Risk Factors Of Dry Eyes For Women Undergoing Menopause
The transition to menopause happens gradually over the course of many years. In the years leading up to menopause , many women begin experiencing symptoms of hormonal changes, like hot flashes and irregular periods. If youre a woman over the age of 45, youre also at risk of developing dry eye problems.
Dry eyes are what doctors call a multifactorial disease, which means that several different things may be contributing to the problem. Typically, dry eye problems stem from one or more of the following:
- tears drying up
- ineffective tears
You can decrease your risk of dry eyes by avoiding environmental triggers. Things that lead to tear evaporation include:
- dry winter air
The Thyroids Effect On Ocular Health And Vision
The thyroid gland is responsible for making hormones that help control metabolism. If the thyroid gland does not produce the correct amount or type of hormone, it can have notable effects on the eyes and vision.
In Graves disease, an antibody attacks the thyroid gland, causing it to produce too much thyroid hormone. Approximately 30 percent of people with Graves disease experience changes in the muscles and tissues around the eyes, according to the Mayo Clinic. These changes can cause bulging eyes, pain or pressure in the eyes, puffy or retracted lids or a gritty sensation in the eyes.
Also, according to the AAO, there is evidence to suggest that thyroid hormone levels can have other effects on vision. For example, one study suggests high levels of the T4 thyroid hormone may increase the risk of age-related macular degeneration another suggests thyroid hormone levels affect the development and regulation of cones, or cells in the eyes responsible for color vision.
Dry Eye And Menopause: Part 1
Dry eye is one of the most common symptoms of menopause, and women over the age of 50 have been shown to be at high risk of developing dry eye. When estrogen and androgen levels decrease, so does the salty solution of your inner tear film and the oily layer of your outer tear film. As a result, the eyes dry out and become red, swollen, and irritated.
Also Check: Early Menopause After Tubal Ligation
Dizziness And Blurred Vision: Should I Be Worried
It is common for women to experience spells of dizziness and blurred vision once in a while each of which can be caused by various factors. However, many may wonder exactly when they should be concerned about the symptoms and when to ignore them.
Continue reading to learn more about dizziness and blurred vision as well as when to see a doctor and treatment tips so you can stay on top of your own health.
How Can Dizziness Be Treated
The first step is to discuss your dizziness with your GP to see if further investigation is needed.
It is particularly important to see your GP if:
- Youre worried about your dizziness or vertigo
- It will not go away, or it keeps coming back
- Youre finding it harder to hear
- Theres ringing or other sounds in your ears
- You have double vision, blurred vision or other changes in your eyesight
- Your face, arms or legs feel numb
- You have other symptoms like fainting, headaches, feeling or being sick
- You have shortness of breath or chest pain
Strategies to help your dizziness include:
- Remembering to stay hydrated
- Managing your stress and anxiety see more information on anxiety here
If the dizziness is related to the menopause alone and you have other symptoms of the menopause, you may want to try Hormone Replacement Therapy , after weighing up the benefits and small risks with your GP. You can find out more about HRT here.
You May Like: Perimenopause Dizzy Spells
Blurred Vision And Seeing Spots
Hi ladies. I’m 3 years into the menopause and I’m still experiencing blurry vision and it’s happening every day. I also occasionally see spots when I look at somethings up close. I read that women only get blurred vision during the first few weeks of menopause. Is anyone else still experiencing these symptoms months or years later.
0 likes, 15 replies
Posted 2 years ago
hi it’s all in d package ,no need to stress just do your vitamins it shod help
Posted 2 years ago
Hi. I’m almost 2 years post, and have been experiencing this for about 3 years. Makes driving and other things difficult.
Posted 2 years ago
Been like that for 6 years now, since my hysterectomy. Cant see to read a book. Have to limit my time on here too.
Posted 2 years ago
Im exactly the same, my eyes have definatley changed since my hysterectomy 6 years ago like you . ive had 3 different prescriptions and now been refered to hospital due to pressue . Nightmare .
Posted 2 years ago
Thanks ladies. I have so many other scary issues but it helps to know that I’m not the only one with blurred vision. However, none of you mentioned seeing spots so I guess that’s a concern. Take care ladies and thanks again.
Posted 2 years ago
My vision is my most upsetting symptom. I have 24/7 blurry vision, after images, floaters, flashes, light sensitivity, and occassionally spots . It gives me anxiety. You are not alone. xo
Other Eye Conditions To Be Aware Of
There are also some other eye conditions to watch out for too. These can include glaucoma, cataracts and something called age-related macular degeneration. These are some really serious eye conditions so we wouldnt recommend treating them at home with herbal remedies or over-the-counter medicines.
Instead, you would need to get these diagnosed by your doctor or optician. So, if any of you are sitting there wondering why Im not mentioning them, then its just the fact that these are out-with our remit.
Also Check: Tubal Ligation Early Menopause
Menopausal Women Should Watch Out For These Four Eye Diseases
All women at some point experience menopause, marking the end of the reproductive phase of a womans life. The process is a holistic condition meaning it brings with it all manner of changes to virtually every part of a womans body and the eyes are no exception. Older women are particularly vulnerable to eye problems.
Considering that 90 per cent of blindness or vision impairment is treatable or preventable, its especially important that women going through the change have a regular check-up with their optometrist to ensure early detection and treatment of any problems.
How Female Hormones Estrogen And Progesterone Affect The Eyes
Ladies, did you know that hormones are primarily responsible for changes in your vision after age 40? It shouldnt come as a surprise. After all, hormones can influence your mood, weight, sex drive and energy level, so why shouldnt they impact your eyesight? May is Womens Health Month, so lets explore how hormones can change a womans vision from puberty through menopause.
Read Also: Menopause Dizzy Spells
Menopause Brain Fog: A Real Disorder
Until recently, most doctors did not acknowledge that menopause brain fog was real.
But numerous studies support that it exists.
One major study known as SWAN confirmed that cognitive decline, the ability to learn new things, and mood disorders such as anxiety and depression frequently occur during menopause.
Studies show that these symptoms can occur during perimenopause as well.
So dont let your doctor brush it off as your imagination or scare you into thinking that something worse is going on.
Get Regular Eye Tests
The most important thing here is to get regular eye check-ups, even if youve never needed them before. In the UK, if you go and get an eye test, they do quite a comprehensive one. So, it’s not just a case of looking into your eyes and testing which lenses suit you.
They will take pictures right inside your eye. They will take the pressure of the eye. They will check the range of your eye movement. Youll get a really good, comprehensive eye test so its really worth doing just to have a standard check-up.
For those of you that already wear glasses, you might find that your eyesight will change a lot quicker than it has done in the past. If you get any of the above mentioned symptoms, then you just ask for an extra eye test in between the usual two-year gap.
Also Check: What Causes Hot Flashes Besides Menopause
References Regarding Menopause And Migraine
- Ibrahimi K and many others. Reduced trigeminovascular cyclicity in patients with menstrually related migraine. Neurology 2015 84:125-131
- Loder, E., P. Rizzoli, et al. . Hormonal management of migraine associated with menses and the menopause: a clinical review.Headache47: 329-40.
- MacGregor, E. A. . Migraine and the menopause.J Br Menopause Soc12: 104-8.
- MacGregor, E. A. and D. Barnes . Migraine in a specialist menopause clinic.Climacteric2: 218-23.
- MacGregor, E. A. . Migraine Management During Menstruation and Menopause. Continuum 21: 990-1003.
- Owada S1, Suzuki M.The relationship between vasomotor symptoms and menopause-associated dizziness. Acta Otolaryngol. 2014 Feb 134:146-50. doi: 10.3109/00016489.2013.841991. Epub 2013 Oct 21.
- Sheikh, H. U., et al. . Risk of Stroke Associated With Use of Estrogen Containing Contraceptives in Women With Migraine: A Systematic Review. Headache 58: 5-21.
- Wang, S. J., J. L. Fuh, et al. . Migraine prevalence during menopausal transition.Headache43: 470-8.
Surprise Strange And Unexpected Symptoms Of Menopause
If youve found yourself surprised by some of the unexpected symptoms of menopause, youre not alone. Your HysterSisters have had some of them, too.
Here are just a few of the unexpected symptoms theyve experienced.
What Causes Cataracts And How Do I Know If I Have Them
Cataracts are usually age-related most of us will develop them, if we live long enough.
There are environmental, lifestyle, health, and genetic factors that increase your risk of developing cataracts or developing them sooner: these include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, use of certain medications , over-exposure to ultraviolet radiation , a family history of cataracts, and injury to the eye. And of course, being a woman in menopause.
Symptoms of cataracts include clouded or blurred vision that doesnt correct when you blink. Halos around lights. Sensitivity to glare. Needing new prescriptions for your glasses often. Diminished contrast between colors. Difficulty seeing after dark. Double vision in one eye. If you notice any of these, get to an eye doc. And note that cataracts can develop so slowly that often we arent aware of the problem a good reason to see your eye doctor regularly.
Susceptibility Of Women To Bppv
Several factors increase the susceptibility to BPPV, including older age, head and neck trauma, inactivity, and other ear problems or surgery. Many studies have shown a common occurrence in women, and clinical experience with older people has shown that BPPV can develop due to increased hormonal fluctuations, especially during menopause .
Recommended Reading: Is Dizziness A Symptom Of Menopause
Read Also: Dizzy Spells Menopause
Diagnosing The Causes Of Blurred Vision
Although blurred vision may not seem like a serious or significant condition, its important that you should never ignore the symptoms. In many cases, blurred vision may actually be a symptom of another underlying condition, which is why your doctor should be consulted as early as possible. To diagnose the cause of your blurred vision, your doctor may use a number of different examination procedures, including:
Dry Eye And Menopause: Part 2
There are many dry eye treatment options to help ease your symptoms. Most focus on increasing or conserving tears and treating inflammation. A more common treatment is artificial tears in the form of eye drops that supplement the loss of natural tears. Taking nutritional supplements, such as omega-3 fatty acids, or using an eye drop that increases tear production can also help. Other approaches that your doctor may recommend include massaging your eye lids or applying warm compresses.
Don’t Miss: Tubal Ligation And Early Menopause
Hormonal Changes In Adult Women
Women experience significant hormonal changes during pregnancy, breastfeeding, menopause and while on birth control medication. The hormones most involved are estrogen and progesterone.
Their changing levels can affect the eyes oil glands, which can lead to dryness. Estrogen can also make the cornea less stiff with more elasticity, which can affect how light travels into the eye. The dryness and the change in refraction can cause blurry vision and can also make wearing contact lenses difficult.
Pregnancy and breast feeding
With the changes that occur during pregnancy, women may experience blurry vision, light sensitivity, and even headaches and migraines due to fluctuating hormone levels and fluid retention. Most womens vision will return to normal after giving birth and once breastfeeding has stopped.
However, if your vision doesnt return to normal a couple of months after pregnancy, or it changes suddenly or drastically, seek medical advice sooner. It could be due to a more serious medical condition like diabetes or hypertension .
Perimenopause and menopause
The hormonal shifts associated with perimenopause and menopause can also trigger vision changes.
Menopause tends to occur in women aged 45 to 55 years of age, but perimenopause can begin a few months or a few years before that.
Changes In Eyesight And Eye Pressure
So, number one is that the pressure in your eyes can change and that can affect your eyesight generally, which can cause it to deteriorate.
You might find that you have to squint a little bit more when you read, or you might find when you’re driving you can’t see so far into the distance. If you already get your eyes tested, then youll know that one of the tests you get is for your eye pressure. Normally, they determine this by exposing your eyes to puffs of air.
Don’t Miss: Does Menopause Cause Dizzy Spells
Thyroid Hormones And Vision
Thyroid hormones play a crucial role during the bodys development, including the development of the eyes. The thyroid gland is located at the base of our neck. It uses iodine from our food to produce two hormones: triiodothyronine and thyroxine .
Thyroid eye disease develops when the bodys thyroid gland does not produce the correct amount or type of hormones.
One thyroid-related condition, called Graves disease, develops when there is an overproduction of the thyroid hormones. About 30% of people with Graves disease also have eye-related changes such as bulging eyes, puffy or retracted eyelids, light sensitivity, double vision, loss of vision, gritty, red or painful eyes.
Abnormal thyroid hormone levels can impact other aspects of eye development and disease.
Research has shown that people with higher levels of thyroxine are at increased risk of having age-related macular degeneration and other retinal changes. And in another study, thyroid hormone levels appear to affect the ongoing development and regulation of the eyes cones .
Dizziness During Menopause Treatments
Treatment of dizziness often depends on the underlying cause. Because the most common cause of dizziness during menopause is hormonal fluctuations, treating this root cause often provides relief. It is generally recommended that patients begin with the least invasive approach to dizziness treatment.
Lifestyle changes and self-care are often the first steps in treating dizziness associated with menopause. Eating healthy, drinking enough fluids, and exercising regularly can help to reduce episodes of dizziness. Women who become dizzy when they stand up should take precautions to avoid getting up too quickly or making sudden changes in posture.
While these lifestyle changes can help, they are unable to treat the root cause of dizziness in menopause: hormonal changes. Fortunately, approaches in alternative medicine are available to treat the hormonal causes of dizziness during menopause. Often, the best approach to treating dizziness during menopause is one that combines alternative medicine with lifestyle changes.
Don’t Miss: Intrarosa Pros And Cons
Heres To Treating Menopause Dizziness
At the end of the day, dizziness is not typically a sign of something more severe,* which is a good thing. But we know this doesnt make it any less annoying. Hopefully, the combination of knowledge, some new lifestyle choices, and a check-in with your doctor will make you feel more in control of your dizziness. Youve got this.
*It is not Gennevs intention to provide specific medical advice, but rather to provide users with information to better understand their health and their diagnosed disorders. Specific medical advice will not be provided, and Gennev urges you to consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to your personal questions.
Have you taken our menopause assessment? Join over 100,000 women to learn more about your symptoms and where you are in the menopause journey.
Reasons Why You May Have Headaches During Menopause
by Yashoda Hospitals | Aug 10, 2019 | General
4 Reasons Why You May Have Headaches During MenopauseAnd a few tips to manage them!
Menopause does not happen in a day. It stretches out over a period of several years for most women. During this time, they will have irregular periods accompanied by hot flashes, and often, severe bouts of headaches and dizziness. As the menopause approaches, periods become erratic, and the hormones fluctuate, disorienting the body.
Migraines and dizziness are side-effects of these changes occurring in the body. There can be several causes for them. In general, if you have a history of headaches associated with periods, you are more prone to menopause headaches and dizziness. They might get worse as you approach your menopause and stop only once estrogen levels settle down.
Also Check: Relactation After Menopause
Read Also: Menopause Dizziness Treatment