ailments, such as food poisoning, a stomach virus, or irritable bowel syndrome. Among other factors are:
Q: What Are The Symptoms
A: Since most ovarian cysts are small, they typically dont cause symptoms. But if they grow, you may have symptoms.
Ovarian cysts are tough because they can be quite large before there are any symptoms, Chu said. A lot of the symptoms can be very nonspecificpelvic pain, pelvic discomfort, pressure on the bladder or rectum, discomfort with intercourse. Or you can have no symptoms at all. But, if you have any symptoms that are persistent, or worsen over time, you should call your physician.
Will I Start Menopause If I Have A Hysterectomy
During a hysterectomy, your uterus is removed. You wont have a period after this procedure. However, if you kept your ovaries removal of your ovaries is called an oophorectomy you may not have symptoms of menopause right away. If your ovaries are also removed, you will have symptoms of menopause immediately.