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Can You Get Pregnant During Premature Menopause

Symptoms Of Early Menopause

How Can You Get Pregnant After the Menopause? | This Morning

The main symptom of early menopause is periods becoming infrequent or stopping altogether without any other reason .

Some women may also get other typical menopausal symptoms, including:

Read more about the symptoms of the menopause.

Women who go through early menopause also have an increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease because of their lowered oestrogen hormone levels.

If I Froze Eggs Embryos Or Ovarian Tissue Prior To Cancer Treatments But I Never Use Them Or I Have Some That I Dont Plan To Use What Do I Do With Them

If you choose not to use eggs, embryos or ovarian tissue, you generally have three choices:

  • Discard them
  • Donate them to research
  • Donate them to another person or couple who is trying to conceive

This is a very personal decision. Generally, prior to freezing any of these tissues your fertility specialist will ask you to decide what you would like done in the event of your death, divorce or any other unforeseen circumstances. For example, if in the event of death you would like to leave frozen eggs or embryos to your partner or another family member, you would need to create an advance medical directive outlining these wishes. It is always recommended that you speak with a licensed professional counselor or social worker when considering your options. If your fertility center does not offer these services, you can seek out a medical social worker, faith leader or personal counselor. You may also consider speaking with a legal representative to discuss your rights and options.

Heart & Cardiovascular Health

Women experiencing a premature or early menopause may have an increased risk of heart disease, compared to women who reach menopause at the expected age, although this remains controversial.

A recent study suggested women with premature or early menopause may also be at greater risk of stroke. This might be because of the loss of the beneficial effects of oestrogen on the blood vessels and the lipid profile of younger women. Further understanding in this area is still needed.

There are also other cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as family history, high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.

A healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular and heart problems. Stopping smoking, eating a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables, maintaining a healthy body weight and doing regular physical activity reduces the risk of heart disease in women of all ages.

There is some evidence that suggests menopausal hormone therapy, or MHT use in women with premature or early menopause reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.

It is recommended that you have annual monitoring of blood pressure, weight, smoking status and cholesterol and sugar levels, as well as a discussion with your doctor, to help keep a check on your risks of cardiovascular disease.

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Fertility In The Aging Female

A womans best reproductive years are in her 20s. Fertility gradually declines in the 30s, particularly after age 35. Each month that she tries, a healthy, fertile 30-year-old woman has a 20% chance of getting pregnant. That means that for every 100 fertile 30-year-old women trying to get pregnant in 1 cycle, 20 will be successful and the other 80 will have to try again. By age 40, a womans chance is less than 5% per cycle, so fewer than 5 out of every 100 women are expected to be successful each month.

Women do not remain fertile until menopause. The average age for menopause is 51, but most women become unable to have a successful pregnancy sometime in their mid-40s. These percentages are true for natural conception as well as conception using fertility treatment, including in vitro fertilization . Although stories in the news media may lead women and their partners to believe that they will be to able use fertility treatments such as IVF to get pregnant, a womans age affects the success rates of infertility treatments. The age-related loss of female fertility happens because both the quality and the quantity of eggs gradually decline.

A Father Inquires For His Perimenopausal Wife

Can You Get Pregnant During Perimenopause?  Femtech Insider

A hopeful and eager father waddles through the message board of the Momtastic Baby and Bump site, asking ladies out there if they had successfully conceived during perimenopause because he and his wife were getting worried about her perimenopause symptoms. Thankfully, a woman around the age of 42 came to save the day .

Nottrustyyet decisively laid down how she was definitely perimenopausal when she got pregnant. She then recounted her story of how at 42, her periods changed: they got shorter, and she had recurring night sweats. It took her and her husband a year and a half to finally conceive their perimenopausal baby! But it was a success and a surely relieving answer for want2BaDaddy!

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Symptoms Of Premature And Early Menopause

The symptoms of early menopause are the same as for menopause at the typical age and can include:

  • menstrual cycle changes, including changes to the usual bleeding pattern, particularly irregular bleeding
  • hot flushes
  • viral infections the evidence is inconclusive, but it is thought that a viral infection, such as mumps or cytomegalovirus, could trigger premature menopause in some women.
  • What Is Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

    Premature ovarian insufficiency is when the ovaries stop working properly before the age of 45.

    If you have POI the ovaries stop producing normal levels of a hormone called oestrogen and may not release eggs.

    It is also known as premature ovarian failure or premature menopause. But it doesnt always mean the ovaries completely fail. Women with POI may still occasionally release an egg and have a period.

    This happens to all women when they go through the menopause and the ovaries stop working. The average age women in the UK go through the menopause is 51. POI is when the menopause happens earlier than that. When the ovaries stop releasing eggs then this also causes the periods to stop.

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    What Are The Symptoms

    • Irregular periods
    • Hot flashes
    • A decrease in sexual drive
    • Irritability
    • Painful sex
    • Thinning and drying of the vagina

    Some women may continue to have normal periods and show no symptoms. Diagnosis may only be discovered when the FSH levels are measured and come back with elevated levels. Discuss any menstrual changes or symptoms with your healthcare provider before coming to any conclusion about POF.

    Common Menopause And Pregnancy Symptoms

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    Changes in your menstrual cycles

    Skipping a menstrual period is often the first telltale sign that a woman may be pregnant. Missing a period could also be a sign that a women has entered the menopause transition. If youve been having intercourse, you may be inclined to take a pregnancy test. If not, look for other hormone-related signs that confirm menopause, such as hot flashes and low libido

    Mood changes

    Surging and fluctuating hormones in pregnancy and menopause can both lead to mood swings and irritability. In pregnancy, mood changes may cause you to be unusually emotional and weepy. In perimenopause, irritability, anxiety and depression are more the norm for mood changes. Are you crying one minute and laughing the next? Its time to check in more with your body and whether your mood is related to perimenopause or pregnancy.

    Fatigue and sleep changes

    Hormonal changes in pregnancy and menopause can also result in fatigue and changes to sleep patterns, including insomnia. Whenever you notice changes in your sleep habits, its a good time to check in on the state of your hormones.

    Weight gain

    Breast tenderness

    Many women say they first knew they were pregnant when their breasts suddenly became tender, sore and swollen. Women can also experience breast pain as part of a hormonal imbalance in menopause. Good breast self care is important. If you notice changes in your breasts, let your healthcare provider in on your symptoms.

    References

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    How Is Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Treated

    Currently, there is no proven treatment to restore normal function to a woman’s ovaries. But there are treatments for some of the symptoms of POI. There are also ways to lower your health risks and treat the conditions that POI can cause:

    • Hormone replacement therapy .HRT is the most common treatment. It gives your body the estrogen and other hormones that your ovaries are not making. HRT improves sexual health and decreases the risks for heart disease and osteoporosis. You usually take it until about age 50 that’s about the age when menopause usually begins.
    • Calcium and vitamin D supplements. Because women with POI are at higher risk for osteoporosis, you should take calcium and vitamin D every day.
    • In vitro fertilization . If you have POI and you wish to become pregnant, you may consider trying IVF.
    • Regular physical activity and a healthy body weight.Getting regular exercise and controlling your weight can lower your risk for osteoporosis and heart disease.
    • Treatments for associated conditions. If you have a condition that is related to POI, it is important to treat that as well. Treatments may involve medicines and hormones.

    NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

    An Introduction To Pregnancy And Menopause

    The menopause is the time in a womans life when her fertility begins to die away. For some women, this is something to look forward to, for others the opposite can be said.

    Whatever your attitude towards the menopause might be, your chances of becoming pregnant are the same, and so it is important to be aware that pregnancy is still an option until you have gone for two years without a period.

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    Menopause Vs Pregnancy Symptoms

    There are many symptoms that may accompany pregnancy and menopause. Symptoms in one pregnancy may differ from another pregnancy, even in the same woman. Likewise, menopause symptoms differ from person to person, and they also can change over time. The following are some general symptoms that you may have in perimenopause and pregnancy.

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    What Is Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

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    Primary ovarian insufficiency , also known as premature ovarian failure, happens when a woman’s ovaries stop working normally before she is 40.

    Many women naturally experience reduced fertility when they are about 40 years old. They may start getting irregular menstrual periods as they transition to menopause. For women with POI, irregular periods and reduced fertility start before the age of 40. Sometimes it can start as early as the teenage years.

    POI is different from premature menopause. With premature menopause, your periods stop before age 40. You can no longer get pregnant. The cause can be natural or it can be a disease, surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation. With POI, some women still have occasional periods. They may even get pregnant. In most cases of POI, the cause is unknown.

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    If I Get My Period Back After Treatment Does That Mean That Im Fertile

    Getting your period back after cancer treatment is a good sign and may be an indication of fertility. However, it does not necessarily mean that you are still fertile. For example, there are hundreds of women at fertility clinics every day who get their periods but are struggling with infertility.

    Loss of menstruation marks the beginning of menopause, but fertility begins declining approximately 10 to 15 years before menopause. In other words, you may resume menstruation but have trouble conceiving. It is important to remember that while producing and releasing normal eggs is an essential component of fertility, other abnormal conditions not associated with cancer treatment can lead to infertility. Testing your blood levels of FSH can help determine your ovarian health.

    How Does Menopause Occur

    Menopause is the physical change that marks the end of menstruation. The process of menopause is slow and begins months or years before the menstruation phase ends. The process has three stages :

    This is the time when your reproductive cycle turns erratic, misses the rhythm and ultimately stops. What if you want to get pregnant under such circumstances?

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    Are Birth Defect Rates In Children Born To Cancer Survivors Who Underwent Chemotherapy And/or Radiation Higher Than The Rates Of Birth Defects In Children Whose Parents Have Had No Such Treatment

    Rates of birth defects in the general population are two to three percent. Studies strongly suggest that children born to cancer survivors are no more likely than the general population to have birth defects. A few types of cancer involve a mutated gene that can be passed from parent to child. If you have a strong family history of cancer you may want to consult a geneticist or genetic counselor to see if your children would have higher lifetime cancer risks than usual. Research suggests that no unusual cancer risk exists in the offspring of cancer survivors except in families identified with true genetic cancer syndromes, for example, inherited retinoblastoma.

    How Does Ovulation Work

    “I have signs of menopause. How can I reverse this and still get pregnant?รข?

    Before we begin to understand ovarian failure we need to understand ovulation. In brief, a female is born with about 2 million ovarian follicles. As she gets older and reaches puberty she will only have about 300,000-400,000 left. The body does not make any more. These follicles are very important because they mature to be eggs that will be released during ovulation. Now, 300,000 may sound like a lot, but not every follicle becomes a mature egg.

    When your menstrual cycle begins, your estradiol levels are low. Your hypothalamus sends out a message to your pituitary gland which then sends out a follicle-stimulating hormone .

    This FSH triggers a few of your follicles to develop into mature eggs. Remember only one follicle will be the lucky one to become a mature egg. As the follicles mature they send out another hormone, estrogen. Estrogen sends a message to the hypothalamus to stop producing FSH. If the follicles do not mature and produce estrogen to stop the production of FSH, FSH will continue to produce and rise to high levels.

    This is why women with POF are checked for high levels of FSH. Once the levels of estrogen are high enough, the hypothalamus and pituitary gland know that there is a mature egg. A luteinizing hormone is then released this is referred to as your LH surge.

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    Does Fertility Ever Return If So How Long Will It Take

    If your period is going to return, it usually takes six months to one year, but it can take longer. The absence or presence of your period is not a definitive indicator of your fertility. If your period has not returned or is very irregular more than a year after treatment, you may want to consider fertility testing.

    Where To Get Help And Support

    Although IVF can help some women conceive, Dr Stewart cautions against seeing it as a solution for all: “Some NHS commissioners will allow one cycle of IVF treatment for couples over 40 who haven’t tried it before, but the situation varies. More usually IVF requires several rounds of treatment and is self-funded. You need to have an ovarian egg reserve great enough to produce a number of eggs to ensure a reasonable chance of success in a standard cycle, otherwise theres little point in trying IVF.”

    She advises women in their early forties to get a referral to a fertility specialist if they are not pregnant within a year of trying – or earlier if there is an obvious issue – to make sure there are no other contributing factors other than age.

    “If those investigations are normal and couples have tried for two years it’s classed as unexplained subfertility, recognising that there are other factors that may not easily be tested for. Sometimes continuing to have intercourse over a prolonged period of time gives a cumulative pregnancy rate that may be greater than what can be achieved through treatment if there is no clear cause.”

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    I Am Pregnant Or Menopause At 47

    The onset of menopause is characterized by hormonal changes in the organism. In this regard, the usual course of things for the body changes. This also applies to the concentration of hCG in the blood of a woman. A regular pharmacy test will not answer the question of whether you are pregnant. An ultrasound scan or blood test is needed.

    What Is The Difference Between Infertility And Premature Ovarian Failure

    Can You Get Pregnant During Menopause?

    Premature ovarian failure is one cause of female infertility. Premature ovarian failure means that a womans ovaries stop producing hormones or mature eggs long before the normal age of menopause. The average age at menopause is 51.

    A woman is born with all of the eggs she will ever have and cannot produce more. Over time and with each menstruation, the supply of eggs decreases until the ovarian reserve is empty and results in menopause. Premature ovarian failure may be temporary or permanent, but is often a side effect of damage to the ovaries from chemotherapy or from radiation therapy that is aimed at the pelvic area.

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    How Do Chemotherapy Radiation And Surgery Lead To Infertility And Premature Ovarian Failure

    Cancer treatments like chemotherapy are designed to kill rapidly dividing cells throughout the body while leaving other cells intact. Cancer cells divide rapidly, but so do the cells surrounding the maturing eggs in women. Thus, infertility is a potential side effect of chemotherapy treatment because damage to the ovaries can occur. Individual factors like patient age, drug type, drug combinations and total drug dose affect the chance of becoming permanently infertile. Generally, younger women have a better chance of regaining fertility.

    Radiation therapy also kills rapidly dividing cells, but only in or around its target area. If the radiation field includes the brain, it may affect fertility by damaging areas that control hormone production. Radiation therapy aimed close to, or at the pelvic areas of the body can also cause infertility by directly damaging the ovaries. In some cases, a shield can be used to protect the reproductive system, or the ovaries may be moved out of the way in a minor surgery. The location of the radiation field and the total dose will affect each individual somewhat differently.

    Surgery to remove part or all of the reproductive system can cause infertility. It is important to understand which organs will be impacted or removed and the subsequent effect on fertility. It may be helpful to ask your treatment team to show you diagrams of your operation and ask them to explain what to expect in terms of future fertility.

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