What Is The Menopause
The menopause is when a womans periods stop and they are no longer able to naturally get pregnant. Menopause happens due to hormonal changes and when oestrogen levels decline. Most women experience the menopause around the age of 45 to 55 with most women reaching the menopause at 51. However, it is important to note that the menopause can start at any age and can last for many years.
Causes Of Pain During Menopause
The climacteric period is a grandiose restructuring of the female body. The gradual shutdown of the function of childbearing is accompanied by changes in all organs and systems. This is manifested by unusual and sometimes not the most pleasant sensations, including the pain of different localization, strength, and duration .
The root cause of all types of pain with menopause is a sharp change in hormonal status. The decrease, and then the cessation of secretion of estrogen and progesterone, is reflected not only in the state and functions of the reproductive system. Sex hormone cells are present in various tissues and organs. Therefore, estrogen deficiency during and after menopause leads to changes in the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, nervous, endocrine systems, affects metabolism, the emotional and psychological sphere, etc. With menopause women are most often concerned about abdominal pain, lower back pain, perineum, headaches, menopause muscle pain, and bone pains. They are quite intense and often reduce the quality of life, especially if combined with other symptoms of the change.
What About Conventional Medicines
Over-the counter pain relievers such as paracetamol or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like aspirin or ibuprofen can be used to provide short-term relief to mild or moderate muscle pain. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these over-the-counter pain relievers have no interactions with any medicines you might be taking.
If your pain is severe, and over-the-counter pain relievers, as well as home and herbal remedies are ineffective, it is important to consult your doctor.
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Breast Pain In Menopause
The breast pain menopause sometimes brings with it happens when hormonal fluctuations cause fluid to build up in the breasts, making them swollen, tender and painful.
Its the same thing women with PMS experience in the lead up to their period, but it can become more marked in peri-menopause because your hormonal shifts become more dramatic. Your breasts may also change in size or shape around this time.
You shouldnt experience breast pain after youve stopped having periods completely, but it sometimes continues in women who take HRT.
Is It Possible To Completely Get Rid Of Menopause Muscle And Joint Pain
If joint and muscle pain in menopause is caused by a violation of mineral metabolism, the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes will help fill up the calcium deficiency in bone tissue and thereby eliminate the main factor that causes pain. In general, they say that all methods of dealing with menopause muscle pain should be aimed at solving two main problems correction of hormonal imbalance and the prevention of osteoporosis.
It has to be added that at the time of menopause, there should be as many positive emotions as possible to reduce menopause joint pain. Positive emotions improve the hormonal background in general, increasing estrogen levels in particular. Thanks to the stimulating effect of positive emotions, the hypothalamus is activated.
The hypothalamus translates psychic processes into physiological ones, namely, it produces the hormones liberins, which enter the pituitary gland, where female gonadotropic hormones and luteinizing are released under the influence of liberins, under the influence of which the follicle grows and the ovum begins to mature.
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How Does Estrogen Affect Bone And Spine Health
Estrogen plays a role in both male and female bone health. It promotes the activity of osteoblasts, which are the cells in the body that produce bone. Estrogen helps slow the breakdown of bones and encourages bone growth.
Because of this, drops in estrogen levels over time compromise the health of bones. People with chronic hormone imbalances and postmenopausal women are both frequently affected by bone disease such as osteoporosis and osteopenia . Studies show that the risk of developing osteoporosis is higher in postmenopausal women. Lower estrogen levels lead to the loss of bone density over time.
Estrogen also helps to maintain tissues that contain collagen, which can be found in intervertebral discs. Research has associated the lower estrogen levels that follow menopause to more severe lumbar disc degeneration and increased lower back pain in women when compared to men of a similar age.
The associations found in these studies demonstrate the importance of monitoring changes in lower back pain for women after menopause.
Joint Pain And Menopause: 11 Pain Stoppers
Feeling stiff or achy when you get up in the morning or after sitting for an extended period of time? Do you have sore knees? Tight hips? Achy fingers? Back pain? Joint pain is one of those symptoms that can make you feel old overnight, and unfortunately it strikes more than half of women during menopause. In fact, a study of more than 100,000 middle-aged female veterans found that going through menopause raised their risk of experiencing chronic pain by 85 percent. But you dont have to suffer and feel older than you are. There are a variety of ways to get relief.
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When To Get Help
If youre not getting relief, the pain worsens, or you have other symptoms such as swelling, redness, rashes, fever, fatigue, dry eyes and mouth, or painful urination, you should see your doctor. There are other causes of joint pain that can be more serious than a drop in estrogen, such as Lupus, Lyme disease, gout, septic arthritis, gonococcal arthritis, thyroid problems, and rheumatoid arthritis .
What Are The 34 Symptoms Of Menopause
The 34 symptoms of menopause is a list of common symptoms that can occur before or during menopause. They include hot flashes, irregular periods, mood changes, and more.
Menopause refers to the stage of a females life during which their period stops. It typically occurs around the age of 4555 years. A female has entered menopause if at least 12 months have passed since their last period.
The years leading up to menopause are called the menopausal transition, or perimenopause. This stage can also come with symptoms, which may last for several years sometimes up to 14 years.
This article will look at the 34 symptoms of menopause and what may help.
Menopause and perimenopause can cause a range of symptoms, including the following.
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Can Menopause Cause Joint Pain
While aches and pains and joint stiffness are all inevitable as we age, as women approach menopause, typically between the age of 45 and 55, many are often surprised to discover that joint pain is one of the most common symptoms, alongside hot flushes, night sweats, period changes and mood swings.
The average age for menopause is between 45 and 55, so it is little wonder why many women put their aches and pains down to aging.
Joints which are involved in high impact movements such as the hips and knees tend to be most affected. The elbows, neck, shoulders, hands and fingers can also be affected by joint pain.
There are a number of causes of joint pain during menopause including:
- Hormonal changes
- Poor posture
- Increased sensitivity to pain.
Below, I take a closer look at each of these causes and recommend ways to help prevent and treat joint pain during menopause.
The Structure Of Muscles And Joints
So here goes
Joint pain is such a common menopause symptom, and yet most of us arent aware of the structure of our joints and just know that they hurt or dont hurt, as the case may be. So heres a quick round-up of the important parts.
Muscles are bundles of fibrous tissue that contract and release to pull bones in the directions we require them to go.Tendons connect muscles to the bones so that they can haul them around.Ligaments connect bones to other bones, so that when one is pulled, another can also come along for the ride.
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How Do You Get Rid Of Menopause Cramps Fast
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists , over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin are effective treatments for cramps.
If you are looking for nonmedicinal help, try using a heating pad or a heated patch or wrap on your abdomen to help relax the muscles of your uterus. Heat can also boost circulation in your abdomen, which may help reduce pain.
Low Estrogen Can Lead To Bone On Bone In Hips In Knees
In one research paper, investigators published findings in the journal Ultrasound in medicine and biology suggesting there is little question that estrogen deficiency can accelerate a bone on bone condition.
In this animal study, the researchers looked at rapid, spontaneous degeneration of cartilage in the joints of female rats who had their ovaries removed and, as such, the impact of the resulting low-estrogen levels.
At three weeks after ovary removal, the articular cartilage in the female rats knees lost significant thickness.
The researchers concluded that estrogen depletion induces cartilage loss and joint deterioration in the hip and knee pretty rapidly.
This same team of researchers did not stop there. In a later they expanded their work to include what is happening to the bone in these animal joints. In the journal BioMed research international, they published results that suggested that estrogen deficiency causes significant cartilage breakdown but not significant bone breakdown in the early stages of estrogen deficiency induced osteoarthritis.
What this means is that early treatment that enhances and repairs the cartilage will protect joints from bone spurs. As we know, many women go to joint replacement because of overgrowth of bone in the joints, bone spurs.
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Why Does The Menopause Cause Muscle Pain
The hormonal imbalance as you approach menopause is the most common reason for muscle aches and pains. During peri-menopause your hormones begin to fluctuate radically before they fall and remain low as you go through menopause and afterwards. The imbalance of oestrogen and progesterone are the main cause here.
Firstly, oestrogen regulates the production of cortisol in the body. This is known as the stress hormone and when oestrogen is low, your cortisol levels rise, which can cause you to become more stressed and anxious, two symptoms which are very common in the menopause. High levels of cortisol can then cause your muscles to tense up and become painful. Increased levels of cortisol in the body are also known to make you more sensitive to pain, causing you to feel muscle and body aches and pains more easily.
Falling oestrogen can also affect the uptake and utilisation of magnesium, and magnesium is vital for proper muscle function and muscle relaxation. Therefore, low magnesium can cause muscles aches and pains, muscle fatigue and muscle cramps.
Next, is progesterone. This hormone helps to keep your body nice and relaxed. As progesterone levels fluctuate and drop prior to and during menopause, you may experience more muscle tension and pain.
Low iron levels in the body can also cause muscle pain. The pain results from a lack of oxygen in the muscles. You can ask your doctor to check your iron levels to rule this out.
What Causes Breast Soreness
Changing levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone are the usual cause of breast pain during perimenopause and menopause. As you enter perimenopause, estrogen and progesterone levels rise and fall in unpredictable patterns before starting to taper off. The spikes in hormone levels can affect breast tissue, making your breasts hurt.
Breast soreness should improve once your periods stop and your body no longer produces estrogen. If you take hormone therapy to treat menopause symptoms, you may continue to have sore breasts.
Your breast soreness may be related to menopause, or it could be a symptom of another condition. Your risk of having breast soreness is higher if you:
- take certain medicines, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor , diuretics, digitalis preparations, methyldopa or spironolactone
- experience a breast infection
- have cysts in your breasts
- have a fibroadenoma or a noncancerous lump in the breast
- wear a poorly fitting bra, especially one with an underwire
- gain weight or have large breasts
Though rare, breast cancer can cause breast soreness. Most breast pain isnt due to cancer. However, finding a lump in your breast that is accompanied by pain is stressful and causes worry. So see your doctor to find out the next steps of evaluation. There are noncancerous conditions that can cause breast lumps and soreness. Your doctor can order tests to find out whats causing the problem.
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Drink Plenty Of Water
Since dehydration can have such a negative impact on your joints, one of the first things you should do if you experience joint pain is to make sure you are drinking enough water. You should be looking to drink around 1.5-2 litres of plain water every day, over and above other drinks, such as coffee and tea.
If your joints are sore or creaky first thing then ease off as the day goes on, it may mean that you are really dehydrated during the night, so make sure that you drink a small glass of plain water about an hour before bed â this is really important if you are getting night sweats as these will dehydrate you further.
What Does Menopausal Joint Pain Feel Like
Menopausal joint pain is often at its worst in the morning when joints are stiff from disuse overnight. As the day progresses and movement increases, your pain may lessen because the joints are loosening up. Joints that are frequently affected during menopause are the neck, jaw, shoulders, and elbows, through the wrists and fingers may also experience some pain. The discomfort is characterized by stiffness, swelling, shooting pains, and even a burning sensation after working out.
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Menopause Leg Cramps It Could Be A Magnesium Deficiency
Muscle cramps before bed can be a nightmare, and they can appear as a result of the menopause process. This can also manifest itself as pins and needles.
As with RLS, menopause leg cramps often point towards a magnesium deficiency. Crucial for muscle relaxation, many menopausal women lack this important nutrient falling oestrogen levels can affect how efficiently our bodies take it up.
As well as being implicated in leg cramps, a lack of magnesium can be linked to digestive troubles.
Hormonal fluctuations can also cause the stress hormone cortisol to increase, with the added tension adding to the potential for muscle cramps. This anxiety is not only bad news for your lower extremities, of course stress leaves our stomach in knots and can result in digestive problems.
So, as well as keeping your stress levels in check, consider incorporating some of these high-in-magnesium foods
- Green leafy vegetables
- Dairy products.
For these menopause leg cramps, the application of a magnesium spray can also provide some short-term relief. A nice, warm bath or shower can also sooth the muscles.
Perimenopause And Severe Joint Pain
I am 50 and have been in perimenopause for some time. I just wanted to post here to see if anyone else has suffered extreme joint pain as a result of fluctuating estrogen.
Quick history: regular as clockwork from the age of 13 – up to and after the two pregnancies in my thirties.Then aged 47 I started to get very heavy and irregular periods. Then I went for six months with no period at all, then two very scant light periods in quick succession. I have had nothing now for two months but I do feel as if it might happen soon as sore boobs etc.
I have never had a hot flush. I do however have lots of other peri symptoms, including insomnia, heart palpitations and skipped beats, and a strange ‘rushing’ or whooshing feeling which starts in the abdomen which I think is an ‘adrenal’ surge. I also have other vague and odd symptoms, dry eyes and inside my nose, and a really vile taste in my mouth sometimes – I mean really vile, like a chemical taste, unrelated to anything I have eaten. I also have odd tingling skin sometimes, which I can only describe as feeling like ‘cold’ sunburn!
Anyway – for the last few weeks I have been having worsening pain which has spread from left elbow and both shoulders, into left hip, both elbows and now my knees. All my joints are cracking and popping loudly and even my husband can hear the awful grating in my neck and my knees….I sound like a one man band as I go up and down the stairs!
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When Those Bunion Fixes Don’t Work
None of the methods weve talked about will actually banish your bunion. If they fail to bring relief, you may need a surgery called a bunionectomy, in which the bunion is removed. Traditionally, bunion surgery has a long recovery timeabout six to eight weeks, including a few weeks in a surgical boot. Newer, minimally invasive procedures can have you back on your feet in a matter of days, though it will be about four to six weeks for full recovery.
- Foot Pain as We Age:Maturitas. . Chronic foot pain in older people. sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378512216301438#bib0020
- Footwear and Foot Pain:Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. . Footwear choices for painful feet an observational study exploring footwear and foot problems in women. jfootankleres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13047-018-0265-2
- Midlife Weight Gain:Mayo Clinic Proceedings. . Weight Gain in Women at Midlife: A Concise Review of the Pathophysiology and Strategies for Management. mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-619630602-X/fulltext
- Filler for Foot Pain:Dermatologic Surgery. . Hyaluronic Acid Filler Injections Under the Metatarsal Heads Provide a Significant and Long-Lasting Improvement in Metatarsalgia From Wearing High-Heeled Shoes. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039379/