Early Menopause Tied To Heart Problems Before 60
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– Women who go through menopause earlier in life may be more likely to have a heart attack or stroke before they reach age 60 than their counterparts who go through menopause later on, a recent study suggests.
Researchers examined data from 15 observational studies with a total of more than 300,000 women, including almost 13,000 women who survived events like a heart attack or stroke after menopause.
Compared with women who went through menopause at age 50 or 51, women who experienced premature menopause, before age 40, were 55% more likely to have events like a heart attack or stroke after menopause. With early menopause, from age 40 to 44, women had a 30% greater risk of cardiovascular events after menopause with relatively early menopause, from age 45 to 49, the increased risk was 12%.
Heart disease is a leading cause of illness and death for women, said senior study author Gita Mishra of the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia.
These findings will help to identify women at most risk of cardiovascular disease for closer monitoring and earlier diagnosis and even prevention of the disease, Mishra said by email.
Women go through menopause when they stop menstruating. As the ovaries curb production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, women can experience symptoms ranging from vaginal dryness to mood swings, joint pain and insomnia.
SOURCE: bit.ly/2Mut8yV Lancet Public Health, online October 3, 2019.
Cardiovascular Disease Is Not Just A Man’s Disease
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of women over age 25 in the United States, regardless of race or ethnicity. The death rate from cardiovascular diseases has decreased among men but continues to increase in women.
Unfortunately, only 1 in 3 women identify cardiovascular disease as the greatest health problem facing women today. Most women think that cancer is the leading cause of death in women. But, cardiovascular disease is the single leading cause of death for women in America and claims the lives of more women than all forms of cancer combined.
Major Risk Factors That You Cant Change
Increasing age: The older you are, the more likely you are to have a heart attack. The largest age group who die of heart disease are 65 and over.
Male gender: More men have heart attacks than women.
Heredity: If a childs parent has heart disease, then its more likely theyll develop heart disease as well.
African-Americans have, on average, higher blood pressure and are at greater risk of heart disease.
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Take Care Of Yourself
Heart disease is preventable. Here are Goldbergs top tips:
- Schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider to learn your personal risk for heart disease.
- Quit smoking. Did you know that just one year after you quit, youll cut your risk of coronary heart disease by 50 percent?
- Start an exercise program. Just walking 30 minutes a day can lower your risk for heart attack and stroke.
- Modify your familys diet if needed. Check out these healthy cooking tips. Youll learn smart substitutions, healthy snacking ideas and better prep methods. For example, with poultry, use the leaner light meat instead of the fattier dark meat , and be sure to remove the skin.
Link Between Menopause And Heart Disease
While women at any age may be at risk for heart disease, some risk factors for heart disease increase around the time women experience menopause, usually between age 51 and 54.
Menopause doesn’t cause heart disease, but it’s a time of life when women should take stock of their cardiovascular health, said Smriti Banthia, MD, a cardiologist with Franciscan Physician Network Indiana Heart Physicians in Indianapolis. In fact, a womans risk of having a heart attack before menopause is much lower than a mans at the same age. But 10 years after menopause, the number of women having heart attacks rises significantly.
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Warning Signs Your Body Gives You Before A Heart Attack
Heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in both men and women worldwide. Contrast to what you may see in a movie, the signs of a heart attack can be hard to miss. “Two-thirds of women will have less-typical, non-Hollywood heart attack symptoms,” says C. Noel Bairey Merz, M.D., director of the Barbra Streisand Women’s Heart Center at the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute in Los Angeles.
Though symptoms like chest tightness and upper body pain are more obvious, heart attacks present a host of symptoms that can be easily mistaken for another ailment . Identifying the signs of a heart attack and seeking early intervention can be the difference between life or death. Here are the most common symptoms to look out for.
Facts On Women And Heart Disease
Cardiovascular disease and strokes are responsible for approximately one in every three American womens deaths each year, meaning these issues kill one woman every 80 seconds. Approximately 44 million women in the U.S. alone are affected by cardiovascular disease, with 90% of them having at least one risk factor for developing heart disease or suffering a stroke. A significant 80% of cardiac and stroke events in women could be prevented through better education and lifestyle changes, which makes acknowledging these risk factors and treating them extremely important.
The risk of heart disease increases as women age, especially if they have experienced menopause. Annually, an estimated 88,000 women aged 45 to 64 experience a heart attack. Among those over the age of 65 who experience a heart attack, nearly half of those women will die within eight years. Heart disease rates are doubled and tripled for post-menopausal women.
Forty percent of women with heart problems will experience shortness of breath up to six months prior to a cardiac event because of lack of oxygen caused by a weak heart. Unlike men, women are more prone to experiencing severe fatigue because of a heart attack. Over 70 percent of women experience extreme fatigue months prior to a heart attack and this fatigue can worsen causing legs to feel heavier. If you fatigue is sudden without overexertion, then go see your doctor.
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The Virgo Study Was A Step That Brought More Awareness To These Different Heart Attacks Correct
Thats right. Harlan Krumholz, MD, the director of CORE, led a large study that aimed to understand the experiences and outcomes of patients after a heart attack, and also to compare men and women. In reviewing nearly 3,000 case reports, we found that one in eight women in the study did not have evidence of a classic heart attack, and, in fact, did not fit into our traditional classification system known as the Universal Definition . So, we developed an alternative taxonomy called VIRGO to capture different types of heart attacks, and the biological and pathological mechanisms that underlie them. The taxonomy also acknowledges that often we dont know what caused the heart attack. This is just as important, as it can open the door to further research and discoveries. This taxonomy isnt in practice at this time, but the concept is out there, and more and more clinicians are attuned to womens heart disease and employing newer approaches of detection. Additionally, more studies are being done to evaluate prognosis and optimal treatment strategies for different types of heart attacks. This is an exciting timeand I am very optimistic that we are entering into a new era of womens cardiovascular health.
Causes Of Menopause Heart Palpitations
A woman who sometimes feels her heart racing or missing a beat could have menopause heart palpitations. This is a common symptom of perimenopause.
Perimenopause is the time before the menopause, which, in turn, is when a woman has not had a period for 12 months. Afterward, women are said to be in the postmenopause phase.
Heart palpitations are a direct result of lower levels of the female hormone estrogen, which leads to an overstimulation of the heart.
Such a drop in hormone production can be linked to an increase in both heart rate and frequency in palpitations, and non-threatening arrhythmias.
Why Do Women Have Chest Pain With No Chest Pain
They may have pain with exertion in their back, jaw or arm with no chest pain. They might have nausea and indigestion, says Michos. These women should be evaluated for microvascular angina. Microvascular angina can occur when the hearts tiniest arteries are not able to supply enough oxygen-rich blood due to spasm or cellular dysfunction.
How Does Early Menopause Affect A Woman’s Heart
THURSDAY, Oct. 10, 2019 — Menopause before age 50 puts women at increased risk of nonfatal heart conditions, and the earlier menopause occurs, the greater the risk, new research suggests.
Researchers analyzed data from more than 300,000 women who were part of 15 studies around the world, and found that women who reached menopause before age 50 were more likely to have a nonfatal heart problem, such as a heart attack, angina or stroke.
“Women under 40 who experience premature menopause were nearly twice as likely to have a nonfatal cardiovascular event before the age of 60. This is compared to women who reach menopause between the ages of 50 or 51, during what is considered the standard developmental period,” said senior study author Gita Mishra. She’s a professor in the School of Public Health at the University of Queensland, in Australia.
Women who entered menopause between ages 40 and 44 were 40% more likely to have a heart condition, Mishra added.
Previous research has shown a link between early menopause and fatal heart problems, the study authors explained in a university news release.
“The relationship with nonfatal cardiovascular events was unclear until now,” Mishra said. “Smoking, being overweight or obese, and having lower education levels can also strengthen the link between early menopause and a woman’s risk of cardiovascular disease.”
The report was published online Oct. 3 in The Lancet: Public Health.
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Drug Doses Designed For Men May Not Be Best For Women
Men and women with heart disease generally receive the same prescriptions. But when it comes to heart failure in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the bodys needs they probably shouldnt, according to a new study published in The Lancet. The researchers found that women have the lowest rates of death and hospitalization when they are given half the standard dosages of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers and/or beta blockers. Men, on the other hand, fare best with the full prescription.
The researchers speculate that weight differences may explain these findings. Childrens drugs are typically prescribed by weight, but this is rarely done for adults, explains Joyce Oen-Hsiao, M.D., director of clinical cardiology at Yale Medicine, who was not involved with the study. Other possible reasons include sex hormones and differences in the way drugs are absorbed, metabolized and excreted.
More on Heart Health
Sussing Out Hidden Heart Attacks With Better Imaging
Most heart attacks are caused by blockages in the large arteries of the heart. But in up to 15 percent of cases in which people experience symptoms such as chest pain and shortness of breath, there are no significant blockages. These little-understood heart attacks, known as myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries , can still cause heart damage and are also three times more likely to occur in women.
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Sometimes women come to a hospital with heart attack symptoms and, after they get tested, theyre told they didnt have a heart attack, says Harmony Reynolds, M.D., a cardiologist and director of the Sarah Ross Soter Center for Womens Cardiovascular Research at NYU Langone Health in New York. Thats because an angiogram the test thats used to evaluate patients with heart attack symptoms may not reveal the underlying cause, says Reynolds. Without knowing whats causing patients symptoms, doctors arent able to treat them.
If you experienced symptoms of a heart attack but were told you didnt have one, consider asking your doctor if you should have one of these advanced imaging tests, advises Reynolds.
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A Month Before A Heart Attack Your Body Will Warn You With These 8 Signs
Are you sure that your lifestyle is healthy enough to stave off a heart attack?
Here is a list of risk factors for heart attacks: smoking, unhealthy diet and obesity, lack of exercise, alcohol use, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
If you are an average American, or an average world citizen for that matter, you probably sport one or more of these risk factors.
Why so many of us insist on neglecting out health and risking our lives unnecessarily remains a mystery, but fortunately, the internet is a treasure chest of useful information that can save our lives if we dont care too much to live more sensibly.
Over at Bright Side they have listed eight signs your body will give you a month before you get a heart attack. This will help you to recognize a heart attack a month before it happens.
When Menopause Happens At A Younger Age
The typical age of menopause is 51 years, Dr. Gross says, but some women go through it at a younger age either naturally or for medical reasons. For example, pre-menopausal removal of the ovaries and some cancer treatments can prompt a younger patient to go through menopause.
It is known that women with earlier menopause have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than women who go through it later, Dr. Gross says.
In fact, each additional year that a woman is not menopausal decreases her risk of cardiovascular disease by 2 percent, Dr. Gross says.
Women who experience premature menopause, meaning before age 40, or early menopause, between the ages of 40 and 45, are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, overall mortality, neurological and psychological disease and osteoporosis, she says.
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Can A Woman Have A Heart Attack Without Chest Pressure
Although men and women can experience chest pressure that feels like an elephant sitting across the chest, women can experience a heart attack without chest pressure, said Nieca Goldberg, M.D., medical director for the Joan H. Tisch Center for Womens Health at NYUs Langone Medical Center and an American Heart Association volunteer.
Women Often Dont Get Help Soon Enough
Its crazy that we even have to say Its OK to get help, but according to a 2012 survey by the American Heart Association, only 65% of women would call 9-1-1 first if they thought they were having a heart attack. Umm..what?! And if a woman makes it to a hospital, she still runs a higher risk of delayed or incorrect treatment.
There are a few reasons women dont seek or get the help they need as quickly as they need it.
First, many of us men and women still cling to the myth that heart attacks happen to men or are signaled by crushing chest pain. And so we may not respond appropriately when a woman complains of fatigue or dizziness, especially when she doesnt have the chest pain we expect.
Second, culturally, many women dont feel comfortable being the center of attention or causing a bother to others. If the symptoms are moderate enough to endure, women may simply endure them for a dangerously long time.
Third, because womens symptoms are different or seem milder, they are more often misdiagnosed, resulting in treatment delays.
Finally, because were only now beginning to understand the impact of heart disease on women, many diagnostics and treatments are inappropriate for women dosages may be too high, surgeries are more difficult given womens smaller arteries, and womens responses to standard stress tests differ from mens, complicating diagnosis.
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Does Hrt Help Your Heart
So is estrogen replacement the answer to heart concerns after menopause? Not really, said Dr. Banthia.
While hormone replacement therapy can help some women manage their menopausal symptoms for a few years, theres really no evidence that it helps lower your risk of cardiovascular disease, she said. Plus, hormone replacement therapy does have its risks, such as blood clots and stroke.
Women With Early Menopause Likely To Have A Heart Problems Before 60
Women who experience early menopause may be more likely to have heart problems before they reach the age of sixty, according to a new study. This new research could help to identify women who are most at risk of cardiovascular disease.
The study conducted at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia used data from 15 observational studies with a total of more than 300,000 women, including almost 13,000 women who survived cardiovascular events such as stroke or heart attack after menopause.
It was found that women who experienced menopause before the age of 40 were 55% more likely to have events like a heart attack or stroke after menopause. Those who had menopause from age 40 to 44 had a 30% greater risk of cardiovascular events after menopause. Women who had relatively early menopause from ages 45 to 49 had an increased risk of 12%.
Heart disease is a leading cause of illness and death for women, said senior study author Gita Mishra.
These findings will help to identify women at most risk of cardiovascular disease for closer monitoring and earlier diagnosis and even prevention of the disease.
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