Can I Get Pregnant The Day Before My Period And Still Have A Normal Period
This is a question Flo users often ask, maybe because of the misconception that its not possible to get pregnant during a period.
You can’t get pregnant a day before your period, as ovulation will have occurred 10-16 days before the period .
Regardless of when conception happens, periods stop.
Nevertheless, some people experience spotting during ovulation and mistake it for period blood. In fact, ovulation is the most fertile day of a cycle. Having unprotected sex during ovulation spotting can result in pregnancy.
Sometimes, people may also mistakenly assume implantation bleeding is just a period. Actually, implantation bleeding is an early sign of conception.
Can Menopause Cause Depression
Your body goes through a lot of changes during menopause. There are extreme shifts in your hormone levels, you may not sleep well because of hot flashes and you may experience mood swings. Anxiety and fear could also be at play during this time. All of these factors can lead to depression.
If you experience any of the symptoms of depression, talk to your healthcare provider. During your conversation, your provider will tell you about different types of treatment and check to make sure there isnt another medical condition causing your depression. Thyroid problems can sometimes be the cause of depression.
Can You Get Pregnant While On Your Period
The chances of getting pregnant while on your period are low, but pregnancy is still possible.
The answer lies in understanding the fertile window. For people who are trying to get pregnant, menstruation is not the best time to conceive. Getting pregnant depends on ovulation, which happens when an egg is released from the ovary and moves toward the uterus. The day of ovulation varies from one person to another and from cycle to cycle.
Although the chances of getting pregnant while on your period are low, there are exceptions. For example, it is possible to conceive during a period if ovulation occurs early in your cycle or if your periods last longer than five days.
The chances of becoming pregnant during menstruation are higher for people with shorter monthly cycles. Shorter cycles mean ovulation occurs early in the cycle. Because sperm can live for up to five days inside your body, having sex near the end of a period could lead to pregnancy if ovulation occurs early .
Generally, most people ovulate sometime between days 10 and 17 of their menstrual cycle. The earlier ovulation occurs, the earlier the fertile window will start. The fertile window begins five days before ovulation. If ovulation occurs on day 14 of a cycle, then the fertile window starts on day nine. But if ovulation occurs on day eight of a cycle, the fertile window begins on day three possibly in the middle of a period.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Menopause
You may be transitioning into menopause if you begin experiencing some or all of the following symptoms:
- Hot flashes .
- Night sweats and/or cold flashes.
These symptoms can be a sign that the ovaries are producing less estrogen or a sign of increased fluctuations in hormone levels. Not all people get all of these symptoms. However, those affected with new symptoms of racing heart, urinary changes, headaches or other new medical problems should make sure there is no other cause for these symptoms.
Common Menopause And Pregnancy Symptoms
Changes in your menstrual cycles
Skipping a menstrual period is often the first telltale sign that a woman may be pregnant. Missing a period could also be a sign that a women has entered the menopause transition. If youve been having intercourse, you may be inclined to take a pregnancy test. If not, look for other hormone-related signs that confirm menopause, such as hot flashes and low libido
Surging and fluctuating hormones in pregnancy and menopause can both lead to mood swings and irritability. In pregnancy, mood changes may cause you to be unusually emotional and weepy. In perimenopause, irritability, anxiety and depression are more the norm for mood changes. Are you crying one minute and laughing the next? Its time to check in more with your body and whether your mood is related to perimenopause or pregnancy.
Fatigue and sleep changes
Hormonal changes in pregnancy and menopause can also result in fatigue and changes to sleep patterns, including insomnia. Whenever you notice changes in your sleep habits, its a good time to check in on the state of your hormones.
Many women say they first knew they were pregnant when their breasts suddenly became tender, sore and swollen. Women can also experience breast pain as part of a hormonal imbalance in menopause. Good breast self care is important. If you notice changes in your breasts, let your healthcare provider in on your symptoms.
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Can You Get Pregnant During Menopause
Yes, even if youre not having periods. Fertility naturally declines with age, meaning youre less likely to become pregnant the older you get. Even so, until youre sure that youve gone through menopause, its very important to continue to use birth control if youre sexually active and dont want to get pregnant.
If youre under 50 years old, reliable contraception should be used until you havent had any periods for 2 years. If youre over 50 years old, you should use contraception until its been at least 12 months since your last period. Generally, 55 is thought to be the cut-off age for needing contraception, even if youre still having periods. After this time, you will become menopausal and you wont be able to get pregnant.
Unintended pregnancies can still happen in the perimenopause even though fertility decreases and menopausal symptoms such as vaginal dryness and mood changes can affect how often you have sex.
After the age of 40, a higher proportion of pregnancies are unplanned. Pregnancies that do occur are at a higher risk of complications, including miscarriage or chromosomal abnormalities, which is when your child is born with a genetic condition such as Downs syndrome.
Is Having A Hard Time Concentrating And Being Forgetful A Normal Part Of Menopause
Unfortunately, concentration and minor memory problems can be a normal part of menopause. Though this doesnt happen to everyone, it can happen. If youre having memory problems during menopause, call your healthcare provider. Several activities have been shown to stimulate the brain and help rejuvenate your memory. These activities can include:
- Doing crossword puzzles and other mentally stimulating activities like reading and doing math problems.
- Cutting back on passive activities like watching TV.
- Getting plenty of exercise.
Keep in mind that depression and anxiety can also impact your memory. These conditions can be linked to menopause.
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What Is Premature Menopause
Menopause, when it occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, is considered “natural” and is a normal part of aging. But, some people can experience menopause early, either as a result of surgical intervention or damage to the ovaries . Menopause that occurs before the age of 45 is called early menopause. Menopause that occurs at 40 or younger is considered premature menopause. When there this no medical or surgical cause for premature menopause it’s called primary ovarian insufficiency.
How To Tell If Youre Pregnant Or Perimenopausal
Many pregnant women have no symptoms other than a missed period, which could be confused with perimenopause. If youre in perimenopause and are having irregular periods, pregnancy should be considered, Dr. Bembry explains, especially if youre not using contraception.
He advises pregnancy tests on women up to age 52 or even 60 if menopause has not been confirmed and no form of contraception has been used. This is especially important for patients with abdominal symptoms, which could be a sign of a life-threatening tubal pregnancy.
Denying or ignoring possible pregnancy can delay medical care, which could be risky. Both the risk of miscarriage and having a baby with a chromosomal abnormality increase with age. Pregnancy can be so far out of patients minds that they seek care further along than youd normally see, he says.
The bottom line is if you havent reached menopause defined as 12 straight months without a period you can still get pregnant.
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Changes You May Notice
Your periods become irregular.
This is the classic sign that you are on your way to menopause. Your periods may come more often or less often, be heavier or lighter, or last longer or shorter than before.
When you’re in perimenopause, it can be hard to predict when, or if, your next period may come. It’s also harder to gauge how long your period will last or if your flow will be heavy or light. It’s harder to get pregnant during this phase, but it’s still possible as long as you have periods.
You have hot flashes and night sweats.
Like so many symptoms of menopause, hot flashes and night sweats can vary a lot from woman to woman. They can last 1 minute or 5 minutes. They can be mild or severe. You can have several an hour, one a week, or never have them.
For some women, these symptoms go on for years or decades after they’ve stopped their periods — into the time called postmenopause.
You have trouble sleeping.
You feel moody.
You forget things.
You feel differently about sex.
You have physical changes.
How Long Are Normal Perimenopause Periods
Ordinarily, your menstrual cycle occurs every 21 to 35 days and lasts from 2 to 7 days. However, perimenopause periods can last much longer. Some months, the ovaries might not produce sufficient levels of estrogen and progesterone, preventing menstruation altogether. Other months, the imbalance might cause the uterine lining to become overly thick, which means it will take longer to be shed by your body to shed.
Excessive bleeding and long periods are fairly common during perimenopause. Many women experience an increased flow and extended perimenopause periods before entering menopause.
If youve had periods that are several days longer or more frequent or heavier than usual, its a good idea to see your doctor.
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Can You Get Pregnant Right After Your Period
Yes, it is possible to get pregnant right after a period if the fertile window starts immediately after menstruation ends. Sperm can live for up to five days inside the body. If bleeding stops on day six, sex happens on day seven, and ovulation occurs on day 11, the sperm from day six may still be in the uterine tubes. In this case, pregnancy is still possible. The likelihood of pregnancy after a period increases with every day after bleeding has stopped.
For people trying to conceive, this can be an ideal time to try. Having sex every day increases the chance of conception.
How Do You Know If You’re Still Fertile
You must assume you’re still capable of conceiving until menopause is complete, which has not occurred until menstrual periods have ceased for 12 full months. Menopause is not an on-off switch, says Dr. Stuenkel. But many women dont really understand exactly whats happening.
Ovarian function waxes and wanes in perimenopause, meaning that a woman may release an egg some months but not others. Additionally, body levels of estrogen, progesterone, and other hormones tend to be erratic during this time and egg quality decreases, all contributing to more than a 50 percent decrease in fertility among women 40 and over compared to younger women. But natural conception is still possibleif remotefor women until their mid-fifties.
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Treatments For Menopausal Symptoms
Your GP can offer treatments and suggest lifestyle changes if you have severe menopausal symptoms that interfere with your day-to-day life.
- hormone replacement therapy tablets, skin patches, gels and implants that relieve menopausal symptoms by replacing oestrogen
- vaginal oestrogen creams, lubricants or moisturisers for vaginal dryness
- cognitive behavioural therapy a type of talking therapy that can help with low mood and anxiety
- eating a healthy, balanced diet and exercising regularly maintaining a healthy weight and staying fit and strong can improve some menopausal symptoms
Your GP may refer you to a menopause specialist if your symptoms do not improve after trying treatment or if you’re unable to take HRT.
Myth: If Youre In Your 40s And You Havent Gone Through Menopause Fertility Treatments Are A Good Backup Plan If You Cant Get Pregnant Naturally
Fact: Fertility begins to gradually decline in your 30s, often well before perimenopause. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine , most women become unable to have a successful pregnancy in their mid-40s this includes through natural conception and with fertility treatments such as IVF.7 Both the quality and quantity of eggs gradually decline with time. ASRM notes that by age 40, a womans chance of getting pregnant is less than 5% per cycle, naturally or with the help of fertility treatments.7
Changes In Menstrual Cycle
Women who are pregnant or in perimenopause will see shifts in their menstrual cycle because of hormonal changes. A missed period is a tell-tale sign of pregnancy, while irregular periods may mean the onset of menopause.
Signs of irregular menstruation include changes in blood flow, light spotting, and longer or shorter periods. Its important to remember that irregular periods could indicate another condition. Speak with your doctors about any concerns.
Do People In Postmenopause Lose Interest In Sex
No, not all people lose interest in sex after menopause. Vaginal dryness and discomfort during sex can make sex less pleasurable. Using a vaginal lubricant can help with dryness. Some people are less interested in sex because of other symptoms like depression or feeling tired. If your feelings about sex have changed, ask your healthcare provider for help.
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When Does Menopause Usually Happen
Menopause happens when you have gone 12 months in a row without a period. The average age of menopause in the United States is 52. The range for women is usually between 45 and 58.2 One way to tell when you might go through menopause is the age your mother went through it.3
Menopause may happen earlier if you:
- Never had children. Pregnancy, especially more than one pregnancy, may delay menopause.4
- Smoke. Studies show smoking can cause you to start menopause up to two years earlier than women who dont smoke.5
Certain health problems can also cause you to start menopause earlier.
Menopause usually happens on its own. However, you may enter menopause earlier than you normally would if you have had chemotherapy or surgery to remove both ovaries. Learn more about early menopause on our Early or premature menopause page.
What Happens At Menopause
Women are born with about a million eggs in each ovary. By puberty about 300,000 eggs remain, and by menopause there are no active eggs left.
On average, a woman in Australia will have 400-500 periods in her lifetime. From about 35-40 years of age, the number of eggs left in your ovaries decreases more quickly and you ovulate less regularly until your periods stop. Menopause means the end of ovulation.
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Should I Freeze My Eggs
Aside from lifestyle interventions, its important to consider fertility preservation sooner rather than later if you think you may be deferred in being able to start a family, whether its through lack of a suitable partner or due to career progression. Sometimes the desire to have a child is aroused later on in women and sometimes it occurs because of a new relationship, but where possible, preservation via egg or embryo freezing up to the age of 40 is something that will give the best chance of success later on.
What has recently been hailed as a new menopause cure involves the surgical extraction of ovarian tissue, currently being done for women with severe conditions that would tip them into an early menopause, such as cancer.
The tissue is frozen and then re-implanted into the woman, allowing a woman the chance to have biological children later in life and avoid the debilitating symptoms of the menopause for what could be another decade or two. However, though healthy children have been born around the world this way, it isnt clear whether this is something that should become a fertility preserving measure in women who are not at risk of an early menopause.
The key is to consider your fertility from earlier in life and to discuss it with your doctor, to help you make the best decisions.
When To See A Gp
It’s worth talking to a GP if you have menopausal symptoms that are troubling you or if you’re experiencing symptoms of the menopause before 45 years of age.
They can usually confirm whether you’re menopausal based on your symptoms, but a blood test to measure your hormone levels may be carried out if you’re under 45.
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Taking Hormone Replacement Therapy
Some women may also opt to take hormone replacement therapy during or after menopause. HRT can reduce some of the symptoms associated with menopause but may have adverse side effects.
Among the issues to be aware of is that HRT can increase a womans risk of developing breast cancer.
All women considering HRT should look at the pros and cons with their doctor first.
Doctors consider pregnant women who are 35 years of age or older, as of advanced maternal age.
A global study published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, found that around 12.3 percent of pregnant women fitted into this category.
Regardless of age, there are some steps a woman can take to promote a healthy pregnancy for herself and her baby. They include:
A woman should make an appointment with a doctor who specializes in the care of pregnant women, known as an obstetrician, according to her doctors advice. Regular prenatal care can help a doctor identify and anticipate potential birth complications.