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Can Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure

What Are The Risks Of Hrt

Does Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?

The health risks of HRT include:

  • Increased risk of endometrial cancer For women who have had a hysterectomy , this is not a problem
  • Increased risk of breast cancer with long-term use
  • Increased risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Increase in inflammatory markers
  • Increased risk of blood clots and stroke, especially during the first year of use in susceptible women

All women taking hormone replacement therapy should have regular gynecological exams . The American Cancer Society also recommends that women over age 50 should:

  • Perform breast self-examination once a month
  • Have a breast physical examination by her health care provider once a year
  • Have a mammogram once a year
  • Is It Really All About Stress

    So, do these studies mean hot flashes cause higher systolic blood pressure?

    Not really.

    Lots of things can lead to higher systolic blood pressure, but one good theory holds that like hot flashes, raised systolic blood pressure starts when theres an increase in central sympathetic nerve activity. This could make sense because thats the part of your nervous system that activates your fight-or-flight response when youre under stress. So, what could be going on is that perimenopausal and menopausal women who are under chronic stress are seeing natural side effects of this stress in the form of hot flashes and high blood pressure — both issues share this common root.

    Heres something else to consider: hot flashes can cause unpleasant facial flushing, and guess what? So can high blood pressure. But facial flushing can be caused by a lot of other things that DO for sure raise blood pressure, including high temperatures, hot water, alcohol, exercise, and again, stress. The theory here is that women may think their hot flashes are linked to high blood pressure, but in fact the rise in blood pressure is caused by something else that is happening at the same time as the hot flash.

    In the end, the hot flash mechanism is still a bit of a mystery. Your best bet for finding hot flash relief is to take steps to balance your hormones and avoid your personal hot flash triggers. You can take steps to lower your blood pressure too!

    Here Are Some Questions You Can Ask Yourself And Discuss With Your Physician:

    • Am I experiencing difficult menopause symptoms?
    • Do I have any medical conditions or a family history of certain conditions that might make HRT beneficial for me?
    • Do I have any medical conditions or a family history of certain conditions that might make HRT riskier for me?
    • Have I considered alternatives to HRT?

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    Causes Of High Blood Pressure

    When you go through menopause, your estrogen levels drop, which can affect your blood pressure. So once you know for sure that youre menopausal, its very important to get your blood pressure checked regularly. But before you get all stressed out about it, just know that its enough to do it once every six months or so, just to keep an eye on things.

    Hot Flashes Linked To High Blood Pressure

    Can Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?  Ginger Haze

    2 Min Read

    NEW YORK – While past research has shown a link between menopause and high blood pressure, a new study suggests there is a relationship between hot flashes and high blood pressure, independent of menopausal status.

    In the study, reported in the journal Menopause, ambulatory blood pressure monitors worn for 24 hours recorded awake and sleep blood pressure of 154 women, ranging in age from 18 to 65 years , no previous cardiovascular disease and either mildly elevated or normal blood pressure.

    One third of the women reported having hot flashes within the past 2 weeks, note Dr. Linda Gerber of Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, and colleagues.

    The average values for systolic blood pressure , while awake and asleep were significantly higher in the women who had experienced hot flashes compared with women who did not.

    In women with hot flashes, average systolic awake and sleep blood pressure was 141 and 129 mm Hg, respectively – this compared with 132 and 119 mm Hg, respectively, for women not reporting hot flashes.

    Hot flashes continued to predict higher systolic awake and sleep systolic blood pressure after controlling for race, ethnicity, body mass index and even after adjusting for whether they were premenopausal, menopausal, or postmenopausal, Gerber said in a statement.

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    Check Your Blood Pressure Regularly

    With so many digital blood pressure devices out there, checking your BP is easier than ever. Home monitoring allows you to keep tabs on your BP and alert you of potential health problems. Remember the blood pressure ranges we mentioned earlier? Keep those in mind when checking your BP!

    I personally have my own BP device at home, and I check my BP every week.

    I actually want to buy another one that connects to my Apple Watch and iPhone! This one is on my shopping list:

    High Blood Pressure And Night Sweats

    Menopause is often accompanied by symptoms such as high blood pressure and night sweats. While these conditions might initially appear to have little in common, when experienced during menopause, they are often caused by the same thing – hormonal fluctuations. Take a look at the information below for advice on treating these menopause symptoms.

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    Falling Estrogen And Blood Pressure

    As levels of estrogen decrease, a womans risk of developing high blood pressure increases dramatically. Because of the interplay of other hormones, such as progestin, and the effect that estrogen has on other important risk factors, post-menopausal women are actually at higher risk of developing high blood pressure than are men.

    Estrogen Drops And Your Body Responds

    Can menopause bring on high blood pressure?

    High blood presure When estrogen levels drop, your heart and blood vessels become stiff and less elastic. Because of these changes, your blood pressure tends to rise, causing hypertension. Elevated blood pressure can place added strain on the heart, says JoAnne Foody, MD, medical director of the cardiovascular wellness program at Brigham and Womens Hospital and an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston.

    High cholesterol Lack of estrogen can also cause detrimental changes in your cholesterol and blood fats: Your good cholesterol may go down, and your bad cholesterol may go up, which increases your risks of heart attack and dying from heart disease, says Dr. Foody. Triglycerides, another kind of fat in the blood, also increase becasue of the drop in estrogen.

    Diabetes When women go through menopause, they can also become more resistant to insulin, the hormone needed to convert blood sugar and starches into energy for cells to use. As a result, women are more likely to become prediabetic and diabetic as they transition from premenopause to menopause, explains Foody. Having diabetes puts you at a higher risk for heart disease and stroke.

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    What About Transgender Women

    While transgender women dont go through the same experience of menopause, they do need to take hormones throughout their lives.

    As transgender women age, their risk for high blood pressure and blood clots will rise, according to Maas.

    For them, healthy lifestyle measures will be even more important compared to cisgender women, Maas said.

    Malahfji agreed, stating transgender women will need intensive multidisciplinary care to manage their medications and therapies, due to the fact that some of those treatments do place them at higher risk for developing high blood pressure.

    Continued follow-up and regular screening is vital, he said.

    Heart Disease In Menopause Is Preventable

    On the good side, a lot of this is reversible or preventable, Foody says. Menopause is an important time to take good care of yourself and your heart.

    Women who exercise, don’t smoke , monitor themselves for weight gain, and eat a healthy, nutritious diet rich in fruits and vegetables can lower their risk of heart disease as they age.

    We know that women who exercise tend not to get high blood pressure as much. And exercise can also prevent your heart from stiffening as you age, Foody says.

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    High Blood Pressure Symptoms

    High blood pressure has a number of symptoms, so Ill run through them for you, because theyre actually related to menopause. They include headaches, chest pains, sleep disorders, heart palpitations, hot flashes, anxiety, depression and fatigue. But wait Doesnt that pretty much describe menopause? Hold on tight, because its even more confusing than that, which is why I recommend getting your blood pressure checked regularly.

    Medstar Washington Hospital Center

    Can Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?

    Endocrine hypertension is a type of high blood pressure caused by a hormone imbalance. Most often these disorders originate in the pituitary or adrenal gland and can be caused when the glands produce too much or not enough of the hormones they normally secrete.

    There are several types of endocrine hypertension, including:

    Primary hyperaldosteronism: a hormonal disorder that leads to high blood pressure when the adrenal glands produce too much aldosterone hormone, which raises sodium levels in the blood.

    Pheochromocytoma: a rare endocrine tumor originating in the medulla, the inner part of the adrenal gland causes the release of excessive amounts of hormones that control responses to stress, heart rate and blood pressure.

    Paraganglioma: a tumor that originates from the cortex, the outside of the adrenal glands most often these are located in the head and neck region, heart, bladder, spine, chest, abdomen, or pelvis and produce excessive amounts of the catecholamine hormone, which can lead to high blood pressure.

    Most often, treatment for these types of hypertension focuses on the cause of the high blood pressure. Sometimes, additional blood pressure medication may be prescribed.

    Genetic tests may be appropriate in selected patients with a neuroendocrine tumor or pheochromocytoma.

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    Hbp: Causes Of High Blood Pressure And How To Lower It In Menopause

    This post may contain affiliate links. Read my disclosure for more info.

    Ever noticed how every single doctors appointment you had never missed a blood pressure check? It simply goes to show that your BP is one of the many determinants of your overall state of health.

    Nowadays, high blood pressure among menopausal women is too common. HBP often shows little to no obvious symptoms to indicate that something is wrong, and thats why HBP got an alias, the silent killer!

    The good news is you can easily lower your blood pressure! And it all starts with knowing the real causes and symptoms to watch out for. Stay with me as we talk further! This isnt going to be just another science-loaded article, so sit back. Lets get to know HBP deeper and discover natural ways to keep our blood flowing gracefully, even under pressure!

    Study Finds High Blood Pressure Linked To Loss Of Estrogen In Peri

      Estrogen receptor beta neurons in the brain are important for blood pressure regulation in a mouse model of human perimenopause. Credit: Image courtesy of Dr. Milner.

      Women become more susceptible to hypertension as they approach menopause, and now a preclinical study led by researchers at Weill Cornell Medicines Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute suggests that this perimenopausal hypertension may be driven by declines in estrogen signaling in a brain region called the hypothalamusand may be preventable with estrogen-like treatments.

      In the study, published May 3 in the Journal of Neuroscience, the researchers, led by Drs. Teresa Milner and Michael Glass, respectively a professor and associate professor of neuroscience in Weill Cornell Medicines Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, used mice to model the perimenopausal decline in the production of estrogen by the ovaries.

      The scientists found that female mice with a low-estrogen condition resembling human perimenopause become more susceptible to experimentally induced hypertensionbut lose that susceptibility when estrogen signaling is boosted again with an estrogen receptor -stimulating agonist drug.

      The results, say the researchers, suggest that ER agonists might be beneficial in preventing or treating hypertension in perimenopausal women.

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      Heart Disease High Blood Pressure And Menopause

      While you may have had normal blood pressure most of your life, your chances of developing high blood pressure increase considerably after menopause.

      Heart disease risk rises for everyone as they age, but for women symptoms can become more evident after the onset of menopause.

      Risk Factors For High Blood Pressure

      High Blood Pressure at Menopause – 184 | Menopause Taylor

      As they say, there are things out of our control, and they may increase our risks for certain diseases. Here are some known risks for obtaining high blood pressure:

      • Poor nutrition
      • Weak kidneys
      • Drugs such as appetite suppressants, birth control pills, corticosteroids, HRT, and NSAIDs

      Despite these risks, there are many ways to prevent high blood pressure by taking control of our health as early as now.

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      Causes Of High Blood Pressure In Women During Menopause

      Dont be surprised by these statistics, but a whopping 55.2% of women are hypertensive compared to 44.8% men, the American Heart Association reported in 2013. Its also one of the leading causes of death in females.

      Many are afraid of breast cancer, but to see the picture, women have a greater risk of dying from heart disease than from all cancers combined. So, taking care of your heart is the best you can do. For these shocking revelations, let us explore the causes of high blood pressure in-depth:

      • Women naturally have smaller blood vessels. Not only does it result in higher blood pressure, but it also makes our blood vessels vulnerable to inflammation.
      • Low estrogen levels during menopause also affect the health of your arteries. Estrogen prevents plaque build-up in the walls of your arteries and maintains your arteries┬┤ elasticity. So, when it declines, more pressure is added to your arteries. The fluctuating hormones we experience also make our arteries less elastic and more constrictive contributing to high blood pressure.
      • Some women gain extra pounds during menopause. Carrying a little extra weight puts more strain on your arteries, making you prone to high blood pressure.
      • Menopause discomforts can sometimes be so annoying that it stresses you out and makes you feel anxious. This is also negative to your blood pressure.
      • Hyperthyroidism during menopause may increase metabolism, and this, in turn, may increase blood pressure.

      Can Menopause Cause Low Blood Pressure

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      What Is A Normal Blood Pressure Reading

      Typically, a perfect blood pressure reading is around 120/80 mm Hg. The top number is the systolic reading and the bottom number is the diastolic reading.

      The systolic reading can be between 110 and 130 for a healthy adult and not cause concern. However, if the systolic blood pressure reading is above 120 over a sustained amount of time, with a diastolic reading of below 80, this would be considered as a high reading.

      Some people have lower or higher blood pressure readings as their normal. It is a good idea to always have an understanding of what is normal for you.

      If you have a close relative with a history of high blood pressure, invest in an at-home blood pressure monitor to ensure that you can check yours regularly.

      High Blood Pressure And Women

      Can Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?

      A common misconception is that high blood pressure rarely affects women. However, nearly half of all adults with high blood pressure are women. In fact, women that are just 20 pounds or more overweight, have a family history of HBP or have reached menopause are known to increase a womans risk.

      While high blood pressure isn’t directly related to gender, throughout a womans life, health issues like pregnancy, pregnancy prevention and menopause can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure.

      Women represent almost 52% of deaths from high blood pressure.

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      Does Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure

      It is being observed that middle-aged women are suffering from high blood pressure, but it is unclear whether it is directly caused by menopause. The following are possible explanations behind menopause high blood pressure.

      First, a drop in estrogen may negatively affect the health of arteries as one of the hormone’s principal roles is in maintaining their flexibility and promoting normal blood flow.

      Next, drastic hormonal fluctuations make blood pressure more sensitive to salt in the diet, which means consuming even normal amounts of the nutrient in one’s diet can provoke unhealthy spikes in blood pressure.

      Aside from these, there are other reasons why middle-aged women may suffer from high blood pressure during perimenopause or after menopause, including weight gain, aging, diabetes, insulin resistance, and more.

      No matter the cause, high blood pressure, called hypertension, can also cause a variety of symptoms that are often credited to menopause, such as hot flashes, anxiety, fatigue, headaches, irregular heartbeat, and sleep disorders, among others.

      Either way, in order to avoid the long-term complications of hypertension, which include heart and kidney failure, vision problems, dementia, and more, it is crucial that women manage and treat their condition.

      Start By Knowing Your Numbers

      Understanding blood pressure readings is no rocket science, but we still want to make sure that you truly know what those two numbers mean.

      The two values are called systolic and diastolic values.

      Systolic This is the higher value found on top in a reading. It is the hearts maximum pressure while beating.

      Diastolic This is the lower value found below in a reading. It is the pressure in the arteries in between heartbeats.

      In a nutshell, normal blood pressure is 120/80. If you want to know more of the specifics, heres a quick look!

      • Pre-hypertension: 130-140 systolic and 80-90 diastolic
      • Hypertension: 140 or up systolic and 90 or up diastolic
      • Hypertensive Crisis: higher than 180 and higher than 120 diastolic

      DID YOU KNOW: mm Hg the unit of measurement for blood pressure readings, means millimeters of mercury. It is the same unit used for atmospheric pressures. There are electronic blood pressure monitors today, but mercury is still used as the standard unit for pressure measurement in medicine, due to its unparalleled accuracy!

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